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Bodegraven


Detail of map of Germania Inferior. Design Jona Lendering.
The location of Bodegraven (number 8)
Germania inferior: small province of the Roman empire, situated along the Lower Rhine. This webpage is part of a series of short descriptions of villages in Germania inferior. An overview can be found here.

The road from Zwammerdam to Woerden along the frontier river Rhine crossed a small brook near modern Bodegraven, and there must have been a bridge, which must have been guarded. Several Roman finds -ceramics, coins, bricks, roof tiles made by the Tenth legion Gemina, an amphora, a lamp, part of a dolium- prove human occupation. The finds are usually associated with a burning layer.

The presence of soldiers of an auxiliary army unit from northern Spain, the Cohors II Asturum, can be deduced from an almost illegible roof tile. The discovery, in 2000, of a lead tablet in which a twenty-one soldiers are cursed, suggests that in the second century, the recruits of this unit were from the Danube region.

Edge of Empire. The book Arjen Bosman and I wrote about Rome's Lower Rhine Frontier.
Edge of Empire. The book Arjen Bosman and I wrote about Rome's Lower Rhine Frontier (order; review)
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