|Ex libro XXIII
Cannensis victoriae, Mago, Carthaginem missus anulos aureos corporibus
occisorum detractos in vestibulo curiae effudit, quos excessisse modii
mensuram traditur. Post
quem nuntium Hannon, vir ex Poenis nobilibus, suadebat senatui
ut pacem a populo Romano peterent, nec tenuit obstrepente Barcina
praetor ad Nolam, eruptione adversus Hannibalem ex oppido facta,
obsessum ita fame vexatum est ut lora et pelles scutis detractas et
inclusi essent. Nucibus
per Vulturnum amnem a Romanis missis vixerunt.
ordine hominibus CXCVII suppletus est.
a Gallis cum exercitu caesus est.
Cn. et P.
in Hispania Asdrubalem vicerunt et Hispaniam suam fecerunt.
Reliquiae Cannensis exercitus in
Siciliam relegatae sunt, ne decederent inde nisi finito bello.
Sempronius Gracchus cos. Campanos
Claudius Marcellus praetor Hannibalis
exercitum ad Nolam proelio fudit et vicit, primusque tot cladibus
Romanis meliorem spem belli dedit.
Inter Philippum, Macedoniae regem,
et Hannibalem societas iuncta est.
Praeterea in Hispania feliciter
a Publio et [Cnaeo Scipionibus, in Sardinia a]
Manlio praetore adversus
Poenos res gestas continet, a quibus Hasdrubal dux et Mago et Hanno
Exercitus Hannibalis per hiberna
ita luxuriatus est ut corporis animique viribus enervaretur.
|From book 23
BCE] The Campanians sided with Hannibal. Mago
was sent to Carthage
to bring the news of the victory at Cannae. At the entrance of the Senate
building, he poured out the golden rings taken from the bodies of those
killed in action; it is said that there were a great many of
this news, a Carthaginian nobleman named Hanno,
argued that the Carthaginian Senate should offer a peace treaty to the
Roman people, but he was unsuccessful because the faction of the
At Nola, praetor
Marcellus, made a sally against Hannibal, and was successful.
by the Carthaginians and the garrison suffered so much from hunger that
they ate thongs, the hides that they had removed from their shields,
even mice. They
survived on nuts that were sent down the Vulturnum by the Romans.
supplemented with hundred and seventeen new members of the equestrian
Postumius and his army were killed by the Gauls.
and Publius [Cornelius] Scipio defeated Hasdrubal
and made Hispania theirs.
The survivors of the army of Cannae
were sent to Sicily,
and were not to return before the end of the war.
Sempronius Gracchus defeated the Campanians.
Praetor Claudius Marcellus routed
and defeated the army of Hannibal near Nola, and gave the Romans, tired
by so many defeats, a better hope for the war.
treaty was concluded between king Philip[V]
It [book 23] also contains an account
of successful fights against the Carthaginians in Hispania, waged by
[and Gnaeus Cornelius Scipio, and on Sardinia by]
They captured general Hasdrubal, Mago, and Hanno.
In its winter camps, Hannibal's
army got so used to luxury, that it was weakened in mind and body.
|Ex libro XXIV
rex, cuius pater Hiero amicus populi R. fuerat, ad Carthaginiensis
et propter crudelitatem superbiamque a suis interfectus est.
Gracchus procos. prospere adversus Poenos et Hannonem ducem ad
pugnavit servorum maxime opera, quos liberos esse iussit. Claudius
Marcellus cos. in Sicilia, quae prope tota ad Poenos defecerat,
regi, bellum indictum est, qui ad Apolloniam nocturno bello obpressus
Macedoniam cum prope inermi exercitu profugit. Ad
id bellum gerendum M. Valerius praetor missus.
