Head of a Hellenistic ruler, perhaps Eumenes II (National
Archaeological Museum, Athens)
II Soter: Attalid
king of Pergamon, ruled 197-159.
Successor of: Attalus
Succeeded by: Attalus
father Attalus I Soter suffers a stroke and makes Eumenes co-ruler; he
becomes king in the same year and inherits a policy in which he
presents himself as protector of Greece. He also inherits an alliance
Refuses an alliance with Antiochus
III the Great of the Seleucid
Empire, and instead provokes the Syrian
War, in which he is
supported by Rome. Eumenes helps the Romans cross the Hellespont.
Attalus II Philadelphus visits Rome and warns against Antiochus III.
Battle of Magnesia: Antiochus defeated by the Romans and Pergamenes;
Manlius Vulso attacks the Galatians.
Peace of Apamea: Rome awards Pergamon large parts of Asia Minor,
War against king Prusias I of Bithynia; although Eumenes is defeated,
Roman support gives him in the end victory.
Alliance with the towns of Crete.
War against king Pharnaces of Pontus; territorial gains.
Enables the succession of Antiochus
IV Epiphanes in the Seleucid Empire.
During a visit to Rome, Eumenes, hostile to the Macedonian
informs the Senate
about Perseus' presumed plans to gain influence in Greece.
return, Eumenes is attacked near Cirrha, and believed to be death. His
brother Attalus becomes king and marries to queen Stratonice.
Eumenes returns, Attalus cedes power; Stratonice returns to her husband
Rome's Third Macedonian War. No Pergamene successes, and Eumenes is
suspected by the Senate. After Rome's victory, the Senate refuses
defeats the Galatians (Pergamon Altar), whom the Romans force him to
leave autonomous (166).
Death; he is succeeded by his loyal brother, who remarries queen