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Assyrian Eponym List (2/3)

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Sargon II (r) and Sennacherib (l) on a relief from Khorsabad, now in the Louvre, Paris (France). Photo Marco Prins.
King Sargon II (right) and his crown prince Sennacherib (left) on a relief from Khorsabad, now in the Louvre, Paris.
Assyrian Eponym List: list Assyrian officials (the limmu's, or eponymous magistrates) whose names were given to the years. This list was the foundation of the chronology of ancient Assyria, and still is an important tool to reconstruct the chronology. Two parts remain, one dealing with the first quarter of the second millennium and one dealing with years 858-699.

On this page, you will find the third part of the youngest of these fragments, which was publised as text #9 in Jean-Jacques Glassner's Chroniques Mťsopotamiennes (1993; translated as Mesopotamian Chronicles, 2004). There are ten copies of this text, found in Nineveh, Sultan-Tepe, and A
ššur.The first part can be found here, and the other surviving Eponym List can be found here.

[750/749] During the eponymy of BÍl-dan, the chief butler, the king stayed in the land.
[749/748] During the eponomy of Šamaš-kenu-dugul, the chamberlain, campaign against Namri.
[748/747] During the eponomy of Adad-bela-ka'in, the governor of Aššur, campaign against Namri.
[747/746] During the eponomy of Sin-šallimanni, the governor of Rasappa, the king stayed in the land.
[746/745] During the eponomy of Nergal-nasir, the governor of Nisibis, revolt in Kalhu.
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[745/744] During the eponomy of NabŻ-bela-usur, the governor of Arrapha, in Ajaru, the thirteenth, Tiglath-pileser [III] ascended the throne. In TašrÓtu, he on Mesopotamia.[1]
[744/743] During the eponomy of BÍl-dan, the governor of Kalhu, campaign against Namri.
[743/742] During the eponomy of Tiglath-pileser, the king of Assyria, there was a massacre among the Urartians in Arpad.
[742/741] During the eponomy of NabŻ-da'inannil, the commander in chief, campaign against Arpad.
[741/740]During the eponomy of BÍl-Harran-bÍla-usur, the palace herald, campaign against the same; the city was taken after three years.
[740/739] During the eponomy of NabŻ-etiranni, the chief butler, campaign against Arpad.
[739/738] During the eponomy of Sin-taklak, the chamberlain, campaign against Ulluba; Birtu was captured
[738/737] During the eponomy of Adad-bÍla-ka'in, the governor of Aššur, Kullania was captured.
[737/736] During the eponomy of BÍl-emuranni, the governor of Rasappa, campaign against Media.
[736/735] During the eponomy of Inurta-ilaya, the governor of Nisibis, campaign at the foot of Mount Nal.
[735/734] During the eponomy of Aššur-šallimanni, the governor of Arrapha, campaign against Urartu.
[734/733] During the eponomy of BÍl-dan, the governor of Kalhu, campaign against Philistia.[2]
[733/732] During the eponomy of Aššur-da'inanni, the governor of Mazamua, campaign against Damascus.
[732/731] During the eponomy of NabŻ-bÍla-usur, the governor of Si'imme, campaign against Damascus.
[731/730] During the eponomy of Nergal-uballit, the governor of Ahizu-hina, campaign against Šapiya.
[730/729] During the eponomy of BÍl-lu-dari, the governor of Tille, the king stayed in the land.
[729/728] During the eponomy of Liphur-ilu, the governor of Habruri, the king took the hand of BÍl [and became king of Babylonia].
[728/727]During the eponomy of Dur-Aššur, the governor of Tušhan, the king took the hand of BÍl; the city of Hi[...] was captured.
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[727/726] During the eponomy of BÍl-Harran-bÍla-usur, the governor of Guzana, campaign against [...]. Šalmaneser [V] ascended the throne.
[726/725] During the eponomy of Marduk-bÍla-usur, the governor of Amedi, the king stayed in the land.
