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Herodotus' Histories: the 28 logoi

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Corinthian helmet. British Museum, London (Britain). Photo Marco Prins.
Corinthian helmet (British Museum)
The Histories are the account of the researches done by the Greek author Herodotus of Halicarnassus (c.480-c.429). It is an entertaining work of great variety, dealing with history, ethnology, topography and morality.

In Antiquity, books consisted of papyrus scrolls. Our division of Herodotus' Histories in nine 'books' goes back to an edition by third century BCE scholars, working in the great library of Alexandria. There are very strong indications that this is not the original division; probably, Herodotus thought about his oeuvre as a collection of twenty-eight lectures, in Greek called logoi.

This overview of the contents of Herodotus' Histories is essentially based on Silvana Cagnazzi's article 'Tavola dei 28 logoi di Erodoto' in the journal Hermes 103 (1975), page 385-423, except for book three.

Head of Croesus on a vase in the Louvre, Paris (France). Photo Jona Lendering.

Book one

Croesus on the pyre
(Louvre, Paris;)
The god Anubis balming a deceased man. Papyrus from the Rijksmuseum van Oudheden, Leiden (Netherlands).

Book two

The god Anubis balming a deceased man (Rijksmuseum van Oudheden, Leiden; ©!!!)
Darius the Great on a relief from Persepolis, now at the National archaeological museum of Tehran (Iran). Photo Marco Prins..

Book three

Darius on a relief from the northern stairs of the Apadana of Persepolis (Archaeological museum, Tehran)
Sak‚ tigrakhaud‚. Relief from the eastern stairs of the Apadana at Persepolis. Photo Marco Prins.

Book four

Sak‚ tigrakhaud‚. Relief from
the eastern stairs of the
Apadana at Persepolis (more).
Vase painting of a hoplite. Koninklijke Musea voor Kunst en Geschiedenis, Brussel (Belgium). Photo Marco Prins.

Book five

A Greek soldier (hoplite
(KMKG, Brussel)
The tomb of the 192 Athenians at Marathon. Photo Marco Prins.

Book six

The Athenian tomb
at Marathon
Gold coin of Xerxes.

Book seven

Xerxes (©!!)
Bust of Themistocles. Museo Ostiense, Ostia antica (Italy). Photo Jona Lendering.

Book eight

Bust of Themistocles
(Museo Ostiense, Ostia; ©**)
View of the plain of Plataea, seen from Mount Cithaeron in the south. Photo Jona Lendering.

Book nine

Plataea (©**)

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