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Gordian III

Bust of Gordian III from Niederbieber. Rheinisches Landesmuseum, Bonn (Germany). Photo Marco Prins.
Bust of Gordian III from Niederbieber (Rheinisches Landesmuseum, Bonn)
Gordian III: emperor of the Roman world (238-244).


  • 20 January 225 or 226: Marcus Antonius Gordianus 
  • 1 February 238: Marcus Antonius Gordianus Caesar 
  • 9 May 238: Imperator Caesar Marcus Antonius Gordianus Pius Felix Augustus 
  • February (?) 244: killed in action
Successor of: Pupienus and Balbinus


Main deeds:

  • 225 or 226: Born in Rome
  • 238 Adopted as caesar by Pupienus and Balbinus, becomes emperor when they are killed
  • 239 Consul (with M' Acilius Aviola)
  • 240 Revolt of Marcus Asinius Sabianus in Carthage; soon suppressed by the governor of Mauretania
  • 241 Consul II (with Clodius Pompeianus); in the Sasanian Empire, Shapur becomes king; Gordianus marries Tranquillina, daughter of Timesitheus, the praetorian prefect
  • 242 Crosses to Asia
  • 243 Beginning of the war against the Sasanian king Shapur I; Timesitheus achieves some successes
  • 244 Reopening of the Gate of Janus; takes part in the Persian war (the philosopher Plotinus belongs to his army); victorious in Mesopotamia, attacks Ctesiphon, defeated, lynched by soldiers
Ancient-Warfare.com, the online home of Ancient Warfare magazine
The horse of Shapur tramples Gordian III. Relief at Bishapur (Iran). Photo Marco Prins.
The horse of Shapur tramples Gordianus III. Relief at Bishapur

III Gallica reconstituted; III Augusta disbanded

Succeeded by: Philippus Arabs, his praetorian prefect

Buidings: expanded barracks for the soldiers of the Misenum navy in Rome


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improved. A list of completed articles can be found here.
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