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Roman emperors: Palmyra

first century
second century
Gaul   :   third century   :   Palmyra
fourth century
fifth century (West)  :  fifth century (East)
Bust, said to be of Odaenathus. Archaeological Museum of Palmyra (Syria). Photo Marco Prins. Odaenathus

±220: Septimius Odaenathus 
260: establishes personal rule in the East
262: dux Romanorum, corrector totius Orientis, rex regum
Autumn 267: murdered

(biography from the Historia Augusta)

Picture: Museum of Palmyra

Coin of Zenobia. Bode-Museum, Berlin (Germany). Photo Jona Lendering. Zenobia

date of birth unknown: Julia Aurelia Zenobia
Autumn 267: clarissima regina
270: clarissima pia regina
Spring 272: Septimia Zenobia Augusta
Summer 272: taken captive by Aurelian
died in captivity

Picture: Bode-Museum, Berlin (biography from the Historia Augusta)

Coin of Vaballathus. Vaballathus

±260: Lucius Julius Aurelius Septimius Vaballathus Athenodorus 
Autumn 267: rex regum, corrector totius Orientis, dux Romanorum
november 270: vir consularis, rex, imperator
Spring 272: Imperator Caesar Lucius Iulius Aurelius Septimius Vaballathus Athenodorus Persicus maximus Arabicus maximus Adiabenicus maximus pius felix invictus Augustus
Summer 272: taken captive by Aurelian
died in captivity

Picture: ©!!



first century
second century
Gaul   :   third century   :   Palmyra
fourth century
fifth century (West)  :  fifth century (East)

Literature

Dietmar Kienast, Römische Kaisertabelle. Grundzüge einer römischen Kaiserchronologie (1990 Darmstadt)