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Legions: geographical overview

Chronological overview of legions; design Jona Lendering.
Chronological overview of legions
A Roman legion was an infantry  unit, which consisted of  heavily armed soldiers, equiped with shields, armor, helmets, spears and swords. In the early republic, the strength of a legion was about 3,000 men; there were 4,800 legionaries in the days of Julius Caesar; the twenty-five legions that defended the empire during the reign of Augustus counted more than 5,000. They were the backbone of the Roman army. However, in the third century, large cavalry units gradually superseded the legions.

There are two tables: the first one describes the imperial legions and mentions where they were stationed, the second describes the provinces and mentions the legions. Go here for a chronological catalogue.

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Legions and provinces

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I Adiutrix Italy Germania Superior Pannonia Superior Pannonia Superior
I Germanica Germania Inferior Germania Inferior disbanded 70
I Italica Gallia Lugdunensis Moesia Moesia Inferior Moesia Inferior
I Macriana Liberatrix Africa disbanded 70
I Minervia Germania Inferior Germania Inferior
I Parthica Mesopotamia
II Adiutrix Britannia Pannonia Inferior Pannonia Inferior
II Augusta Germania Superior Britannia Britannia Britannia Britannia
II Italica Noricum
II Parthica Italy
II Traiana Fortis Aegyptus Aegyptus
III Augusta Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa
III Cyrenaica Aegyptus Aegyptus Aegyptus Arabia Arabia
III Gallica Syria Moesia Syria Syria Syria Phoenicia
III Italica Raetia
III Parthica Mesopotamia
IIII Macedonica Hispania Tarracon. Germania Superior disbanded 70
IIII Flavia Felix Dalmatia Moesia Superior Moesia Superior
IIII Scythica Macedonia Syria Syria Syria Syria Coele
V Alaudae Germania Inferior Germania Inferior disbanded 70
V Macedonica Moesia Judaea Moesia Moesia Inferior Dacia
VI Ferrata Syria Syria Syria Palaestina Palaestina
VI Victrix Hispania Tarracon. Hispania Tarracon. Germania Inferior Britannia Britannia
VII Claudia Dalmatia Moesia Dalmatia? Moesia Superior Moesia Superior
VII Galbiana Pannonia
VII Gemina Hispania Tarracon. Hispania Tarracon. Hispania Tarracon.
VIII Augusta Pannonia Moesia Moesia Germania Superior Germania Superior
VIIII Hispana Pannonia Britannia Britannia disappears after 122
X Fretensis Syria Judaea Judaea Palaestina Palaestina
X Gemina Hispania Tarracon. Pannonia Germania Inferior Pannonia Superior Pannonia Superior
XI Claudia Dalmatia Moesia Germania Superior Moesia Inferior Moesia Inferior
XII Fulminata Syria Syria Cappadocia Cappadocia Cappadocia
XIII Gemina Germania Superior Pannonia Pannonia Dacia Dacia
XIV Gemina Germania Superior Dalmatia Germania Superior Pannonia Superior Pannonia Superior
XV Apollinaris Pannonia Judaea Pannonia Cappadocia Cappadocia
XV Primigenia Germania Inferior disbanded 70
XVI Gallica Germania Superior Germania Inferior disbanded 70
XVI Flavia Firma Syria Cappadocia Cappadocia
XVII destroyed 9
XVIII destroyed 9
XIX destroyed 9
XX Valeria Victrix Germania Inferior Britannia Britannia Britannia Britannia
XXI Rapax Germania Inferior Germania Superior Germania Inferior destroyed 92
XXII Deiotariana Aegyptus Aegyptus Aegyptus disappears after 119
XXII Primigenia Germania Superior Germania Superior Germania Superior Germania Superior
XXX Ulpia Victrix Germania Inferior Germania Inferior

Provinces and legions

 
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Hispania Tarracon. IIII Macedonica
VI Victrix
X Gemina
VI Victrix
X Gemina
VII Gemina VII Gemina VII Gemina
Britannia II Augusta
VIIII Hispana
XX Valeria Victrix
II Adiutrix
II Augusta
VIIII Hispana
XX Valeria Victrix
II Augusta
VI Victrix
XX Valeria Victrix
II Augusta
VI Victrix
XX Valeria Victrix
Gallia Lugdunensis I Italica
Germania Inferior I Germanica
V Alaudae
XX Valeria Victrix
XXI Rapax
I Germanica
V Alaudae
XV Primigenia
XVI Gallica
VI Victrix
X Gemina
XXI Rapax
XXII Primigenia
I Minervia
XXX Ulpia Victrix
I Minervia
XXX Ulpia Victrix
Germania Superior II Augusta
XIII Gemina
XIV Gemina
XVI Gallica
IIII Macedonica
XXI Rapax
XXII Primigenia
I Adiutrix
VIII Augusta
XI Claudia
XIV Gemina
VIII Augusta
XXII Primigenia
VIII Augusta
XXII Primigenia
Raetia III Italica
Noricum II Italica Pia
Pannonia Superior VIII Augusta
XV Apollinaris
XIII Gemina
XV Apollinaris
I Adiutrix
X Gemina
XIV Gemina
I Adiutrix
X Gemina
XIV Gemina
Pannonia Inferior VIIII Hispana XIII Gemina II Adiutrix II Adiutrix
Dalmatia VII Claudia
XI Claudia
XIV Gemina VII Claudia
Moesia Superior IIII Scythica XI Claudia
VIII Augusta
IIII Flavia IIII Flavia
VII Claudia
IIII Flavia
VII Claudia
Moesia Inferior V Macedonica VII Claudia
III Gallica
I Italica
V Macedonica
I Italica
XI Claudia
I Italica
XI Claudia
Dacia V Macedonica
XIII Gemina
V Macedonica
XIII Gemina
Cappadocia XII Fulminata XII Fulminata
XV Apollinaris
XVI Flavia
XII Fulminata
XV Apollinaris
XVI Flavia
Syria III Gallica
VI Ferrata
X Fretensis
XII Fulminata
IIII Scythica
VI Ferrata
XII Fulminata
III Gallica
IIII Scythica
VI Ferrata
XVI Flavia
III Gallica
IIII Scythica
III Gallica
IIII Scythica
Mesopotamia I Parthica
III Parthica
Judaea (until 136)
Palaestina (after 136)
V Macedonica
X Fretensis
XV Apollinaris
X Fretensis VI Ferrata
X Fretensis
VI Ferrata
X Fretensis
Arabia III Cyrenaica III Cyrenaica
Aegyptus III Cyrenaica
XXII Deiotariana
III Cyrenaica
XXII Deiotariana
III Cyrenaica
XXII Deiotariana
II Traiana Fortis II Traiana Fortis
Numidia III Augusta III Augusta III Augusta III Augusta III Augusta
Italia I Adiutrix II Parthica
 
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