home   :    index    :    ancient Rome    :      Germania Inferior      :     article by Jona Lendering

Burginatium (Alt-Kalkar)


Detail of map of Germania Inferior. Design Jona Lendering.
The location of  Burginatium (number 26; **)
Germania inferior: small province of the Roman empire, situated along the Lower Rhine. This webpage is part of a series of short descriptions of villages in Germania inferior. An overview can be found here.

Burginatium was an auxiliary fort in the country of the Cugerni, built in the second half of the reign of the emperor Tiberius (14-37). The site, not too distant from the river Rhine, has not yet been subjected to full-scale investigations, but a trial excavation (one long trench) has established the position of the walls at two places and several levels of occupation. The fort itself seems to have been used until the end of the third century, but stray finds suggest that the (civil) settlement was not left until the first decade of the fifth century.

Edge of Empire. The book Arjen Bosman and I wrote about Rome's Lower Rhine Frontier.
Edge of Empire. The book Arjen Bosman and I wrote about Rome's Lower Rhine Frontier (order; review)
The site of ancient Burginatium. Photo Jona Lendering.
The site of the civil settlement of Burginatium

An inscription from Burginatium informs us that there was a sanctuary of the native goddess Hludana. Another local deity,Vagdavercustis, is also attested (below).

Today, there site of Burginatium is just a simple field, used by farmers. In the ground, the archaeological remains are safe, so there's no need to hurry with an escavation. A satellite photo of the field can be seen here.


Dedication to Vagdavercustis. Museum of Xanten (Germany). Photo Jona Lendering.
Dedication to Vagdavercustis (Museum of Xanten)

VAGDA
VERCVSTI
CANDIDIVS
To Vagda-
vercustis
by Candidiuss

Research with cesium magnetometers, conducted in 2010/2011, has proved that Burginatium was a cavalry base; originally measuring about 3 hectares, it was in its second stage reduced to 2.2 hectares.

 home   :    index    :    ancient Rome    :      Germania Inferior