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Livy: Periochae 6-7


Titus Livius or Livy (59 BCE - 17 CE): Roman historian, author of the authorized version of the history of the Roman republic. Many of the 142 books of  the History of Rome from its beginning are now lost; however, we do have an excerpt, the Periochae.

In the following text, years are not according to the common (Christian) era, but according to the Varronian chronology. In fact, this is not the system used by Livy (who seems to have had access to a better chronological system), and these years are added only because they can be found in many modern books. 

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Ex libro VI

Res adversus Volscos et Aequos et Praenestinos prospere gestas continet.

Quattuor tribus adiectae sunt, Stellatina, Tromentina, Sabatina, Arniensis.

M. Manlius, qui Capitolium a Gallis defenderat, cum obstrictos aere alieno liberaret, nexos exsolveret, crimine adfectati regni damnatus de saxo deiectus est. In cuius notam S.C. factum est, ne cui de Manlia gente Marco nomen esset.

C. Licinius et L. Sextius tribuni pl. legem promulgaverunt, ut consules ex plebe fierent -qui ex patribus creabantur- eamque cum magna contentione repugnantibus patribus, cum idem tribuni pl. per quinquennium soli magistratus fuissent, pertulerunt; et primus ex plebe consul L. Sextius creatus est.

Lata est et altera lex, ne cui plus quingentis iugeribus agri liceret possidere.

From book 6

It [book 6] contains an account of successful wars against the Volscans and Aequans.

[387 VC] Four voting districts were added, Stellatina, Tromentina, Sabatina, and Arniensis.

[384 VC] When Marcus Manlius, who had defended the Capitol against the Gauls, liberated those suffering from debts and paid their debts, he was condemned for the crime of aspiring to monarchy and thrown down from the [Tarpeian] rock. A senatorial decree was made, that no member of the Manlius family was to be called Marcus again.

[376 VC] Two tribunes of the plebs, Gaius Licinius and Lucius Sextius, proposed a law that one of the consuls might be a plebeian - they had [until then] been chosen from the patricians- and this law was after much struggle and in spite of patrician opposition, in which the tribunes were the sole magistrates for five years, finally accepted; [366 VC] the first plebeian consul was Lucius Sextius.

Another law was passed, that no one was permitted to possess more than five hundred iugera of land.

Ex libro VII

Duo novi magistratus adiecti sunt, praetura et curulis aedilitas.

Pestilentia civitas laboravit eamque insignem fecit mors Furi Camilli. Cuius remedium et finis cum per novas religiones quaereretur, ludi scaenici tunc primum facti sunt.

Cum dies L. Manlio dicta esset a M. Pomponio tribuno pl. propter dilectum acerbe actum et T. Manlium filium rus relegatum sine ullo crimine, adulescens ipse, cuius relegatio patri obiciebatur, venit in cubiculum tribuni strictoque gladio coegit eum in verba sua iurare, se non perseveraturum in accusatione.

Tunc omnia pretiosa missa sunt in praealtam voraginem urbis Romanae. In eam Curtius armatus sedens equo praecipitavit, et expleta est.

T. Manlius adulescens, qui patrem a tribunicia vexatione vindicaverat, contra Gallum provocantem aliquem ex militibus Romanis in singulare certamen descendit eique occiso torquem aureum detraxit, quem ipse postea tulit, et ex eo Torquatus vocatus est.

Duae tribus adiectae, Pomptina et Publilia.

Licinius Stolo lege lata damnatus est, quod plus quingentis iugeribus agri possideret.

M. Valerius tribunus militum Gallum, a quo provocatus erat, insidente galeae corvo et unguibus rostroque hostem infestante occidit et ex eo Corvi nomen accepit, consulque proximo anno, cum annos XXIII haberet, ob virtutem creatus est.

Amicitia cum Carthaginiensibus iuncta est.

Campani cum a Samnitibus bello urgerentur, auxilio adversus eos a senatu petito, cum id non impetrarent, urbem et agros populo R. dediderunt. Ob quam causam ea, quae populi R. facta essent, defendi bello adversus Samnites placuit. Cum ab Aulo Cornelio cos. exercitus in locum iniquum deductus in magno discrimine esset, P. Deci Muris tribuni militum opera servatus est. Qui occupato colle super id iugum, in quo Samnites consederant, occasionem consuli in aequiorem locum evadendi dedit; ipse ab hostibus circumsessus erupit.

Cum milites Romani, qui Capuae in praesidio relicti erant, de occupanda ea urbe conspirassent et detecto consilio metu supplici a populo R. defecissent, per M. Valerium Corvum dictatorem, qui consilio suo eos a furore revocaverat, patriae restituti sunt.

Res praeterea contra Hernicos et Gallos et Tiburtes et Privernates et Tarquinienses et Samnites et Vulscos prospere gestas continet.

From book 7

[366 VC] Two new magistracies were created, the praetorship and the curulian aedileship.

The people suffered from a plague, and the most important man to die was [Marcus] Furius CamillusThe best remedy and the end of the plague were found in a new religious spectacle, and for the first time a theatrical festival was organized.

[362 VC] When Lucius Manlius was summoned to appear at court by tribune of the plebs Marcus Pomponius because he had harshly conducted the levy and had sent his own son Titus Manlius to the country, although he had done nothing wrong, the young man himself, whose relegation was being used against his father, entered the bed room of the tribune with his sword drawn, and forced him to swear in words he dictated him not to continue the prosecution.

[362 VC] At this time, many precious objects were thrown into a large chasm in the city of Rome. Armed and seated on his horse, Curtius jumped into it, and it closed again. [More...]

[361 VC] The young Titus Manlius, who had relieved his father from prosecution by the tribunes, fought against a Gaul who had challenged any Roman soldier to a duel; having overcome his opponent, Manlius took his golden torque, which he was to carry afterwards, and he was therefore surnamed Torquatus.

[357 VC] Two new districts were created, Pomptina and Publilia.

Licinius Stolo was condemned because he had broken the law which forbade people to own more than five hundred iugera of land

[350 VC] Military tribune Marcus Valerius killed a Gaul, by whom he had been challenged, while a raven perched on the Roman's crest and attacked his opponent with his beak and talons; therefore, Valerius accepted the surname Corvus, the raven. Because of his valor, he was made consul in the next year, when he was twenty-three.

[348 VC] A treaty of friendship was concluded with Carthage.

[343 VC] The Campanians, who were hard pressed by the Samnites in a war, asked the Senate for help against them, and when they did not receive it, they surrendered their towns and country to the Roman people. Because of this and to defend that what was Roman, it was decided to go to war against the Samnites. When consul Aulus Cornelius had led his army into a difficult position and was in great danger, it was saved by the valor of military tribune Publius Decius Mus, who occupied a hill above the pass that had been blocked by the Samnites, which offered the consul an opportunity to withdraw to a more favorable position; and although Decius was encircled by enemies, he broke through.

[342 VC] When Roman soldiers, who had been left as garrison in Capua, conspired to seize the city and, fearing punishment when their crime was detected, revolted from the Roman people, they were brought to their senses by dictator Marcus Valerius Corvus, who restored them to their country.

It [book 7] also contains accounts of successful wars against the Hernicians, Gauls, Tiburtines, Privernates, Tarquinians, Samnites, and Volscians.

to the Periochae of books 8-10
 
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