|Ex libro XXVI
lapidem ab urbe Roma super Anienem castra posuit. Ipse
cum duobus milibus equitum usque ad ipsam Capenam portam, ut situm
exploraret, obequitavit. Et
cum per triduum in aciem utrimque exercitus omnis descendisset,
tempestas diremit; nam cum in castra redisset, statim serenitas erat.
a Q. Fulvio et Appio Claudio coss. Principes
Campanorum veneno sibi mortem consciverunt. Cum
senatus Campanorum deligatus esset ad palos ut securi feriretur,
a senatu missas Q. Fulvius consul, quibus iubebatur parcere, antequam
in sinu posuit et lege agi iussit et supplicium peregit.
populum quaereretur cui mandaretur Hispaniarum imperium, nullo id
suscipere, P. Scipio (P. filius eius qui in Hispania ceciderat)
est se iturum; et suffragio populi consensuque omnium missus Novam
expugnavit, cum haberet annos XXIIII videreturque divina stirpe, quia
ipse, postquam togam acceperat, cotidie in Capitolio erat et in
matris eius anguis saepe videbatur.
in Sicilia continet et amicitiam cum Aetolis iunctam bellumque gestum
Acarnanas et Philippum, Macedoniae regem.
|From book 26
built his camp at the third milestone from Rome, near the
personally came up to the Porta Capena [=Collina]
with two thousand cavalry, to inspect the city's lie. And
when for three days the battle lines on both sides had been ready, a
broke off the engagement; when Hannibal had returned to his camp,
Quintus Fulvius and Appius Claudius. The
Campanian leaders killed themselves with poison. When
the Campanian senators
had been tied to the stakes to be decapitated, consul Quintus Fulvius
a letter from the Senate, in which he was ordered to be merciful, but
kept it in the fold [of his toga], and before he had read it, he had
ordered that the law was to be applied, and the executions had already
When at the
the people were asked who wanted the Spanish command and nobody dared
accept it, Publius [Cornelius] Scipio (the son of the Publius who had
in Hispania), announced that he would go; and having been sent by the
vote and general agreement, he captured New Carthage, and although he
only twenty-four, he appeared
to be a son of a
god, because from the moment he had accepted the toga, he was every day
in the [temple of Jupiter on the] Capitol, and often, a serpent had
seen in the bed room of his mother.
It [book 26]
contains accounts of the events on Sicily,
treaty of friendship with the Aetolians, and war against the
and king Philip[V]
|Ex libro XXVII
cum exercitu ab Hannibale ad Herdoneam caesus est. Meliore
eventu ab Claudio Marcello cos. adversus eundem ad Numistronem pugnatum
est. Inde Hannibal
nocte recessit. Marcellus
insecutus est et subinde cedentem pressit, donec confligeret. Priore
pugna Hannibal superior, sequenti Marcellus.
pater cos. Tarentinos per proditionem recepit.
T. Quintius Crispinus coss. speculandi causa progressi e castris
ab Hannibale circumventi sunt. Marcellus
occisus, Crispinus fugit.
conditum est. Censa sunt civium
capita CXXXVII milia CVIII; ex quo numero apparuit quantum hominum tot
proeliorum adversa fortuna populo R. abstulisset.
In Hispania ad Baeculam Scipio cum
Hasdrubale et Hamilcare conflixit et vicit. Inter
alia captum regalem puerum eximiae formae ad avunculum Masinissam cum
Hasdrubal, qui cum exercitu novo
Alpes transcenderat ut se Hannibali iungeret, cum milibus hominum LVI
est, capta V milia CCCC M. Livi cos. ductu, sed non minore opera Claudi
Neronis cos., qui, cum Hannibali oppositus esset, relictis castris ita
ut hostem falleret, cum electa manu profectus Hasdrubalem
Res praeterea feliciter a P. Scipione
in Hispania et a P. Sulpicio praetore adversus Philippum et Achaeos
|From book 27
Gnaeus Fulvius was defeated with his army by Hannibal. Consul
Marcellus fought with more success against the same opponent
at Numistro. Hannibal
retreated under cover of the night. Marcellus
pursued him, and inflicted damage upon the retreating army, until
engaged. In the
first battle, Hannibal was superior, but Marcellus in the second.
from treachery, consul Fabius Maximus the Elder recovered Tarentum.
consuls [Marcus] Claudius Marcellus and Titus Quinctius Crispinus, on a
reconnaissance mission, had advanced from their camp, they were
by Hannibal in an ambush. Marcellus
was killed, Crispinus escaped.
celebrated the lustrum
ceremony. 137,108 citizens were
registered. From this number, it is clear how many members of the Roman
people unfavorable Fortune had carried away in so many defeats.
Hispania, near Baecula, Scipio engaged and defeated Hasdrubal
and Hamilcar. Among those who
had been captured was an extraordinary beautiful boy of regal birth,
was sent to his uncle Massinissa,
with other presents.
who crossed the Alps with a new army to join Hannibal, was defeated
fifty-six thousand men, and five thousand four hundred were captured,
the command of consul Marcus Livius, but no less by consul Claudius
who, when he opposed Hannibal, left his camp in such fashion that he
his enemy, set out with an elite force, and overpowered Hasdrubal.
It [book 27] also contains an account
of the successful wars of Publius [Cornelius] Scipio in Hispania and
Publius Sulpicius against Philip [V of Macedonia] and the Achaeans.