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Laodice I



Laodice I: Seleucid queen, wife of Antiochus II Theos.

Relatives:

Main deeds:

  • Laodice was the first wife of the Seleucid king Antiochus II. They had several children, listed above
  • 252: After the Second Syrian War, Antiochus II married to a daughter of Ptolemy II Philadelphus, Berenice Phernephorus; they have a son, Antiochus
  • Laodice, although no longer a queen, retains possessions near Cyzicus
  • 28 January 246: Death of Ptolemy II; Antiochus II repudiates Berenice, who stays in Antioch; Antiochus returns to his first wife Laodice I
  • Early July 246: Antiochus II dies in Ephesus, leaving a confused dynastic situation.
    • From his marriage with Laodice, he has two sons: Seleucus II Callinicus (immediately recognized as king) and Antiochus Hierax (co-ruler in Sardes); they live in Ephesus
    • From his second marriage, with Berenice, he has a five-year old son Antiochus; they live in Antioch
  • Late summer 246: the child Antiochus is killed by partisans of Laodice
  • September 246: King Ptolemy III Euergetes decides to avenge the son of his sister: outbreak of the Laodicean War or Third Syrian War.
  • He captures Seleucia and Antioch, but cannot prevent that Berenice is killed by the populace
  • December 246: Ptolemy proceeds to Babylon; he is still there in February 245, but is forced to return
  • 245: "Laodice" marries Mithridates II of Pontus; Phrygia is awarded to him as a marriage gift
  • During the reign of Seleucus II Callinicus, Laodice supports the revolt of Antiochus Hierax
  • Laodice appears to have died before 236

Literature

  • O.L. Gabelko & Yu.N. Kuzmin, "Matrimonial Policy of Demetrius II of Macedonia. New Solutions of Old Problems", in: Vestnik drevnej istorii 264 (2008) 141-164
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