[725/724] During the eponomy of Mahde, the governor of Nineveh, campaign against [...].
[724/723] During the eponomy of Aššur-išmanni, the governor of Kalizi, campaign against [...].
[723/722] During the eponomy of Šalmaneser, the king of Assyria, campaign against [...].
[722/721] During the eponomy of Inurta-ilaya, the commander in chief.
[721/720] During the eponomy of NabŻ-taris, the governor of [...]ti.
[720/719] During the eponomy of Aššur-nirka-da'in, the governor of [...]ru.
[719/718] During the eponomy of Sargon [II], the king of Assyria entered [...].
[718/717] During the eponomy of Zeru-ibni, the governor of Rasappa, campaign against Tabal.
[717/716] During the eponomy of Tab-šar-Aššur, the chamberlain, Dur-Šarruken [the new capital of Assyria] was founded.
[716/715] During the eponomy of Tab-sil-Ešarra, the governor of Libbi-ali, campaign against Mannea.
[715/714] During the eponomy of Taklak-ana-bÍli, the governor of Nisibis, governors were appointed.
[714/713] During the eponomy of Ištar-duri, the governor of Arrapha, campaign against Urartu and Musasi; [the statue of the god] Haldi was deported.
[713/712]During the eponomy of Aššur-bani, the governor of Kalhu, the nobles fought at Ellipi; the god [...] entered his new temple, to Musasir.
[712/711] During the eponomy of šarru-emuranni, the governor of Mazamua,the king stayed in the land.
[711/710] During the eponomy of Inurta-alik-pani, the governor of Si'immel, campaign against Mar'aš.
[710/709] During the eponomy of Šamaš-bÍla-usur, the governor of Ahizuhina, campaign against Bit-zeri [against the Babylonian ruler Marduk-apla-iddina, who was defeated]; the king stayed in Kiš.
[709/708] During the eponomy of Mannu-ki-Aššur-le'i, the governor of Tille, Sargon took the hand of BÍl [and became king of Babylonia].
[708/707] During the eponomy of Šamaš-upahhir, the governor of Habruri, Kummuhu was captured; a governor was appointed.
[707/706] During the eponomy of Ša-Aššur-dubbu, the governor of Tušhan, the king returned from Babylon; the chief vizier, the nobles, the booty of Dur-Yakin was carried off; [...] Dur-Yakin was destroyed; in TašrÓtu, the twenty-second, the gods of Dur-Šarruken entered their temples.
[706/705]During the eponomy of Mutakkil-Aššur, the governor of Guzana, the king stayed in the land; the nobles were in Karalla; in Ajaru, the sixth, Dur-Šarruken was completed; [...] received.
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[705/704]During the eponomy of Nashru-BÍl, the governor of Amedi,  the king marched on Tabal; against Gurdi, the Kulummaean, [...] the king was killed; the camp of the king of Assyria [...] In Abu, the twelfth, Sennacherib, the king [started his reign?].
[704/703]During the eponomy of NabŻ-deni-epuš, the governor of Nineveh, to Larak and Sarrabanu; the palace of Kalizi was restored, in [...] the nobles afainst the Kulummaean.
[703/702] During the eponomy of Nuhšaya, the governor of Kalizi, campaign against [Babylonia?].
[702/701] During the eponomy of NabŻ-le'i, the governor of Arbela, campaign against [Hirimma and Hararatum?].
[701/700] During the eponomy of Hananu, the governor of Til-Barsip, [...] from Halzi [...]
[700/699] During the eponomy of Metunu, the governor of Isana, Aššur-nadin-šumi, the son of Sennacherib, [became king of Babylonia?] of the palace, in the city [...], great cedar logs, alabaster in Ammananum [...], in Kapri-Dagili [...] for [...] the king [...].
[699/698] During the eponymy of BÍl-šarrani, governor of Kurba'il,
Broken off

Note 1:
This campaign is described in ABC 1, a chronicle that describes the period from Nabu-Nasir to Šamaš-šuma-ukin.

Note 2:
In Israel, king Pekah was defeated, lost a large part of his kingdom, and was replaced by Hoshea (2 Kings 15.29).
© Jona Lendering for
Livius.Org, 2006
Revision: 29 March 2006
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