Ex libro I
in Italiam et res gestae. Ascani
regnum Albae et deinceps Silviorum. Numitoris
filia a Marte compressa nati Romulus et Remus. Amullius
a Romulo condita. Senatus
lectus. Cum Sabinis
opima Feretrio Iovi lata. In
curias populus divisus. Fidenates
Veientes victi. Romulus consecratus.
Numa Pompilius ritus sacrorum tradidit. Porta
Tullus Hostilius Albanos diripuit. Trigeminorum
Fufeti supplicium. Tullus
Ancus Marcius Latinos devicit, Ostiam
Tarquinius Priscus Latinos superavit,
circum fecit, finitimos devicit, muros et cloacas fecit.
Servio Tullio caput arsit. Servius
Tullius Veientes devicit et populum in classes divisit, aedem Dianae
Tarquinius Superbus occiso Tullio
regnum invasit. Tulliae scelus
in patrem. Turnus Herdonius per
Tarquinium occisus. Bellum cum
Vulscis. Fraude Sex. Tarquini
Gabi direpti. Capitolium inchoatum. Termonis
et Iuventae arae moveri non potuerunt. Lucretia
se occidit. Superbi expulsio. Regnatum
est annis CCLV.
From book 1
of Aeneas; his acts. Reign
of Ascanius at Alba and the Silvians after him. Romulus
and Remus born from a daughter of Numitor, raped by Mars. Amullius
founded by Romulus. Creation
of the Senate. War
with the Sabines. Supreme
booty given to Jupiter Feretrius. People
divided into curiae. Fidenates
and Veientans defeated. Consecration
Numa Pompilius organized the sacred
rituals. Gate of Janus
Tullus Hostilius seized part of
the land of the Albanians. Clash
of the triplets. Punishment of
Mettius Fufetius. Tullus consumed
Ancus Martius defeated the Latins,
Tarquinius Priscus overcame the
Latins, founded the Circus [Maximus], subdued the neighboring people,
built the walls and sewer
Flames near the head of Servius
Tullius. Servius Tullius defeated
the Veientans, divided the people in classes, and dedicated the
Having killed Tullius, Tarquinius
Superbus seized the kingdom. Crime
of Tullia against her father. Turnus
Herdonius killed by Tarquinius. War
against the Volscians. With a
stratagem, Sextus Tarquinius seized Gabii. Start
of the building of the Capitol. The
altars of Terminus and Juventus could not be moved. Lucretia
killed herself. Expulsion of Superbus
[510 VC]. The
monarchy had lasted 245 years.
Ex libro II
Brutus iureiurando populum adstrinxit,
neminem Romae regnare passuros. Tarquinium
Conlatinum, collegam suum, propter adfinitatem Tarquiniorum suspectum
consulatu se abdicare et civitate cedere. Bona
regum diripi iussit, agrum Marti consecravit; qui campus Martius
nobiles, in quibus
suos quoque et fratris filios, quia coniuraverant de recipiendis
securi percussit. Servo indici,
cui Vindicio nomen fuit, libertatem dedit. (Ex cuius nomine vindicta
Cum adversus reges, qui contractis
Veientum et Tarquiniensium copiis bellum intulerant, exercitum
in acie cum Arrunte, filio Superbi, commortuus est; eumque matronae
P. Valerius consul legem de provocatione
ad populum tulit. Capitolium dedicatum
Porsenna, Clusinorum rex, bello pro
Tarquiniis suscepto cum ad Ianiculum venisset, ne Tiberim transiret,
Coclitis Horati prohibitus est. Qui,
dum alii pontem Sublicium rescindunt, solus Etruscos sustinuit et ponte
rupto armatus in flumen se misit et ad suos transnavit. Accessit
alterum virtutis exemplum in Mucio. Qui
cum ad feriendum Porsennam castra hostium intrasset, occiso scriba,
regem esse existimaverat, comprehensus impositam manum altaribus, in
sacrificatum erat, exuri passus est dixitque tales CCC esse. Quorum
admiratione coactus Porsenna pacis condiciones ferre bellum omisit
obsidibus. Ex quibus virgo una
Cloelia deceptis custodibus per Tiberim ad suos transnavit et, cum
esset, a Porsenna honorifice remissa equestri statua donata est.
Adversus Tarquinium Superbum cum
Latinorum exercitu bellum inferentem Aulus Postumius dictator prospere
Appius Claudius ex Sabinis Romam
transfugit. Ob hoc Claudia tribus
adiecta est numerusque tribuum ampliatus est, ut essent XXI.
Plebs cum propter nexos ob aes alienum
in Sacrum Montem secessisset, consilio Meneni Agrippae a seditione
Agrippa cum decessisset,
propter paupertatem publico impendio elatus est. Tribuni
plebis quinque creati sunt.
