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Grinnes (Rossum)


Detail of map of Germania Inferior. Design Jona Lendering.
The location of Grinnes (49)
Germania inferior: small province of the Roman empire, situated along the Lower Rhine. This webpage is part of a series of short descriptions of villages in Germania inferior. An overview can be found here.

Roman finds near Rossum may belong to a fort named Grinnes, but excavation is impossible because the site is too close to the rivers Waal and Meuse, and was probably destroyed. Not a single artifact can be dated before 70, which confirms the words of the historian Tacitus that this fort was founded by Quintus Petillius Cerialis after the Batavian revolt

Ancient-Warfare.com, the online home of Ancient Warfare magazine
First century BCE bracelets from Rossum. Rijksmuseum van oudheden, Leiden (Netherlands). Photo Marco Prins.
First century BCE bracelets from Rossum (Rijksmuseum van oudheden, Leiden)

On the other hand, there have been finds from the final phase of the Iron Age, so the site may be older after all, and the remains of the intermediary period may have been washed away.

The site is also mentioned on the Peutinger Map.

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