|Ex libro XLI
Ignis in aede
Gracchus procos. Celtiberos victos in deditionem accepit, monimentumque
operum suorum Gracchurim, oppidum in Hispania, constituit. Et
a Postumio Albino procos. Vaccaei ac Lusitani subacti sunt. Uterque
filius, obses a patre Romanis datus, mortuo fratre Seleuco qui patri
successerat, in regnum Syriae ab urbe dimissus. Qui
praeter religionem, qua multa templa magnifica multis sociis fecit,
Iovis Olympi et Antiochiae Capitolini, vilissimum regem egit.
conditum est. Censa
sunt civium capita CCLVIII milia CCXCIIII.
tr. pl. legem tulit, nequis mulierem heredem institueret. Suasit
legem M. Cato. (Extat oratio eius.)
Praeterea res adversus Liguras et
Histros et Sardos et Celtiberos a compluribus ducibus prospere gestas
initia belli Macedonici continet, quod Perseus, Philippi filius,
ad Carthaginienses legationem et ab his nocte audita erat. Sed
et alias Graeciae civitates sollicitabat.
The fire in
temple of Vesta was extinguished.
Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus accepted the surrender of the defeated
and to commemorate his successes, he founded the town of Gracchuris in
by proconsul Postumius Albinus, the Vaccaeans and Lusitanians were
men celebrated a triumph.
[IV Epiphanes], the son who had been given by Antiochus
[III the Great] as hostage to the Romans, was sent to the kingdom of Syria
at the death of his brother Seleucus
[IV Philopator], to whom his father had left the kingdom. He
turned out to be a very bad king, except for religion, because he built
many splendid temples in the countries of his allies, like that of the
Olympian Jupiter in Athens and the Capitoline Jupiter in Antioch.
performed the lustrum
citizens were registered.
of the plebs
Quintus Voconius Saxa carried a law that forbade women to
[Porcius] Cato pleaded for this law. (His
speech still exists.)
It [book 41] also contains accounts
of successful wars by several leaders against the Ligurians, Histrians,
Sardinians and Celtiberans, and the beginning of the Macedonian
war, which was provoked by [king] Perseus,
the son of Philip. He
sent an embassy to the Carthaginians
that was received during the night, but
he also solicited help from Greek cities.
|Ex libro XLII
censor templum Iunonis Laciniae tegulis marmoreis spoliavit, ut aedem,
quam dedicabat, tegeret. Tegulae
ex S.C. reportatae.
rex, in senatu de Perseo, Macedoniae rege, questus est, cuius iniuriae
in populum R. referuntur. Ob
quas bello ei indicto P. Licinius Crassus cos., cui mandatum erat, in
transiit levibusque expeditionibus, equestribus proeliis, in Thessalia
cum Perseo [felici] eventu pugnavit.
et Carthaginienses de agro fuit lis. Dies
his a senatu ad disceptandum datus.
socias civitates regesque rogandos ut in fide permanerent, dubitantibus
conditum est. Censa
sunt civium capita CCLXVII milia CCXXXI.
Res praeterea adversus Corsos et
Liguras prospere gestas continet.
|From book 42
Quintus Fulvius Flaccus removed the marble slabs from the temple of
Lacinia that covered the temple that he had dedicated. The
slabs were brought back by order of the Senate.
[II Soter] of Asia was interviewed in the Senate about [king] Perseus
Macedonia, whose unjust acts against the Roman people are also recorded
[in book 42]. Because
of these, war was declared upon him and consul
Publius Licinius Crassus, who was ordered to do so, proceeded to
and [successfully] fought with Perseus in small expeditions and cavalry
engagements in Thessaly.
There was a
between [king] Massinissa
[of Numidia] and the Carthaginians about a piece of land. The
Senate proposed them a day to discuss the problem.
were sent to the allied towns and kings to ask them to remain loyal.
Rhodians were in doubt.
the lustrum ceremony.
267,231 citizens were registered.
It [book 42] also contains accounts
of successful wars against the Corsicans and Ligurians.
|Ex libro XLIII
eo quod avare et crudeliter provincias administraverant, damnati sunt.
procos. complures in Graecia urbes expugnavit et crudeliter
id captivi qui ab eo sub corona venierant ex S.C. postea restituti
a praefectis classium Romanarum multa impotenter in socios facta.
Res a Perse
in Thracia prospere gestas continet victis Dardanis et Illyrico, cuius
rex erat Gentius.
Motus, qui in
ab Olonico factus erat, ipso interempto consedit.
a censoribus princeps senatus lectus.
|From book 43
were condemned because they had ruled their provinces
with avarice and cruelty.
Licinius Crassus took several Greek towns and sacked them
of this, the captives which he had sold as slaves were later released
of the Roman navy also behaved without moderation towards the allies.