Oppidum Vulscorum Corioli captum
est virtute et opera Cn. Marci, qui ob hoc Coriolanus
T. Latinius, vir de plebe, cum in
visu admonitus, ut de quibusdam religionibus ad senatum perferret, et
amisso filio pedibus debilis factus, postquam delatus ad senatum
eadem illa indicaverat, usu pedum recepto domum reversus est.
Cum Cn. Marcius Coriolanus, qui
in exilium erat pulsus, dux Vulscorum factus exercitum hostium urbi
et missi ad eum primum legati, postea sacerdotes frustra deprecati
ne bellum patriae inferret, Veturia mater et Volumnia uxor
ab eo, ut recederet.
Lex agraria primum lata est.
Spurius Cassius consularis regni
crimine damnatus est necatusque.
Opillia virgo Vestalis ob incestum
viva defossa est.
Cum vicini Veientes incommodi magis
quam graves essent, familia Fabiorum id bellum gerendum depoposcit
in id trecentos et sex armatos, qui ad Cremeram praeter unum ab
Appius Claudius cos. cum adversus
Vulscos contumacia exercitus male pugnatum esset, decimum quemque
Res praeterea adversus Vulscos et
Hernicos et Veientes et seditiones inter patres plebemque continet.
From book 2
made the people swear that they would never tolerate that someone would
be king in Rome. He
forced his colleague Tarquinius Collatinus, who was suspect because of
his relation to the Tarquinii, to give up consulate
and citizenship. He
ordered the possessions of the king to be destroyed, and dedicated the
land to Mars; it is called Field of Mars. He
ordered the decapitation of young noblemen, among whom were his own and
his brother's sons, because they had conspired to bring back the
slave who had denounced the conspiracy, whose name was Vindicius, was
freedom. (From his name, the word for release is
lead an army against the kings, who had started a war with the united
from Veii and Tarquinii, he died in a duel together with Arruns, the
of Superbus; the married women mourned for a year.
granted the people the right of appeal. The
Capitol was dedicated.
VC] When king Porsenna of Clusium, continuing the war on
of the Tarquinii, arrived on the Janiculum, he was unable to cross the
Tiber because of the bravery of Horatius
Cocles, who, when others destroyed
the wooden bridge, single-handed resisted the Etruscans and, when the
collapsed, jumped, still carrying his arms, into the river and swam to
his friends. Another example of
courage was that of Mucius
entered the enemy camp to kill Porsenna, but slew his scribe (whom he
to be the king), was arrested and held his hand on an altar, which was
used for sacrifices, let his hand burn and declared that there were
hundred men like him. Impressed
by their courage, Porsenna opened negotiations and put an end to the
when he received hostages. One
of them was a young woman named Cloelia, who deceived her guards, swam
to her relatives, and, when she had been sent back, was honorably
by Porsenna and received an equestrian statue.
[496 VC] Dictator
Aulus Postumius successfully fought against Tarquinius Superbus, who
the war with the army of Latins
[504 VC] Appius
Claudius migrated from the Sabines to Rome. Because
of this, the Claudian district was created, and the number of district
was expanded to twenty.
[494 VC] When,
because of the servitude of debtors, the plebs
seceded to the Holy Mountain, they came back from their rebellion after
receiving advise from Menenius Agrippa. When
this man died, he received a state funeral, because he was so
tribunes of the plebs were created.
[492 VC] Corioli,
a Volscian town, was captured by the talent and work of Gnaeus Marcius,
who was surnamed Coriolanus.
[491 VC] When
Titus Latinius, a plebeian, had been warned in a vision that he had to
inform the Senate about some religious affair, and neglected his duty,
he lost his son and his feet were lame, but when he was carried to the
Senate on a bed and informed them, he regained the command of his feet
and returned home.
[488 VC] When
Gnaeus Marcius Coriolanus, who had been exiled, was made leader of the
Volscians and led an enemy army against the city, first envoys were
then priests, begging him not to attack his own country, but he did not
return until his mother Veturia and wife Volumnia asked the same.
[486 VC] The
first agrarian bill was passed.
Former consul Spurius Cassius was
condemned for attempting to become king and was killed.
[484 VC] The
Vestal virgin Opillia [Oppia] was buried alive because of unchastity.
the neighboring Veientans became more irritating than dangerous, the
family asked to be charged with the war, and sent out three hundred and
six armed men, who were killed by the enemies near the river Cremera,
Appius Claudius unsuccessfully fought against the Volscians because his
army did not obey him, and ordered that one
of every ten soldiers should be killed with rods.
It [book 2] also contains accounts
of the wars against the Volscians, Hernicians, and Veientans, and the
between the patricians and the plebs.