Hispania a P. et Cn. Scipionibus adversus Carthaginienses gestas
quibus Syphax, rex Numidiae, in amicitiam adscitus, qui a Masinissa,
rege, pro Carthaginiensibus pugnante, victus in Hispaniam ad Scipionem
cum magna manu transiit contra Gades, ubi angusto freto Africa et
in amicitiam recepti sunt. Quorum
auxiliis adscitis tunc primum mercennarium militem Romana castra
|From book 24
whose father Hiero had been a friend of the Roman people,
defected to the Carthaginians and was murdered because of his cruelty
Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus successfully fought against the
and their leader Hanno near Beneventum, receiving great help from
whom he ordered to be liberated. On
Sicily, which had almost completely transferred its loyalty to the
consul [Marcus] Claudius Marcellus besieged Syracuse.
against king Philip of Macedonia, who was surprised during a nocturnal
battle at Apollonia and was forced to flee to Macedonia with an almost
disarmed army. Praetor
Marcus Valerius was sent out to wage this war.
[book 24] also contains an account of the war fought in Hispania
the Carthaginians by Publius and Gnaeus [Cornelius] Scipio. They
received king Syphax
of Numidia as friend. He had been defeated by king Massinissa
of the Massylians, who fought for the Carthaginians, and had crossed,
a large army, to Scipio in Hispania near Gades, where Africa and
are separated by a narrow strait.
were received as friends too. When
their help had been invoked, for the first time, a Roman camp included
|Ex libro XXV
postea Africanus, ante annos aedilis factus.
Tarenton praeter arcem, in quam praesidium Romanorum fugerat, per
iuvenes, qui se noctu venatum ire simulabant, cepit.
ex Marci carminibus, quibus Cannensis clades praedicta fuerat,
A Q. Fulvio
Ap. Claudio coss. adversus Hannonem, Poenorum ducem, prospere pugnatum
Gracchus procos. ab hospite suo Lucano in insidias deductus a Magone
qui centurio militaverat, cum petisset a senatu ut sibi exercitus
pollicitusque esset, si hoc impetrasset, de Hannibale victoriam, VIII
acceptis militum dux factus conflixit acie cum Hannibale et cum
a Q. Fulvio et Ap. Claudio coss.
male adversus Hannibalem pugnavit. In
quo proelio XX milia hominum ceciderunt; ipse cum equitibus CC effugit.
Claudius Marcellus Syracusas expugnavit
tertio anno et ingentem virum gessit. In
eo tumultu captae urbis Archimedes intentus formis, quas in pulvere
P. et Cn. Scipiones in Hispania
tot rerum feliciter gestarum tristem exitum tulerunt, prope cum totis
caesi anno octavo quam in Hispaniam ierunt. Amissaque
eius provinciae possessio foret, nisi L. Marci, equitis Romani, virtute
et industria contractis exercituum reliquiis, eiusdem hortatu bina
hostium expugnata essent. Ad XXVII
milia caesa, ex mille octingentos, praeda ingens capta. Dux
Marcius appellatus est.
|From book 25
Scipio, later called Africanus, was made aedile
before he had reached the minimum age.
by a group of young Tarentines who pretended to go out hunting during
night, Hannibal captured Tarentum, except for the citadel, to which the
Roman garrison had escaped.
The Games of
were organized in accordance with the Oracles of Marcius, which had
the disaster at Cannae.
Fulvius and Appius Claudius successfully fought against the
Sempronius Gracchus, led into an ambush by his host in Lucania, was
who had served as a centurion, asked the Senate to give him an army and
promissed a victory over Hannibal if he received it, received eight
soldiers, was made general, engaged Hannibal, and was slain with his
by consuls Quintus Fulvius and Appius Claudius.
Fulvius unsuccessfully fought against Hannibal. Twenty
thousand men were killed in action, but he himself escaped with two
In the third year, [Marcus] Claudius
Marcellus took Syracuse, and behaved himself as a great man. In
the chaos of the captured city, Archimedes,
concentrated on the figures he had drawn in the sand, was murdered.
After many successes, Publius and
Gnaeus [Cornelius] Scipio met with a sad end in the eighth year after
arrival in Hispania, when they were massacred with almost their entire
of that province
would have been lost, had not the remnants of the armies been regrouped
by the valor and energy of Lucius Marcius [Septimus], a Roman knight,
who encouraged the soldiers and stormed two enemy camps. About
twenty-seven thousand were killed; thousand and eighty men and an
booty were captured Marcius was
surnamed Dux, Leader.