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Roman emperors: the second century

first century
second century
Gaul   :   third century   :   Palmyra
fourth century
fifth century (West)  :  fifth century (East)
Bronze portrait of the emperor Trajan. Glyptothek, München (Germany). Photo Marco Prins. Trajan

18 September 53: Marcus Ulpius Trajanus Crinitus 
October 97: Imperator Caesar Nerva Trajanus 
28 January 98: Imperator Caesar Nerva Trajanus Augustus 
Germanicus (97), Dacicus (102), Optimus (114), Parthicus (116) 
7 August 117: natural death

Picture: Glyptothek, München

Bust of Hadrian from Italica. Museo Arqueológico, Sevilla (Spain). Photo Jan van Vliet. Hadrian

24 January 76: Publius Aelius Hadrianus 
11 August 117: Imperator Caesar Trajanus Hadrianus Augustus
Other titles (only in Greece): Olympios (128), Panhellenios (132), Panionios (132) 
Refused titles: Optimus, Germanicus, Dacicus, Parthicus
10 July 138: natural death

Picture: Museo Arqueológico, Sevilla (biography from the Historia Augusta)

Bust of Lucius Aelius. Louvre, Paris (France). Photo Marco Prins. Lucius Aelius

13 January 101: Lucius Ceionius Commodus
Summer 136: Lucius Aelius Caesar
1 January 138: natural death

appointed as successor by Hadrian

Picture: Louvre (biography from the Historia Augusta)

Bust of Antoninus Pius. Agora Museum, Athens (Britain). Photo Marco Prins. Antoninus Pius

19 September 86: Titus Aurelius Fulvus Boionius (Arrius?) Antoninus 
25 January 138: Imperator Titus Aelius Caesar Hadrianus Antoninus 
10 July 138: Imperator Caesar Titus Aelius Hadrianus Antoninus 
Pius (138), Germanicus (157), Dacicus (157) 
7 March 161: natural death

Picture: Agora Museum, Athens (biography from the Historia Augusta)

Bust of Marcus Aurelius. British museum, London (Britain). Photo Marco Prins. Marcus Aurelius

26 April 121: Marcus Annius Catilius Severus
17 March 136: Marcus Annius Verus 
25 February 138: Marcus Aelius Aurelius Verus 
139: Aurelius Caesar
7 March 161: Imperator Caesar Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus 
Armeniacus (164), Medicus (166), Parthicus (166), Germanicus (172), Sarmaticus (175) 
17 March 180: natural death

Picture: British Museum, London (biography from the Historia Augusta)

Lucius Verus (from an anonymous German art collection). Photo Jona Lendering. Lucius Verus

15 December 130: Lucius Ceionius Commodus 
25 February 318: Lucius Aelius Aurelius Commodus 
7 March 161: Imperator Caesar Lucius Aurelius Verus 
Armeniacus (164), Medicus (166), Parthicus(166)
January (?) 169: natural death

co-emperor of Marcus Aurelius

Picture:  from an anonymous German art collection (biography from the Historia Augusta)


Avidius Cassius

c.120/130: Gaius Avidius Heliodorus
April 175: Imperator Caesar Gaius Avidius Cassius Augustus
July 175: murdered by officers

 (biography from the Historia Augusta)

Statue of Commodus as Hercules Romanus. Musei Capitolini, Roma (Italy). Photo Marco Prins. Commodus

31 Augustus 161: Lucius Aurelius Commodus 
12 October 166: Lucius Aurelius Commodus Caesar 
June 177: Imperator Caesar Lucius Aurelius Commodus Augustus 
17 March 180: Marcus Aurelius Commodus Antoninus Augustus 
Germanicus (172), Sarmaticus (175), Germanicus maximus (182), Britannicus (184)
191: Imperator Caesar Lucius Aurelius Commodus Aurelius
31 December 192: murdered by courtiers

Picture: Musei Capitolini, Roma (biography from the Historia Augusta)

Bust of Pertinax. Archaeological museum, Antakya (Turkey). Photo Marco Prins. Pertinax

1 August 126: Publius Helvius Pertinax 
1 January 193: Publius Helvius Pertinax Augustus
28 March 193: lynched by soldiers

Picture: Archaeological museum, Antioch (biography from the Historia Augusta)

Coin of Didius Julianus. Limesmuseum, Aalen (Germany). Photo Marco Prins. Didius Julianus

30 January 133: Marcus Didius Severus Julianus 
28 March 193: Imperator Caesar Marcus Didius Severus Julianus Augustus 
1 June 193: deposed
2 June 193: murdered by soldiers

Picture: Limes-Museum, Aalen (biography from the Historia Augusta)

Bust of Septimius Severus. Archaeological Museum, Thessaloniki (Greece). Photo Marco Prins. Septimius Severus

11 April 145: Lucius Septimius Severus 
9 April 193: Imperator Caesar Lucius Septimius Severus Pertinax Augustus 
Arabicus (195), Adiabenicus (195), Pius (195), Parthicus (198), Britannicus (210) 
4 February 211: natural death

(In 194, Septimius Severus claimed to have been adopted by Marcus Aurelius.)

Picture: Archaeological Museum, Thessaloniki (biography from the Historia Augusta)

Coin of Pescennius Niger. Limesmuseum, Aalen (Germany). Photo Marco Prins. Pescennius Niger

c.140: Lucius Pescennius Niger 
19 (?) April 193: Imperator Caesar Gaius Pescennius Niger Justus Augustus
April 194: executed

Picture: Limes-Museum, Aalen (biography from the Historia Augusta)

Bust of Clodius Albinus. Clodius Albinus

25 November 147: full name unknown 
April 193: Decimus Clodius Septimius Albinus Caesar 
Winter 195/196: Imperator Caesar Decimus Clodius Septimius Albinus Augustus
19 February 197: killed in action

Picture: Cedar Rapids Museum of Art; ©!!! (biography from the Historia Augusta)



first century
second century
Gaul   :   third century   :   Palmyra
fourth century
fifth century (West)  :  fifth century (East)

Literature

Dietmar Kienast, Römische Kaisertabelle. Grundzüge einer römischen Kaiserchronologie (1990 Darmstadt)