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Hadrian


Portrait of Hadrian. Arkeoloji Müzesi, Istanbul (Turkey). Photo Jona Lendering.
Bust of Hadrian from Adana. Arkeoloji Müzesi, Istanbul
Hadrian: emperor of the Roman world (117-138).

Names:

  • 24 January 76: Publius Aelius Hadrianus 
  • 11 August 117: Imperator Caesar Trajanus Hadrianus Augustus
  • 10 July 138: natural death
Refused titles: Optimus, Germanicus, Dacicus, Parthicus

Successor of: Trajan

Relatives:

  • father: Publius Aelius Hadrianus 
  • mother: Domitia Paulina
  • married to: Vibia Sabina, daughter of Matidia
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An inscription with Hadrian's Greek titles. Rijksmuseum van oudheden, Leiden (Holland). Photo Jona Lendering.
An inscription with Hadrian's Greek titles (Rijksmuseum van
oudheden, Leiden)

Early career:

Main deeds:

  • 117 Trajan dies without son or successor; his wife Plotina enabled Hadrian's accession
  • 118 Consul II (with Gnaeus Pedanius Fuscus Salinator); arrives in Rome
  • 119 Consul III (with Publius Dasumius Rufus)
  • 121 Inauguration of the temple of Venus and Rome; visit of Gaul and the Rhine
  • 122 In Britain; Moorish revolt; moves to Spain
  • 123 In Spain; moves to the east
  • c.124: Fall of Septicus Clarus (praetorian prefect) and Suetonius
  • 124 Stay in Ephesus and Athens, initiated in the Mysteries of Eleusis
  • 125 Returns to Rome
  • 127 Italian tour
  • 128 Visits Sicily and Africa (Lambaesis Inscription); moves to Athens; receives the titles Pater Patriae and Olympius
  • 129 Visits Ephesus, Apamea, Antioch
  • 130 Visits Palmyra, refounds Jerusalem (Aelia Capitolina), visits Alexandria; death of Antinous; founds Antinoopolis; returns to Alexandria
  • 131 Return to Athens; receives the title Panhellenius and Panionius
  • 132 Arrives in Rome; insurrection of Bar Kochba
  • 134 Alans invade the Parthian Empire
  • 135/136 Hadrian takes Bethar
  • 136 Last fights in Galilee; Hadrian adopts Lucius Aelius as caesar
  • 137 Lucius Aelius consul II; vicennalia; death of Sabina
  • 138 Death of Lucius Aelius; adopts Antoninus Pius
  • 138 Death in Baiae

Relief, probably commemorating Hadrian's victory over the Jews. Merseyside county museums, Liverpool (Britain). From A.R. Birley, Hadrian. The restless emperor (1997).
Hadrian, killing a Jew (from A.R. Birley, Hadrian, 1997; ©!!!)

Buildings:

Contemporary events:

  • 125 Juvenal's Satires
  • 135 Epictetus, Encheiridion
Succeeded by: Antoninus Pius

Links:



This brief article has been written to offer background information
to the real articles on Livius.Org. One day, this webpage will be
improved. A list of completed articles can be found here.

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