home   : ancient Rome   :   index    :    collected by Jona Lendering

Early Byzantine emperors

first century
second century
Gaul   :   third century   :   Palmyra
fourth century
fifth century (West)  :  fifth century (East)
Bust of Arcadius. Forum of Theodosius, Constantinople; Arkeoloji Müzesi, İstanbul (Turkey). Photo Marco Prins. Arcadius

377: Flavius Arcadius 
19 January 383: Flavius Arcadius Augustus
1 May 408: natural death

co-emperor of Honorius; ruled in the east

Picture: Arkeoloji Müzesi, İstanbul

Bust of Theodosius II. Louvre, Paris (France). Photo Jona Lendering. Theodosius II

10 April 401: Theodosius 
10 January 402: Theodosius Augustus 
28 July 450: natural death

Picture: Louvre, Paris

Gold coin of Marcianus. Byzantine and Christian Museum, Athens (Greece). Photo Marco Prins. Marcian

392: Marcianus
25 August 450: recognized as emperor
27 January 457: natural death
 

Picture: Byzantine and Christian Museum, Athens

Bust of Leo I Thrax. Louvre, Paris (France). Photo Jona Lendering. Leo I Thrax Magnus

c.401: full name unknown
7 February 457: recognized as emperor
18 January 474: natural death

nicknamed 'the great Thracian'

Picture: Louvre, Paris

Coin of Leo II. Leo II

c.467: full name unknown
18 January 474: recognized as emperor
17 November 474: natural death

Picture: ©!!

Gold coin of Zeno I. Byzantine and Christian Museum, Athens (Greece). Photo Marco Prins. Zeno I

c.440: Tarasis
November 474: Zeno
January 475: resigns
August 476: returns
9 April 491: natural death?

Picture: Byzantine and Christian Museum, Athens

Coin of Anastasius I. Byzantine and Christian Museum, Athens (Greece). Photo Marco Prins. Anastasius I

c.431: Anastasius
11 April 491: Augustus Anastasius
1 July 518: natural death

Picture: Byzantine and Christian Museum, Athens

Justin I. Coin from the Archaeological Museum of Antalya (Turkey). Photo Jona Lendering.
Justin I

c.450: Justinus
10 July 518: recognized as emperor
1 August 527: natural death

Picture: Archaeological Museum, Antalya

Mosaic of Justinian, Sant' Apollinare in Classe, Ravenna (Italy). Justinian I

482: Flavius Petrus Sabbatius
April 527: made co-ruler by Justin
1 August  527: Flavius Justinianus
14 November 565: natural death

Picture: Römisch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum, Mainz

Coin of Justin II Justin II

c.510: birth
15 November 565: recognized as emperor
5 October 578: death

Picture: Byzantine and Christian Museum, Athens

Coin of Tiberius II Tiberius II

26 September 578: recognized as emperor; surnamed New Constantine
14 August 582: death

Picture: ©!!

Coin of Mauricius. Byzantine and Christian Museum, Athens (Greece). Photo Marco Prins. Maurice

539: Flavius Mauricius
13 August 582: recognized as emperor; surnamed Tiberius
22 November 602: dethroned
27 November 602: death

Picture: Byzantine and Christian Museum, Athens

Coin of Phocas. Byzantine and Christian Museum, Athens (Greece). Photo Marco Prins. Phocas

547: Phocas
23 November 602: recognized as emperor
5 October 610: death

Picture: Byzantine and Christian Museum, Athens

Coin of Heraclius. Byzantine and Christian Museum, Athens (Greece). Photo Marco Prins. Heraclius

c.575: Heraclius
5 October 610: recognized as emperor
11 January 641: death

Picture: Byzantine and Christian Museum, Athens



first century
second century
Gaul   :   third century   :   Palmyra
fourth century
fifth century (West)  :  fifth century (East)