|Ex libro XXXVI
cos. Antiochum ad Thermopylas Philippo rege adiuvante victum Graecia
idemque Aetolos subegit.
Nasica cos. aedem Matris deum, quam ipse in Palatium intulerat, vir
a senatu iudicatus, dedicavit. Idemque
Boios Gallos victos in deditionem accepit, de his triumphavit.
certamina prospera adversus praefectos Antiochi regis referuntur.
|From book 36
BCE] With the help of king Philip
[V of Macedonia],
Acilius Glabrio defeated [the Seleucid]
[III the Great] at Thermopylae, expelled him from Greece, and subdued
Cornelius Scipio Nasica, who had been judged to be the best by the Senate,
dedicated the shrine of the Mother of the gods [Cybele], who he himself
had brought to the Palatine. He
also accepted the surrender of the defeated Gallic Boians, and
It [book 36]
contains an account of a successful naval engagement against the
of king Antiochus.
|Ex libro XXXVII
cos. legato Scipione Africano fratre (qui se legatum fratris futurum
si ei Graecia provincia decerneretur, cum C. Laelio, qui multum in
poterat, ea provincia dari videretur) profectus ad bellum adversus
regem gerendum, primus omnium Romanorum ducum in Asiam traiecit.
regiam classem Antiochi feliciter pugnavit ad Myonnesum Rhodiis
captus ab Antiocho patri remissus est.
ab L. Cornelio Scipione adiuvante Eumene, rege Pergami, Attali filio,
data est ea condicione ut omnibus provinciis citra Taurum montem
Cornelius Scipio, qui cum Antiocho debellaverat, cognomine fratri
Antiochus victus erat, regnum ampliatum. Rhodiis
quoque, qui et ipsi iuverant, quaedam civitates concessae.
qui praefectos Antiochi navali proelio devicerat, navalem triumphum
Acilius Glabrio de Antiocho, quem Graecia expulerat, et de Aetolis
|From book 37
Lucius Cornelius Scipio, with his brother Scipio Africanus as deputy
Gaius Laelius, who had much influence in the Senate, seemed to receive
Africanus had announced that he would be his brother's deputy if Greece
would be his province) proceeded to wage war against king Antiochus
the Great], and was the first of all Roman commanders to cross to Asia.
Regillus, aided by the Rhodians, successfully fought against Antiochus'
A son of
Africanus was captured by Antiochus and sent back to his father.
Antiochus was defeated by Lucius Cornelius Scipio, who received help
[II Soter] of Pergamon, the son of Attalus.
Peace was granted on the condition that all provinces on this side of
mountains would be ceded. Lucius
Cornelius Scipio, who had defeated Antiochus, was made equal to his
with the surname Asiaticus.
of Bononia was founded.
kingdom of Eumenes, with whose help Antiochus had been defeated, was
the Rhodians, who had also assisted, certain towns were given.
who had defeated the admiral of Antiochus' navy, celebrated a naval
Acilius Glabrio celebrated a triumph over Antiochus, whom he had
from Greece, and the Aetolians.
|Ex libro XXXVIII
in Epiro Ambracienses obsessos in deditionem accepit, Cephallaniam
Aetolis perdomitis pacem dedit.
collega eius, Gallograecos (Tolostobogios et Tectosagos et Trocmos) qui
Brenno duce in Asiam transierant, cum soli citra Taurum montem non
origo, et quo modo ea loca, quae tenent, occupaverint, refertur.
virtutis et pudicitiae in femina traditur. Quae
cum regis Gallograecorum uxor fuisset, capta centurionem, qui ei vim
conditum est. Censa
sunt civium capita CCLVIII milia CCCX.
Cappadociae rege, amicitia iuncta est.
X legatis, ex quorum consilio foedus cum Antiocho conscripserat, de
acta pro se in senatu causa triumphavit.
Scipio Africanus die ei dicta (ut
quidam tradunt) a Q. Petilio tr. pl. (ut quidam a Naevio) quod praeda
Antiocho capta aerarium fraudasset, postquam is dies venit, evocatus in
rostra: "hac die," inquit, "Quirites, Carthaginem vici," et prosequente
populo Capitolium escendit. Inde
ne amplius tribuniciis iniuriis vexaretur, in voluntarium exilium
concessit. (Incertum ibi an Romae
defunctus sit; nam monumentum eius utrobique fuit.)
