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Chronology of the Diadochi

Map of the Persian empire. Design Jona Lendering. Diadochi ('successors'): name of the first generation of military and political leaders after the death of the Macedonian king and conqueror Alexander the Great in 323. To settle the question whether his empire should disintegrate or survive as a unity, and, if so, under whose rule, they fought several full-scale wars. The result, reached by 300, was a division into three large parts. In the next decades, it was decided on the battlefield whether these states could endure. An overview of articles on this website can be found here.

The chronology below is based on
  • Tom Boiy, Between High and Low. A Chronology of the Early Hellenistic Period (2007)
  • Alexander Meeus, "Diodorus and the Chronology of the Third Diadoch War" in: Phoenix 66 (2012) 74-96
Ancient-Warfare.com, the online home of Ancient Warfare magazine

Near East
Iraq and Iran
323 June     11. Death of Alexander  

Late July Begin Lamian War      

Autumn Begin siege of Lamia     Veterans' revolt
322 Spring   Perdiccas in Cappadocia   Peithon defeats veterans

Sept. 5. Battle of Crannon      
Dec. First Diadoch War First Diadoch War First Diadoch War  
320 April   Eumenes defeats Craterus    
  May     Perdiccas killed in Egypt  

Summer     Intervention by Antipater  

Late Summer
    Triparadisus conference  
319 Summer
Antigonus defeats Eumenes Ptolemy occupies Phoenicia  

Autumn Death of Antipater Eumenes besieged in Nora    
318 Spring Second Diadoch War Second Diadoch War Second Diadoch War  

Summer     Eumenes in Cilicia  Revolt of Peithon 

Autumn Antigonus defeats Polyperchon   Eumenes in Phoenicia  
317 Winter     Antigonus pursues Eumenes Peithon defeated

Spring Cassander regent     Eumenes in Susa

Dec. Death of king Philip      
316 Winter Death of Olympias   Antigonus defeats Eumenes Chandragupta Maurya
occupies the Punjab
Seleucus' flight to Egypt

Cassander founds Cassandria; restoration of Thebes


Antigonus in Cilicia
315 Spring  Cassander founds Thessalonica (?)    Antigonus in Syria

Third Diadoch War Third Diadoch War Third Diadoch War  

Summer Antigonus declares the freedom of Greece; Cassander in Nemea
  Antigonus in Phoenicia; captyure of Joppa and Gaza; siege of Tyre

  Ptolemy seizes Cyprus  
314 Nov
Peloponnese sides with Antigonus   Fall of Tyre  
Liberation of Miletus

312 Summer   Ptolemy in Cilicia

Autumn Ptolemy in Greece   (Late) Battle of Gaza  
311 Winter        

May     Ptolemy invades Syria  Babylonian war
Seleucus in Babylon

Summer     Ptolemy evacuates Syria

Sept.       Seleucus conquers
Media and Elam

Dec. Peace treaty Peace treaty Peace treaty  
310 Spring       Demetrius in Babylon

Sept.       Antigonus in Babylonia
309 Spring     Ptolemy conquers Cyprus Antigonus in Babylon

Summer   Ptolemy in the Aegean    

Aug. Ptolemy in Greece     Antigonus defeated

Autumn     Antigonus in Syria  

Dec. Lysimachus founds Lysimachia      
308 Winter Ptolemy leaves Greece   Ptolemy returns  

Spring Polyperchon sides with Cassander   Antigonus founds Antigonia Seleucus' eastern war
307 Spring Fourth Diadoch War Fourth Diadoch War Fourth Diadoch War  

June 10. Liberation of Athens     Seleucus in Bactria
306 Spring     Battle of Salamis  

Summer     Antigonus becomes king  

Autumn     Failed attack on Egypt  
305 Summer Siege of Rhodes      
304 January     6. Ptolemy crowned king  
304 Summer Armistice at Rhodes     Seleucus in India

Autumn Demetrius in Greece     Peace with Chandragupta
303 Summer Greek League      
302 Summer   Lysimachus invades Asia    

Autumn Demetrius in Thessaly      
301 Winter Armistice
Foundation of Halos
  Ptolemy in Syria  

Summer   Battle of Ipsus    

Autumn   Lysimachus occupies Phrygia Ptolemy occupies Phoenicia  
300       Seleucus founds Seleucia, Laodicea, Apamea, and Antioch Seleucus founds Seleucia

  Marriage alliances between Lysimachus and Ptolemy   Marriage alliances between Lysmiachus and Ptolemy  
299   Marriage alliance between Demetrius and Seleucus   Marriage alliance between Demetrius and Seleucus  
298   Death of Cassander Demetrius occupies Cilicia Seleucus raids Samaria  
296 Spring Pyrrhus king of Epirus      

Summer Demetrius besieges Athens      
295 Summer Athens surrenders      

Autumn Civil war in Macedonia      
294 Spring Pyrrhus in Macedonia Seleucus invades Cilicia  Ptolemy occupies Cyprus   

Summer Demetrius in Macedonia      

Autumn Demetrius proclaimed king      
293     Lysimachus occupies Ionia Ptolemy occupies Lycia  
292   War between Demetrius and Pyrrhus   Antioch made capital  
290   Demetrius founds Demetrias      
289   Demetrius defeats Pyrrhus      
288   Revolt against Demetrius   Ptolemy takes Sidon and Tyrus  
287 Spring  Gonatas made governor Ptolemy in Athens    

Summer Lysimachus and Pyrrhus divide Macedonia Demetrius invades Asia    
286   Pyrrhus attacks Gonatas Demetrius defeats Seleucus    
285 Winter   Demetrius surrenders
to Seleucus
Ptolemy succeeded by Ptolemy II  

Summer Lysimachus sole ruler in Macedonia      
Death of Demetrius    
282 January     Death of Ptolemy I  

August War betw. Seleucus and Lysimachus War betw. Seleucus and Lysimachus War betw. Seleucus and Lysimachus War betw. Seleucus and Lysimachus
281 February   Battle of Curupedion    

Sept. Seleucus murdered      

Oct. Ptolemy Keraunos king Antiochus becomes king Antiochus becomes king Antiochus becomes king
280       First Syrian War  
279 Summer Galatian war      

Winter Ptolemy Keraunos killed   Armistice  
278   Attack on Delphi Galatian invasion of Asia    
277   Gonatas defeats Galatians      
276   Gonatas king of Macedonia      
275     Antiochus defeats Galatians     
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