|Ex libro XXVIII
prospere gestae a Silano, Scipionis legato, et ab L. Scipione fratre
Poenos, a P. Sulpicio procos. socio Attalo rege Asiae adversus
regem Macedonum, pro Aetolis referuntur.
Cum M. Livio
Claudio Neroni coss. triumphus decretus esset, Livius, qui in provincia
sua rem gesserat, quadrigis invectus est, Nero, qui in collegae
ut victoriam eius adiuvaret, venerat, equo secutus est, et in hoc
plus gloriae reverentiaeque habuit; nam et plus in bello quam collega
Ignis in aede
neglegentia virginis quae non custodierat, extinctus est; caesa est
P. Scipio in
cum Poenis debellavit XIIII anno eius belli, quinto post anno quam
praeclusisque in totum possessione provinciae eius hostibus Hispanias
et a Tarracone in Africam ad Syphacem, regem Massyliorum, transvectus
Gisgonis ibi cum eo in eodem lecto cenavit. Munus
gladiatorium in honorem patris patruique Carthagini Nova edidit, non ex
gladiatoribus, sed ex his qui aut in honorem ducis aut ex provocatione
descendebant; in quo reguli fratres de regno ferro contenderunt.
obpugnaretur, oppidani liberos et coniuges rogo extructo occiderunt et
se insuper praecipitaverunt.
gravi morbo inplicitus est, seditionem in parte exercitus motam,
discussit rebellantesque Hispaniae populos coegit in deditionem
amicitia facta cum Masinissa, rege Numidarum, qui illi auxilium, si in
Africam traiecisset, pollicebatur, cum Gaditanis quoque post discessum
inde Magonis, cui Carthagine scriptum erat ut in Italiam traiceret,
reversus consulque creatus.
Africam provinciam petenti, contradicente
Q. Fabio Maximo, Sicilia data est, permissumque ut in Africam
si id e re p. esse censeret. Mago,
Hamilcaris filius, a minore Baleari insula, ubi hiemaverat, in Italiam
|From book 28
BCE] It [book 28] tells about successes against the Carthaginians
in Hispania by Silanus, deputy of Scipio, and Scipio's brother Lucius;
and by proconsul
Sulpicius and king Attalus
[I Soter] of Asia, his ally, against king Philip[V]
on behalf of the Aetolians.
was decreed for consuls
Marcus Livius and Claudius Nero, Livius, in whose province
that battle was won, rode in a chariot with four horses, and Nero, who
had come to the province of his colleague to help him win the victory,
followed him on horseback; but in this fashion, he received more glory
and respect, because he had done more in the war than his
The fire in
temple of Vesta went out due to the neglect by one of the Virgins, who
did not keep watch over it; she was scourged.
completely shutting out the enemies and occupying the whole of
Publius [Cornelius] Scipio recovered the province an finally defeated
Carthaginians in the fourteenth year of the war, and in the fifth after
his arrival. From
he crossed to Africa and concluded a treaty with Syphax,
king of the Massylians [=Masaeisylians]. Hasdrubal,
the son of Gesco,
dined with him on the same bed. In
New Carthage, Scipio organized a gladiatorial contest to commemorate
father and uncle. But no gladiators took part: the fighters were men
descended into the arena to honor their commander or accept a
Two princes, brothers, contested the possession of a kingdom.
When the town
Gisia was besieged, the citizens killed their children and wives on a
they had constructed, and threw themselves into the fire.
out in a part of the army while Scipio himself was ill; when he
he suppressed it and forced the [remaining] Spanish nations into
also concluded a treaty of friendship with king Massinissa
of the Numidians, who promised him help when he should cross to Africa,
and he also made friends with the people of Gades after the departure
who had been ordered to go to Italy. Scipio returned to Rome and was
asked permission to go to Africa, but Quintus Fabius Maximus opposed
and Scipio therefore received
and permission to go to Africa if he thought this was for the benefit
the state. Hamilcar's
son Mago spent the winter on the smaller Balearic island, and crossed
|Ex libro XXIX
Ex Sicilia C.
