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Roman emperors: the fifth century (west)

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second century
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fifth century (West)  :  fifth century (East)
Bust of Honorius. Musei Capitolini, Roma (Italy). Photo Marco Prins. Honorius

9 September 384: Flavius Honorius 
January 393: Flavius Honorius Augustus
15 August 423: natural death

co-emperor of Arcadius; ruled in the west

Picture: Musei Capitolini, Roma; **

Coin of Johannes. Bode-Museum, Berlin (Germany). Photo Jona Lendering. Johannes

year of birth unknown; possibly of Gothic descent
20 November 423: recognized by the Senate as emperor
May/June 425: executed by East-Roman troops

Picture: Bode-Museum, Berlin

Valentinian III. Coin from Xanten (Germany). Photo Jona Lendering. Valentinian III

2 July 419: Flavius Placidius Valentinianus 
424: Valentinianus Caesar
23 October 425: Valentinianus Augustus
16 March 455: murdered

Until 437, the real ruler was Valentinian's mother Galla Placidia.

Picture: Museum Xanten

Coin of Petronius Maximus. Maximus

396: Flavius Petronius Maximus
17 March 455: Maximus Augustus
31 May 455: lynched by soldiers

Picture: !!

Coin of Avitus. Avitus

c.400: Flavius Maccilius Eparchius Avitus
9 July 455: proclaimed emperor by the Visigoths
17 October 456: resigned
First half of 457: unknown cause of death

Picture: !!!


Interregnum
Coin of Majorian. Majorian

c.420: Julius Maiorianus
28 December 457: proclaimed emperor
2 July 461: resigned
7 July 461: murdered by Ricimer

Picture: !!


Interregnum
Gold piece of Libius Severus. Libius Severus

year of birth and full name unknown
19 November 461: recognized as emperor
after 25 September 465: murdered by Ricimer?

Picture: !!


Interregnum
Gold coin of Anthemius. Kunsthistorisches Museum, Wien (Austria). Photo Jona Lendering. Anthemius

c.420: Procopius Anthemius
12 April 467: recognized as emperor by the Senate
11 July 472: murdered by Ricimer

Picture: Kunsthistorisches Museum, Wien

Coin of Olybrius. Olybrius

Date of birth unknown: Flavius Anicius Olybrius
April 472: appointed emperor by Ricimer
2 November 472: natural death

Picture: !!


Interregnum
Coin of Glycerius. Glycerius

date of birth and full name unknown
3/5 March 473: appointed by Gundobad
Between 19-24 June 474: taken captive by Julius Nepos, resigned, and made bishop
died after 480

Picture: !!

Julius Nepos. Coin from the Archaeological Museum of Izmir (Turkey). Photo Jona Lendering.
Julius Nepos

date of birth and full name unknown
Between 19-24 June 474: recognized by the Senate
28 August 475: forced to resign by Orestes, and made bishop

(one last attempt to rule in May/June 480)

Picture: Archaeoligical Museum of Izmir

Coin of Romulus Augustulus. Kunsthistorisches Museum, Wien (Austria). Photo Jona Lendering. Romulus Augustulus

461: Romulus
31 October 475: made emperor by Orestes
Nicknamed Augustulus
31 August 476: forced to resign
Still alive in 510

Picture: Kunsthistorisches Museum, Wien



first century
second century
Gaul   :   third century   :   Palmyra
fourth century
fifth century (West)  :  fifth century (East)