|Ex libro XVI
et primordia urbis eorum referuntur.
Hieronem, regem Syracusanorum, auxilium Mamertinis ferendum senatus
cum de ea re inter suadentes ut id fieret, dissuadentesque contentio
transgressisque tunc primum mare exercitibus Romanis adversus Hieronem
saepius bene pugnatum. Petenti
pax data est.
conditum est. Censa
sunt civium capita CCCLXXXII milia CCXXXIIII.
Brutus munus gladiatorium in honorem defuncti patris primus edidit.
Poenos et Vulsinios prospere gestas continet.
|From book 16
offered of the origins of the Carthaginians
and the early history of their city.
Against them and against king Hiero of the
decided to offer help to the Mamertines.
There had been much debate between those for and against it. For the
time, the Romans crossed the sea with an army and they fought
against Hiero. 
he sued for peace, it was granted.
ceremony was performed by the censors.
382,234 citizens were registered.
To honor his
Decimus Junius Brutus was the first one to organize gladiatorial games.
was founded at Aesernia.
It [book 16]
contains accounts of successful wars against the Carthaginians and
|Ex libro XVII
a classe Punica circumventus et per fraudem, veluti in conloquium
adversus classem Poenorum prospere pugnavit, primusque omnium Romanorum
ducum navalis victoriae duxit triumphum. Ob
quam causam ei perpetuus quoque honos habitus est, ut revertenti a cena
tibicine canente funale praeferretur.
in Sardinia et Corsica contra Sardos et Corsos et Hannonem, Poenorum
cos. cum in locum a Poenis circumsessum temere exercitum duxisset, M.
tribuni militum, virtute et opera evasit, qui cum CCC militibus
facta hostes in se converterat.
victa classe cui praefuerat, a militibus suis in crucem sublatus est.
cos. victis navali proelio Poenis in Africam traiecit.
|From book 17
Gnaeus Cornelius was cornered by a Carthaginian navy and was captured
the pretext of negotiations.
Gaius Duillius successfully fought against the Carthaginian navy, and
the first Roman leader to celebrate a a naval triumph. Therefore,
he was given a lasting right to have himself accompanied by a torch
and a flutist when he returned home from dinner.
Lucius Cornelius [Scipio] fought successfully in Sardinia and Corsica
the Sardines, Corsicans and the Carthaginian commander Hanno.
Atilius Calatinus, carelessly led his troops to a place where they were
surrounded by Carthaginians, but escaped by the courage and energy of
military tribune Marcus Calpurnius, who made a sortie with 300 soldiers
and diverted the enemy's attention.
Carthaginian general Hannibal
was crucified by his own men after the navy he commanded had been
[Marcus] Atilius Regulus crossed to Africa after he had defeated the
in a naval battle [at Cape Ecnomus].
|Ex libro XVIII
in Africa serpentem portentosae magnitudinis cum magna clade militum
Et cum aliquot proeliis bene adversus Carthaginienses pugnasset,
ei a senatu prospere bellum gerenti non mitteretur, id ipsum per
ad senatum scriptas questus est, in quibus inter causas petendi
erat quod agellus eius a mercennariis desertus esset. Quaerente
deinde Fortuna ut magnum utriusque casus exemplum in Regulo proderetur,
arcessito a Carthaginiensibus Xanthippo, Lacedaemoniorum duce, victus
et captus est. Res
deinde a ducibus Romanis omnibus terra marique prospere gestas
primus ex plebe pontifex maximus creatus est.
P. Sempronius Sophus censores cum senatum legerent, XVI senatu
condiderunt, quo censa sunt civium capita CCXCVII milia DCCXCVII.
a Carthaginiensibus ad senatum ut de pace et (si eam non posset
de commutandis captivis ageret, et iureiurando adstrictus, rediturum se
Carthaginem, si commutari captivos non placuisset, utrumque negandi
senatui fuit, et cum fide custodita reversus esset, supplicio a
de eo sumpto periit.
|From book 18
Africa, [Marcus] Atilius Regulus killed a serpent of portentous
and suffered great losses among his soldiers. But although he had
successfully against the Carthaginians in several battles, the Senate
not send him a successor. He complained in a letter to the Senate, in
he compared his request to a piece of land that had been left by its
the person of Regulus, Fortuna wanted to to give an example of both
of fate: he was defeated and captured by Xanthippus, a Spartan leader
had been invited by the Carthaginians to support them. After
this, the Roman commanders pursued the war successfully on land and
although the effects were spoiled by shipwreck of the fleet.
was the first plebeian
to be made pontifex
Valerius Maximus and Publius Sempronius Sophus edited the list of
and removed sixteen members from the Senate. The
ceremony was performed and 297,797 citizens were registered.
sent Regulus to the Senate to conduct peace negotiations or (if he
not obtain peace) the exchange of prisoners. Although he was bound by
oath to return to Carthage if he did not obtain the exchange, he
the Senate against both proposals. When he returned to imprisonment, he
was executed by the Carthaginians.
|Ex libro XIX
rebus adversus Poenos prospere gestis speciosum egit triumphum, XIII
hostium et CXX elephantis in eo ductis. Claudius
Pulcher cos. contra auspicia profectus (iussit mergi pullos, qui cibari
nolebant) infeliciter adversus Carthaginienses classe pugnavit, et
a senatu iussusque dictatorem dicere Claudium Gliciam dixit, sortis
hominem, qui coactus abdicare se magistratu postea ludos praetextatus
primus dictator extra Italiam exercitum duxit. Commutatio
captivorum cum Poenis facta est.
sunt Fregenae, in agro Sallentino Brundisium.
conditum est. Censa
sunt civium capita CCXLI milia CCXII.