in Africam a Scipione missus ingentem praedam reportavit et mandata
Scipioni exposuit querentis quod nondum exercitum in Africam
finitum victore Romano, quod Indebilis excitaverat; ipse in acie
Mandonius exposcentibus Romanis a suis deditus.
in Liguribus erat, ex Africa et militum ampla manus missa et pecuniae,
quibus auxilia conduceret, praeceptumque ut se Hannibali coniungeret.
in Bruttios traiecit et Locros pulso Punico praesidio fugatoque
est Romam a Pessinunte, oppido Phrygiae, carmine in libris Sibyllinis
pelli Italia alienigenam hostem posse, si mater Idaea deportata Romam
est autem Romanis per Attalum, regem Asiae. Lapis
erat, quem matrem deum incolae dicebant. Excepit
P. Scipio Nasica (Cn. filius eius qui in Hispania perierat), vir
a senatu iudicatus, adulescens nondum quaestorius, quoniam ita
iubebat ut id numen ab optimo viro exciperetur consecrareturque.
Locrenses legatos Romam miserunt,
qui de impotentia Plemini legati quererentur, qui pecuniam Proserpinae
sustulerat et liberos eorum ac coniuges stupraverat. In
catenis Romam perductus in carcere est mortuus.
Cum falsus rumor de P. Scipione
procos., qui in Sicilia erat, in urbem perlatus esset, tamquam is
missis ob hoc legatis a senatu qui explorarent an ea vera essent,
infamia Scipio in Africam permissu senatus traeicit.
Syphax, accepta in matrimonium filia
Hasdrubalis Gisgonis, amicitiam, quam cum Scipione iunxerat,
Masinissa, rex Massyliorum, dum
pro Carthaginiensibus in Hispania militat, amisso patre Gala de regno
per bellum saepe repetito aliquot proeliis a Syphace, rege Numidarum,
in totum privatus est, et cum CC equitibus exsul Scipioni se iunxit et
cum eo primo statim bello Hannonem, Hamilcaris filium, cum ampla manu
adventu Hasdrubalis et Syphacis, qui prope cum centum milibus armatorum
venerant, ab obsidione Uticae depulsus hiberna communiit.
Sempronius cos. in agro Crotoniensi
prospere adversus Hannibalem pugnavit.
Inter censores M. Livium et Claudium
Neronem notabilis discordia fuit. Nam
et Claudius collegae equum ademit, quod a populo damnatus actusque in
fuerat, et Livius Claudio, quod falsum in se testimonium dixisset et
non bona fide secum in gratiam redisset. Idem
omnes tribus (extra unam) aerarias reliquit, quod et innocentem se
et posthac consulem censoremque fecissent.
Lustrum a censoribus conditum est. Censa
sunt civium capita CCXIIII milia.
|From book 29
by Scipio from Sicily to Africa, brought back enormous booty and gave
Massinissa's messages, in which he complained that he had not yet sent
his army to Africa.
provoked a war in Hispania, it ended with a Roman victory; he himself
killed in action, and Mandonius was handed over by his relatives when
Romans asked for it.
Mago, who was
Albingaunum in Liguria, received many soldiers and money to hire
and was ordered to join Hannibal.
from Sicily to Bruttium and recaptured Locri by putting its
garrison to flight and routing Hannibal.
was concluded with Philip [V of Macedonia].
accordance with an oracle found in the Sibylline books, which stated
a foreign invader would be expelled if the Idaean Mother [Cybele] had
brought to Rome, the Idaean Mother was brought to Rome from the
town Pessinus. She
was given to the Romans by king Attalus [I Soter] of Asia. According
to the natives, the Mother of the gods was a stone. Because
the oracle had ordered that the deity had to be received and
by the best man, she was received by Publius [Cornelius] Scipio Nasica
(son of the Gnaeus who had perished in Hispania), who was judged by the
to be the best man, although he was young and had not even reached the
The Locrians sent envoys to Rome
to complain about the shocking behavior of Pleminius,
who had confiscated the money of Prosepina, and had outraged their
and wives [more...]. In
chains, he was sent to Rome, where he died in jail.