L. Scipio Asiaticus, frater Africani,
eodem crimine peculatus accusatus damnatusque cum in vincula et
duceretur, Tib. Sempronius Gracchus tr. pl., qui antea Scipionibus
fuerat, intercessit et ob id beneficium Africani filiam duxit.
Cum quaestores in bona eius publice
possidenda missi essent, non modo in his ullum vestigium pecuniae
apparuit, sed ne quaquam tantum redactum, quantae summae erat
a cognatis et amicis innumerabilem pecuniam accipere noluit; quae
ei erant ad cultum, redempta.
|From book 38
Marcus Fulvius [Nobilior] accepted the surrender of the besieged
subdued Cephallania, and granted peace to the defeated Aetolians.
Gnaeus Manlius defeated the Gallograecians [Galatians] (the
Tectosages, and Trocmians) who had been brought to Asia by Brennus and
were the only ones on this side of the Taurus who not obeyed. There
is [in book 38] an account of their origin and the way in which they
An example of
virtue and chastity is given. Once,
the wife of a Gallograecan king killed the centurion who had captured
and wanted to rape her.
of the state was celebrated by the censors.
258,310 citizens were registered.
A treaty of
was concluded with king Ariarathes
deputies according to whose advise he had concluded a treaty with
Antiochus [III the Great] were against it, Gnaeus Manlius, after
his behavior in the Senate, celebrated a triumph over the
On the appointed day, [Publius Cornelius]
Scipio Africanus, who was summoned to court (as some say) by tribune
of the plebs
Quintus Petilius (or Naevius, according to others) because he had
the public treasury by taking too much of Antiochus' booty, went to the
Rostra and declared: "On this day, Romans, I defeated Carthage",
and climbed to the Capitol, followed by the populace. After
this, he went into voluntary exile to Liternum, to be sure that he
not suffer from the unjust attacks of the tribunes. (It
is unclear whether he was buried there or in Rome, because there are
on both sites.)
Lucius [Cornelius] Scipio Asiaticus,
the brother of Africanus, was accused of the same criminal peculation,
condemned, put in chains, and conducted to the prison, but tribune
Sempronius Gracchus, who had until then been an enemy of the Scipiones,
intervened and married -because of this- a daughter of Africanus.
When the quaestors
were sent out to confiscate Asiaticus' possessions for the state, they
did not find any trace of the king's money, and were also unable to
the money for which he had been fined. He
refused to accept the enormous sum of money collected by his relatives
and friends; and even what he needed for living, he returned.
|Ex libro XXXIX
Liguribus subactis viam Placentia usque Ariminum productam Flaminia
in urbem introducta ab exercitu Asiatico referuntur.
citra Appenninum erant, subacti sunt.
Graecum et nocturnum, omnium scelerum seminarium, cum ad ingentis
coniurationem pervenisset, investigatum et multorum poena sublatum est.
Valerio Flacco et M. Porcio Catone (et belli et pacis artibus maximo)
est senatu L. Quintius Flamininus, T. frater, eo quod, cum Galliam
consul obtineret, rogatus in convivio a Poeno Philippo, quem amabat,
nobili, Gallum quemdam sua manu occiderat sive, ut quidam tradiderunt,
unum ex damnatis securi percusserat rogatus a meretrice Placentina,
amore deperibat. (Extat
oratio M. Catonis in eum.)
decessit et, tamquam iungente fortuna circa idem tempus duo funera
virorum, Hannibal a Prusia, Bithyniae rege, ad quem victo Antiocho
cum dederetur Romanis, qui ad exposcendum eum T. Quintium Flamininum
veneno mortem consciit. Philopoemen
quoque, dux Achaeorum, vir maximus, a Messeniis occisus veneno, cum ab
his in bello captus esset.
et Pisaurum et Mutina et Parma deductae sunt.
Praeterea res adversus Celtiberos
prospere gestas et initia causasque belli Macedonici continet. Cuius
origo inde fluxit, quod Philippus aegre ferebat regnum suum a Romanis
et quod cogeretur a Thracibus alisque locis praesidia deducere.
|From book 39
he had defeated the Ligurians, consul Marcus Aemilius built a road from
Placentia to Ariminum, where it joined the Via Flaminia.
