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Eumenes III Aristonicus


Eumenes III: official name of Aristonicus, last Attalid ruler of Pergamon (133-129).

Successor of: Attalus III Philometor

Relatives:

Main deeds:

  • 133: Attalus III Philometor, who has no children, leaves the Pergamene kingdom to the Romans. 
  • Aristonicus does not accept this deal and revolts against Rome. He accepts the name Eumenes III.
  • The cities of Pergamon and Ephesus do not support him, but he finds support on the countryside. The revolt becomes a social conflict between the suppressed people of the land and the rich urban people.
  • The ideals of the revolutionaries are defended by Blossius of Cumae, who was also a supporter of Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus.
  • 131: Rome sends an army.
  • 130: Eumenes III Aristonicus defeats the Roman consul Publius Licinius Crassus Dives Mucianus at Leucae.
  • 129: The Roman commander Marcus Perperna besieges Eumenes at Stratonicea and captures him. He is brought to Rome and executed.
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