When a false rumor concerning proconsul
Publius [Cornelius] Scipio, who was on Sicily, circulated in the city,
concerning his life in luxury, the Senate sent envoys to investigate
truth of the rumor; Scipio was cleared of the accusation and with the
permission, he crossed to Africa.
Syphax, who had married a daughter
of Hasdrubal, son of Gesco, renounced his friendship with Scipio.
King Massinissa of the Massylians,
who had fought for the Carthaginians in Hispania, had been excluded
the kingship when he lost his father Gala. He
had repeatedly tried to regain it by war, but had in several battles
defeated by king Syphax of Numidia, and had lost everything. As an
he and two hundred cavalry joined Scipio, and with his help, Scipio
Hanno, the son of Hamilcar, together with many soldiers, right at the
of the war.When
and hundred thousand men approached, Scipio was forced to raise the
of Utica, and settle in a winter camp.
Consul Sempronius successfully fought
against Hannibal in the country of Croton.
There was a remarkable quarrel between
the two censors
Marcus Livius and Claudius Nero. Because
on the one hand, Claudius took away the [public] horse from his
because he had once been condemned and had been exiled by the people,
on the other hand Livius did the same to Claudius, because he had
falsely about him and had been insincere when they had been
also registered all districts (except for one) as tax payers of the
order, because they had once condemned him, although he had been
and they had later made him consul and censor.
The censors celebrated the lustrum
ceremony. 214,000 citizens were
|Ex libro XXX
Carthaginienses et eumdem Syphacem, Numidiae regem, Hasdrubalemque
proeliis vicit adiuvante Masinissa, bina hostium castra expugnavit, in
quibus XL milia hominum ferro ignique consumpta sunt. Syphacem
per C. Laelium et Masinissam cepit.
uxorem Syphacis, filiam Hasdrubalis, captam statim adamavit et nuptiis
factis uxorem habuit; castigatus a Scipione venenum ei misit, quo illa
Scipionis victoriis ut Carthaginienses in desperationem acti in
publicae salutis Hannibalem evocarent. Isque
anno XVI Italia decedens in Africam traiecit temptavitque per
pacem cum Scipione componere, et cum de condicionibus pacis non
acie victus est.
petentibus data est. Hannibal
Gisgonem pacem dissuadentem manu sua detraxit, excusata deinde
facti ipse pacem suasit.
Scipio amplissimum nobilissimumque egit triumphum, quem Q. Terentius
senator pilleatus secutus est. Scipio
incertum militari prius favore an populari aura ita cognominatus
certe hic imperator victae nomine a se gentis nobilitatus est.
Mago bello quo in agro Insubrum
cum Romanis conflixerat vulneratus, dum in Africam per legatos
revertitur, ex vulnere mortuus est.
|From book 30
Africa, Scipio, aided by Massinissa, defeated the Carthaginians, the
king Syphax of Numidia, and Hasdrubal in several engagements, and
two camps. Forty thousand people were killed by fire and
was captured by Gaius Laelius and Massinissa.
fell in love with Sophoniba,
the capive wife of Syphax and daughter of Hasdrubal, married her and
her as his wife; he was rebuked by Scipio, sent her poison, she drank
many victories, the desperate Carthaginians recalled Hannibal to
the state. 
the sixteenth year of his invasion of Italy, he withdrew, crossed to
and tried to organize a peace conference with Scipio, and when they
not agree about the peace conditions, he was defeated in battle.
sued for peace, it was granted. When
Gesco tried to dissuade the people from the peace, Hannibal pulled him
down with his hand, apologized for his behavior, and argued for peace.
given back his kingdom.
he had returned to the city, Scipio celebrated a very large and
triumph, followed by the senator Quintus Terentius Culleo, who wore a
is unclear whether Scipio
received the surname Africanus from his popularity
with the soldiers
or from the fickle favor of the people, but
he certainly was the first commander to receive a surname derived from
the conquered nation.
In the country of the Insubres,
Mago was wounded in a war against the Romans, was recalled to Africa by
envoys, but died from his wound during the return voyage.