It [book 43]
contains an account of successful wars by king Perseus [of Macedonia],
who defeated the Dardanians and Illyricum, which was ruled by king
disturbance created in Hispania by Olonicus was terminated when he was
censors chose Marcus Aemilius Lepidus as the first among the senators.
|Ex libro XLIV
per invios saltus penetravit Macedoniam et complures urbes occupavit.
legatos Romam minantes ut Perseo auxilio essent, nisi populus R. cum
pacem atque amicitiam iungeret. Indigne
id latum. Cum
id bellum L. Aemilio Paulo, sequentis anni cos. iterum mandatum esset,
Paulus in contione precatus ut, quidquid diri populo R. immineret, in
domum converteretur, et in Macedoniam profectus vicit Persen totamque
in potestatem redegit. Antequam
confligeret, praedixit exercitui ne miraretur quod luna proxima nocte
rex Illyricorum, cum rebellasset, a L. Anicio praetore victus venit in
deditionem et cum uxore ac liberis et propinquis Romam missus.
a Cleopatra et Ptolemaeo regibus venerunt querentes de Antiocho, rege
quod is bellum inferret.
in auxilium Eumene, rege Pergami, et Gentio, rege Illyricorum, quia iis
pecuniam quam promiserat non dabat, relictus ab his est.
|From book 44
Philippus entered Macedonia through an inaccessible defile and captured
envoys, threatening to support [king] Perseus [of Macedonia] if the
people did not conclude a treaty of peace and friendship with
provoked indignation. 
during the next year, the war was given to Lucius Aemilius Paullus,
for the second time, Paullus, after having prayed in a gathering that
threatened the Roman people should befall his family, proceeded to
completely defeated Perseus and occupied all of Macedonia. Before
[of Pydna], he told his army that they should not be surprised if the
should be eclipsed during the night [21
of the Illyrians revolted, he was also defeated, by praetor Lucius
and surrendered with his wife and children and relatives and was sent
on behalf of queen Cleopatra
[II] and king Ptolemy [VI Philometor], to complain about king Antiochus
[IV Epiphanes], who had attacked them.
had asked for help from king Eumenes [II Soter] of Pergamon and king
of Illyricum, did not pay the money he had promised, was left by them.
|Ex libro XLV
Paulo in Samothace captus est.
Syriae rex, Ptolemaeum et Cleopatram, Aegypti reges, obsideret et
ad eum a senatu legatis, qui iuberent ab solo regis absisteret,
mandatis consideraturum se quid faciendum esset, respondisset, unus ex
legatis Popilius virga regem circumscripsit iussitque, ante quam
excederet, responsum daret. Qua
asperitate effecit ut Antiochus bellum omitteret.
populorum atque regum in senatu admissae, Rhodiorum, qui eo bello
populum R. faverant, exclusa. Postera
die cum de eo quaereretur ut his bellum indiceretur, causam in senatu
suae legati egerunt; nec tamquam socii, nec tamquam hostes dimissi.
formam redacta Aemilius Paulus repugnantibus militibus ipsius propter
praedam et contradicente Servio Sulpicio Galba triumphavit et Persen
tribus filiis duxit ante currum. Cuius
triumphi laetitia ne solida ei contingeret, duorum filiorum funeribus
est, quorum alterius mors triumphum patris praecessit, alterius secuta
conditum est. Censa
sunt civium capita CCCXII milia DCCCV.
Prusias, Bithyniae rex, Romam, ut
senatui gratias ageret ob victoriam ex Macedonia partam, venit et
filium senatui commendavit. Rex
plenus adulationis libertum se populi R. dicebat.
|From book 45
by Aemilius Paullus at Samothrace.
[IV Epiphanes] of Syria, besieged king Ptolemy
[VI Philometor] and queen Cleopatra
[II] of Egypt, and envoys were sent by the Senate to order Antiochus to
leave the country of Ptolemy, and Antiochus had received the message
replied that he would consider what to do, one of the envoys, Popilius,
drew a circle around the king with his staff, and ordered that the king
should reply before he left the circle. As
a result of this rude behavior, Antiochus abandoned the war.
of nations and kings were permitted in the Senate to congratulate [Rome
with its Macedonian victory], but the Rhodians were excluded because
had been against the Roman people during this war. When
the next day a declaration of war was discussed, the envoys pleaded for
their country, and were sent away, neither as allies, nor as enemies.
had been organized as a province, Aemilius Paullus celebrated a
his own soldiers were against it because they had received little booty
and Servius Sulpicius Galba was against it as well; Perseus and his
children walked in front of the chariot. As
if to ensure that Paullus would not enjoy the triumph completely, it
between the funerals of his two sons: one of them died before the
of his father, the other afterwards.
the lustrum ceremony. 312,805
citizens were registered.
King Prusias [II] of Bithynia came
to Rome to thank the Senate for its victory over Macedonia, and
his son Nicomedes to the Senate. The
king, who was full of admiration, declared himself to be a freedman of
the Roman people.