P. Claudi qui contemptis auspiciis male pugnaverat) a ludis revertens
turba premeretur, dixit: "utinam frater meus viveret: iterum classem
eam causam multa ei dicta est.
Duo praetores tunc primum creati
Caecilius Metellus, pontifex maximus,
A. Postumium consulem, quoniam idem et flamen Martialis erat, cum is ad
bellum gerendum proficisci vellet, in urbe tenuit nec passus est a
Rebus adversus Poenos a pluribus
ducibus prospere gestis, summam victoriae C. Lutatius cos. victa ad
insulas classe Poenorum imposuit. Petentibus
Carthaginiensibus pax data est.
Cum templum Vestae arderet, Caecilius
Metellus, pontifex maximus, ex incendio sacra rapuit.
Duae tribus adiectae sunt, Velina
|From book 19
Metellus fought successfully against the Carthaginians [commanded by Hasdrubal]
and organized a spectacular triumph, in which 13 enemy leaders and 120
elephants were to be seen. 
Claudius Pulcher fought without success against the Carthaginian navy
evil omens (he had ordered the holy chickens to be drowned if they
to eat). He was recalled by the Senate, ordered to appoint a dictator,
and chose Claudius Glicia, a man of the lowest kind. Although he was
to lay down his office, he afterwards attended the games in a
was the first dictator to lead an army out of Italy. Prisoners
were exchanged with the Carthaginians.
were founded at Fregenae and at Brundisium in the country of the
was celebrated by the censors.
241,212 citizens were registered.
of the Publius Claudius who had fought so badly after his contempt for
the omens) said, when she returned from the games and was hindered by
crowds: "Oh, that my brother were still alive and commanded a
of this, she was fined.
the first time, two praetors
Pontifex maximus Caecilius Metellus
kept consul Aulus Postumius, who was priest of Mars too, in the city
he wanted to set out to wage war. He was not allowed to ignore his
war against the Carthaginians was conducted successfully by several
The ultimate victory was won by consul Gaius Lutatius near the Aegatian
isles, where he defeated the Carthaginian navy. When
the Carthaginians sued for peace, it was granted.
When the temple of Vesta was burning,
Caecilius Metellus, the pontifex maximus, saved the holy objects from
Two voting districts were added,
called Velina and Quirina.
|Ex libro XX
sexto die perdomiti in deditionem venerunt.
tunc primum exercitus promotus est. Sardi
et Corsi cum rebellassent, subacti sunt.
incesti damnata est.
propter unum ex legatis, qui ad eos missi erant, occisum indictum est,
subactique in deditionem venerunt.
ampliatus est ut essent IIII.
qui in Italiam inruperant, caesi sunt. Eo
bello populum R. sui Latinique nominis DCCC milia armatorum habuisse
Romanis tunc primum trans Padum ductis Galli Insubres aliquot proeliis
fusi in deditionem venerunt. M.
Claudius Marcellus cos. occiso Gallorum Insubrium duce, Vertomaro,
Histri subacti sunt. Iterum
Illyrii cum rebellassent, domiti in deditionem venerunt.
Lustrum a censoribus ter conditum
lustro censa sunt civium
capita CCLXX milia CCXII. Libertini
in quattuor tribus redacti sunt, cum antea dispersi per omnes fuissent,
Esquilinam, Palatinam, Suburanam, Collinam. C.
Flaminius censor viam Flaminiam muniit et circum Flaminium exstruxit.
Coloniae deductae sunt in agro de
Gallis capto Placentia et Cremona.
|From book 20
revolted, they were subdued on the sixth day and their surrender was
A colony was
For the first
an army was sent out against the Ligures. 
the Sardines and Corsicans revolted, they were suppressed.
Tuccia was condemned for adultery.
was declared on the Illyrians after one of the envoys sent to them had
been killed. Being conquered, they surrendered.
number of praetors was doubled. Now there were four.
from across the Alps invaded Italy and were defeated. It
is said that during this war, the Roman people and its Latin allies
800,000 soldiers. 
the first time, Roman armies crossed the Po and the Gallic Insubres,
in battle, were defeated in a series of battles. They
Claudius Marcellus killed the leader of the Gallic Insubres,
and returned with the supreme booty.
Istrians were subdued. 
Illyrians revolted again, but were subdued. Their surrender was
Three times, the censors celebrated
the lustrum ceremony. On the
first occasion, 270,212 citizens were registered. Freed
slaves were registered in four voting districts: Esquilina, Palatina,
and Collina. (Until then, they had been divided more equally.) 
Gaius Flaminius built the Via Flaminia and constructed the Circus
Colonies were founded in the conquered
Gallic territories at Placentia and Cremona.