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Ghirza: Mausoleum North-C


Ghirza: Roman town in Libya, one of the main archaeological sites of the country.                  
General North-A South A Gh 82
North-B South C
North-C South F
North D-G South G
South NN
     
This photo shows Mausoleum C on Ghirza's North Cemetery; Mausoleum A can be seen in the background. Mausoleum C was built by Marchius Nimmire and Maccurasan for their parents Marchius Chullam and Varnychsin. The builders, Nimmire and Maccurasan, almost certainly represent the fourth generation of Marchii buried on Ghirza's northern necropolis.
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Like Mausoleum A and Mausoleum B, this monument was built on a high platform, and faces east, where the sun rises and where the village is where the dead once lived. The monument is surrounded by classical columns - Corinthian ones this time. The third of the northern necropolis' mausoleums  may have been erected in the second quarter of the fourth century.
On the west and south sides, the friezes have survived. Photos are shown below. On the west side, we can discern two people: one of them is playing a harp, the other is carrying an amphora. To the right, we can see a man feeding a dromedary standing in front of a small gate.

The well-preserved relief on the south side shows, from left to right, a man watering flowers, two oxen, two date palms, and two hunting scenes. The first of these shows a man directing a spear against an animal that looks like a hyena; we can also see a lioness, the hunter's dog, and a man who has been killed and is being devoured by a hyena. The second scene shows a hunter and two dogs attacking a wild bull. On the spandrels, flowers are depicted and fishes, a very common motif in the art of the Sahara (and still used on native textiles).
West side relief South side relief (left) South side relief (west)
Marchivs  CHVLLAM  ET  VARNYCHSI
N  PATER  ET  MATER  MARCHI
NIMMIRE  ET  MACCVRASA
Nis  QVI  EIS  HEC  MEMORI
AM  FECERVNT  DISCVSSI
MVS  RATIOCINIO  AD
EA  EROGATVM  EST  SVM
TOS  MERCEDIBVS  IN  N
VMMO  FOLLIS  SINGVLA
RES  NVMERO  QVADRAGI
NTA  QVINQVE  MILIA  SESCE
NTOS  PRETER  CIBARIA  OP
ERANTIBVS  FELICITER
VISITENT  FILI  ET  NEPOTES  (more...)
The translation of the text above the false door:
Marchius Chullam and Varnychsin, father and mother of Marchius Nimmire and Maccurasan, who built this memorial. We have accounted accurately the costs. 45,600 folles have been paid as wages and for these works. May our children and grandchildren visit this tomb in happiness.
And a final picture of the decoration of the platform itself.
General North-A South A Gh 82
North-B South C
North-C South F
North D-G South G
South NN
© Jona Lendering for
Livius.Org, 2006
Revision: 23 May 2009
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