|Ex libro XXXI
Macedoniae regem, quod intermissum erat, repetiti causae referuntur
initiorum duo iuvenes Acarnanes, qui non erant initiati, Athenas
et in sacrarium Cereris cum aliis popularibus suis
hoc, tamquam summum nefas commisissent, ab Atheniensibus occisi
mortibus suorum commoti ad vindicandos illos auxilia a Philippo
et Athenas obpugnaverunt, Athenienses auxilium a Romanis petierunt post
pacem Carthaginiensibus datam paucis mensibus. Cum
Atheniensium, qui a Philippo obsidebantur, legati auxilium a senatu
et id senatus ferendum censuisset plebe, quod tot bellorum continuus
gravis erat, dissentiente, tenuit auctoritas patrum ut sociae civitati
ferri opem populus quoque iuberet.
Id bellum P.
cos. mandatum est qui exercitu in Macedoniam ducto equestribus proeliis
prospere cum Philippo pugnavit. Aboedeni
a Philippo obsessi ad exemplum Saguntinorum suos seque occiderunt.
Gallos Insubres rebellantes et Hamilcarem Poenum bellum in ea parte
molientem acie vicit. Hamilcar
eo bello occisus est et milia hominum XXXV.
Praeterea expeditiones Philippi
regis et Sulpici cos. expugnationesque urbium ab utroque factas
cos. bellum gerebat adiuvantibus rege Attalo et Rhodiis.
Triumphavit de Gallis L. Furius
|From book 31
The causes of
renewal of the war against king Philip
[V] of Macedonia
are reported as follows. At
the time of the initiations, two young uninitiated Acarnanians went to
Athens and [by mistake] entered the sanctuary of Ceres with other
of this, as if they had committed the supreme sacrilege, they were
by the Athenians. The
Acarnanians were upset by the death of their compatriots, asked help
Philip to avenge them, and attacked Athens; and the Athenians invoked
help, a few months after the peace with the Carthaginians.  When
the envoys of the Athenians, who were besieged by Philip, asked for
from the Senate,
and the Senate wanted to support them, the people, tired of the endless
labor of so many wars, disagreed, but the senators' point of view
because of their authority, and the people agreed to support an allied
war was waged by consul
Publius Sulpicius, who led his army to Macedonia and successfully
equestrian battles with Philip. Besieged
by Philip, the inhabitants of Abydus
followed the example of the Saguntines and killed themselves.
In a battle, praetor
Lucius Furius defeated the rebellious Gallic Insubres and the
who was trying to create a war in that part of Italy. With
thirty-five thousand men, Hamilcar was killed.
It [book 31] also contains accounts
of expeditions by king Philip and consul Sulpicius, and the capture of
towns by these two men. Consul
Sulpicius waged war with the help of king Attalus
[I Soter of Pergamon] and the Rhodians.
Lucius Furius [Purpureo] triumphed over the Gauls.
|Ex libro XXXII
ex diversis regionibus nuntiata referuntur, inter quae in Macedonia in
puppe longae navis lauream esse natam. T.
Quintius Flamininus cos. adversus Philippum feliciter pugnavit in
Epiri fugatumque coegit in regnum reverti. Ipse
Thessaliam, quae est vicina Macedoniae, sociis Aetolis et Athamanibus
L. Quintius Flamininus (frater consulis) navali proelio Attalo rege et
Rhodiis adiuvantibus Euboeam et maritimam oram. Achaei
in amicitiam recepti sunt.
ampliatus est, ut seni crearentur.
facta de solvendis Carthaginiensium obsidibus oppressa est, duo milia D
cos. Gallos Insubres proelio fudit.
et tyranno eorum Nabide amicitia iuncta est.
urbium in Macedonia referuntur.
|From book 32
from various countries, are mentioned, among which is the growth of bay
laurel on the afterdeck of a warship in Macedonia.  In
a pass in Epirus, consul Titus Quinctius Flamininus successfully fought
against Philip and forced him to flee and return to his
kingdom.  Flamininus
himself, assisted by the Aetolian and Athamanian allies, fought in
which is close to Macedonia, while Lucius Quinctius Flamininus (the
brother), assisted by king Attalus [I Soter of Pergamon] and the
fought a naval battle near Euboea and the sea coast. The
Achaeans were received as friends.
The number of
was expanded; six were elected.
conspiracy by slaves to liberate the Carthaginian hostages was
. Two thousand five hundred were killed.
Cornelius Cethegus defeated the Gallic Insubres in battle.
and their tyrant
Nabis, a treaty of friendship was concluded.
It [book 32]
contains accounts of the capture of towns in Macedonia.
|Ex libro XXXIII
procos. cum Philippo ad Cynoscephalas in Thessalia acie victo
Quintius Flamininus, ille frater procos., Acarnanas, Leucade urbe (quod
caput est Acarnanum) expugnata, in deditionem accepit.
Graecia liberata data est.
ob subitam valetudinem Pergamum translatus decessit.
praetor ab Celtiberis cum exercitu caesus est.
et Claudius Marcellus coss. Boios et Insubres Gallos
in Africa bellum molitus et ob hoc Romanis per epistulas ab adversae
principibus delatus propter metum Romanorum, qui legatos ad senatum
de eo miserant, profugus ad Antiochum, Syriae regem, se contulit bellum
adversus Romanos parantem.
|From book 33
Titus Quinctius Flamininus decisively defeated Philip at Cynoscephalae in
proconsul's brother Lucius Quinctius Flamininus captured the city of
(the capital of the Acarnanians), and accepted the surrender of the
Philip demanded peace, Greece was given liberty.
Attalus [I Soter], being brought to Pergamon because of an acute
Tuditanus was killed with his army by the Celtiberians.