There is an
of the beginning of luxury, which was introduced into the city by the
of [Lucius Cornelius Scipio] Asiaticus.
live on this side of the Apennines were subdued.
Bacchanals, a Greek and nocturnal rite and the source of all evil, were
suppressed when many people were involved in this conspiracy. After the
investigation, many people were punished.
censors Lucius Valerius Flaccus and Marcus Porcius Cato (a remarkable
in times of war and times of peace) removed from the Senate Lucius
Flamininus, the brother of Titus, because he had, when he had been in
province of Gaul as consul, on request of his lover, the well-known
Philip of Carthage, personally killed a certain Gaul, or, as some say,
had beheaded a condemned criminal to please the courtesan Placentina,
whom he was deadly in love. (The
speech by Marcus [Porcius] Cato] still exists.)
if Fortune wanted to unite two remarkable men with their funerals,
died in Liternum, and Hannibal
poisoned himself at the same time. After Antiochus [III the Great] had
been defeated, Hannibal had fled to king Prusias [I the Lame] of
who wanted to hand him over to the Romans, who had sent Titus Quinctius
the leader of the Achaeans and a great man, was also poisoned, by the
who had captured him during a war.
colonies of Potentia, Pisaurum, Mutina, and Parma were founded.
[book 39] also contains accounts of successful wars against the
and the causes of the Macedonian war, which
were that Philip did not accept that his power was diminished by the
and that he was forced by the Thracians to relocate his garrisons.
|Ex libro XL
eorum quos in vinculis habebat nobilium hominum conquiri ad mortem
Theoxena, verita pro liberis suis admodum pueris regis libidinem,
in medium gladiis et poculo in quo venenum erat, suasit his ut imminens
ludibrium morte effugerent et cum persuasisset, et ipsa se interemit.
filios Philippi, Macedoniae regis, Persen et Demetrium, referuntur; et
ut fraude fratris sui Demetrius fictis criminibus, inter quae
parricidii et adfectati regni, primum petitus, ad ultimum, quoniam
R. amicus erat, veneno necatus est, regnumque Macedoniae mortuo
ad Persen venit.
Item res in
et Hispania contra Celtiberos a compluribus ducibus feliciter gestas
Aquileia deducta est.
in agro L. Petilli scribae sub Ianiculo a cultoribus agri arca lapidea
clusi inventi sunt et Graeci et Latini. In
quibus cum pleraque dissolvendarum religionum praetor, ad quem delati
legisset, iuravit senatui contra rem p. esse ut legerentur
S.C. in comitio exusti sunt.
animi confectus, quod Demetrium filium falsis Persei, alterius fili, in
eum delationibus impulsus veneno sustulisset, et de poena Persei
voluitque Antigonum potius, amicum suum, successorem regni sui
sed in hac cogitatione morte raptus est. Perseus
|From book 40
[V of Macedonia] ordered to search for the children of those noblemen
had imprisoned, to execute them, Theoxena, fearing the lawlessness of
king on behalf of her children, who were still young, ordered to bring
a sword and a cup of poison, explained them that by their death, they
evade the approaching violence; having convinced them, she killed
is an account of the struggle between the sons of king Philip of
and Demetrius; and how by the treachery of his bother false charges
brought forward against Demetrius, among which was that of attempting
and seizing the throne, and how he was, finally, because he was a
of the Roman people, killed by poison, so that the kingdom of Macedonia
would pass to Perseus at the death of Philip.
It [book 40]
contains an account of successful campaigns by several leaders against
the Ligurians and the Celtiberians in Hispania. The
colonia of Aquileia was founded.
Greek and Latin books of [the legendary king] Numa Pompilius were
by peasants working on the field of scribe Lucius Petillius at the foot
of the Janiculum, buried beneath an arch made of stone. When
to whom the texts were brought had read them, he discovered that the
were religiously dangerous, and told the Senate that reading and
these books were not in the interest of the state. By
order of the Senate, they were burned on the Comitium.
suffered from depression, because he had poisoned his son Demetrius
of the false accusations by his other son Perseus, wanted to punish the
latter, and preferred to leave the kingdom to his friend Antigonus, but
was taken away by death. Perseus
inherited the throne.