Lucius Furius Purpureo and Claudius Marcellus subdued the Gallic Boians
and Insubres. Marcellus
celebrated a triumph.
who had in vain tried to provoke war in Africa and was for this reason
denounced by letters from the leaders of an opposing faction to the
who sent envoys to the Carthaginian Senate, fled to king Antiochus
[III the Great] of Syria,
who was preparing a war against the Romans.
|Ex libro XXXIV
C. Oppius trib. pl. bello Punico de finiendis matronarum cultibus
cum magna contentione abrogata est, cum Porcius Cato auctor fuisset ne
ea lex aboleretur.
profectus bello, quod Emporiis orsus est, citeriorem Hispaniam pacavit.
bellum adversus Lacedaemonios et tyrannum eorum, Nabidem, prospere
data his pace, qualem ipse volebat, liberatisque Argis, qui sub dicione
tyranni erant, finiit.
Hispania et adversus Boios et Insubres Gallos feliciter gestae
secretus a populo ludos spectavit. Id
ut fieret, Sextus Aelius Paetus et Cn. Cornelius Cethegus censores
cum indignatione plebis.
ex Hispania triumphavit.
qui Philippum, Macedonum regem, et Nabidem, Lacedaemoniorum tyrannum,
Graeciamque omnem liberaverat, ob hoc triduo triumphavit.
Legati Carthaginiensium nuntiaverunt
Hannibalem, qui ad Antiochum confugerat, bellum cum eo moliri. Temptaverat
autem Hannibal per Aristonem Tyrium sine litteris Carthaginem missum ad
bellandum Poenos concitare.
|From book 34
The Lex Oppia,
of the plebs
Gaius Oppius had carried during the Punic War to regulate the luxuries
of women, was repealed, although Porcius Cato proposed that the law was
not to be revoked.
had proceeded to Hispania to a war that had originated in Emporiae,
he pacified Hispania Citerior.
Flamininus terminated the war successfully waged against the Spartans
their tyrant Nabis, giving them the peace they wanted, and liberating
inhabitants of Argos, who had been ruled by a tyrant.
It [book 34]
successful wars in Hispania and against the Boians and the Gallic
For the first
the senators watched the Games, separated from the rest of the
was done on the initiative of censors
Sextus Aelius Paetus and Gnaeus Cornelius Cethegus, to the indignation
of the populace.
Porcius Cato celebrated a triumph over Hispania.
Flamininus, who had defeated king Philip [V] of Macedonia and Nabis,
tyrant of Sparta, and had liberated all of Greece, celebrated a triumph
that lasted three days.
Carthaginian envoys reported that
Hannibal, who had fled to [the Seleucid
king] Antiochus [III the Great], was preparing a war with the
on the other hand, tried to incite the Carthaginians to wage war by
Ariston of Tyre, without letters, to Carthage.
|Ex libro XXXV
legatus ad Antiochum missus Ephesi cum Hannibale, qui se Antiocho
conlocutus est, ut si fieri posset, metum ei, quem ex populo R.
alia cum quaereret quem fuisse maximum imperatorem Hannibal crederet,
Alexandrum, Macedonum regem, quod parva manu innumerabiles exercitus
quodque ultimas oras, quas visere supra spem humanam esset,
deinde, quem secundum poneret, "Pyrrhum", inquit, "castra metari primum
docuisse, ad hoc neminem loca elegantius cepisse, praesidia
tertium diceret, semet ipsum dixit. Ridens
Scipio: "quidnam tu diceres," inquit, "si me vicisses?"
inquit, "et ante Alexandrum et ante Pyrrhum et ante alios posuissem."
quae plurima fuisse traduntur, bovem Cn. Domitii cos. locutam "Roma
tyrannus, incitatus ab Aetolis, qui et Philippum et Antiochum ad
bellum populo R. sollicitabant, a populo R. descivit, sed bello
Philopoemenen, Achaeorum praetorem, gesto ab Aetolis interfectus
quoque ab amicitia populi R. defecerunt. Cum
societate iuncta Antiochus, Syriae rex, bellum Graeciae intulisset,
urbes occupavit, inter quas Chalcidem et totam Euboeam.
Res praeterea in Liguribus gestas
et adparatum belli ab Antiocho continet.
|From book 35
To take away,
possible, the fear Hannibal still inspired in the Roman people, Publius
[Cornelius] Scipio Africanus, who was sent as an envoy to [king]
[III the Great], spoke to Hannibal, who had joined Antiochus, in Ephesus. When
he asked him, among other things, who he considered to be the greatest
general, he replied that this was king Alexander
[the Great] of Macedonia, because with a small army, he had routed
armies, and had reached the furthest coasts, which are beyond human
to see. Asking
who he believed was the second, he replied "Pyrrhus,
who taught us how to built a camp; until now, no one has ever chosen
positions or built better fortifications".
and asked who was the third, Hannibal mentioned
a smile, Scipio asked, "What would you have said if you had defeated
Hannibal replied, "I would have placed myself before Alexander and
of which many are reported, was a cow that is said to have spoken to
Gnaeus Domitius, "Take care, Rome!"
the tyrant of the Spartans, abandoned, on the instigation of the
who wanted to invite both [king] Philip [V of Macedonia] and Antiochus
to wage war against the Roman people, his alliance with the Romans, but
was killed by the Aetolians during the war he waged against
the leader of the Achaeans. The
Aetolians abandoned their alliance with Rome too. After
concluding an alliance, king Antiochus of Syria invaded Greece and
many cities, including Chalcis and the whole of Euboea.
It [book 35] also contains wars
in Liguria and the preparations for the war provoked by Antiochus.