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Livy: Periochae 46-47


Titus Livius or Livy (59 BCE - 17 CE): Roman historian, author of the authorized version of the history of the Roman republic. Many of the 142 books of  the History of Rome from its beginning are now lost; however, we do have an excerpt, the Periochae.
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Ex libro XLVI

Eumenes rex Romam venit, qui Macedonico bello medium egerat. Ne aut hostis iudicatus videretur, si exclusus esset, aut liberatus crimine, si admitteretur, in commune lex lata est ne cui regi Romam venire liceret.

Claudius Marcellus cos. Alpinos Gallos, C. Sulpicius Gallus cos. Liguras subegit.

Legati Prusiae regis questi sunt de Eumene quod fines suos popularetur dixeruntque eum conspirasse cum Antiocho adversus populum R. Societas cum Rhodiis deprecantibus iuncta est.

Lustrum a censoribus conditum est. Censa sunt civium capita CCCXXXVII milia XXII. Princeps senatus M. Aemilius Lepidus.

Ptolemaeus, Aegypti rex, pulsus regno a minore fratre missis ad eum legatis restitutus est.

Ariarathe, Cappadociae rege, mortuo filius eius Ariarathes regnum accepit et amicitiam cum populo R. per legatos renovavit.

Res praeterea adversus Liguras et Corsos et Lusitanos vario eventu gestas et motus Syriae mortuo Antiocho, qui filium Antiochum puerum admodum reliquerat, continet. Hunc Antiochum puerum cum Lysia tutore Demetrius, Seleuci filius, qui Romae obses fuerat, clam, quia non dimittebatur, a Roma [profugus] interemit et ipse in regnum receptus.

L. Aemilius Paulus, qui Persen vicerat, mortuus. Cuius tanta abstinentia fuit ut cum ex Hispania et ex Macedonia immensas opes rettulisset, vix ex auctione eius redactum sit, unde uxori eius dos solveretur.

Pomptinae paludes a Cornelio Cethego cos., cui ea provincia evenerat, siccatae agerque ex his factus.

From book 46

King Eumenes [II Soter of Asia], who had taken an ambiguous stance during the Macedonian war, came to Rome. To prevent him appearing to be considered an enemy, if he was not permitted to enter, or acquitted, if he was admitted, a general law was passed that no king could be permitted to enter Rome.

Consul Claudius Marcellus subdued the Alpine Gauls, consul Gaius Sulpicius Gallus the Ligurians. 

Envoys of king Prusias complained that Eumenes ravaged their territory and said that he conspired with Antiochus [IV Epiphanes] against the Roman people. At their request, an alliance was concluded with the Rhodians.

[164 BCE] The censors performed the lustrum ceremony.  337,022 citizens were registered. The first man in the Senate was Marcus Aemilius Lepidus.

When king Ptolemy [VI Philometor] was expelled from his kingdom by his younger brother [Ptolemy VIII Euergetes Physcon], envoys were sent to the latter, and the former was restored.

[163] When Ariarathes [IV Eusebes], king of Cappadocia, was dead, his son Ariarathes [V Philopator] accepted the kingdom and renewed the friendship with the Roman people through envoys.

It [book 46] also contains an account of various battles with various outcomes against the Ligurians, Corsicans, and Lusitanians, and an account of the turmoil in Syria after the death of Antiochus [IV Epiphanes; 164], who left behind a son named Antiochus [V Eupator], a mere boy. [162] Together with his tutor Lysias, this boy Antiochus was killed by Demetrius [I Soter], the son of Seleucus [IV Philopator], who had been a hostage at Rome, had secretly [fled] from Rome because he had not been released, and was accepted in this kingdom.

Lucius Aemilius Paullus, who had defeated Perseus, died. Although he had brought back immense treasures from Hispania and Macedonia, his scrupulousness had been so great that when an auction was conducted, the dowry of his wife could hardly be repaid.

[160] The Pomptine marshes were drained by consul Cornelius Cethegus, to whom this task had been assigned, and converted into arable land.

Ex libro XLVII

Cn. Tremellio pr. multa dicta est, quod cum M. Aemilio Lepido, pontifice maximo, iniuriose contenderat sacrorumque quam magistratuum ius potentius fuit.

Lex de ambitu lata.

Lustrum a censoribus conditum est. Censa sunt civium capita CCCXXVIII milia CCCXVI. Princeps senatus lectus Aemilius Lepidus.

Inter Ptolemaeos fratres, qui dissidebant, foedus ictum, ut alter Aegypto, alter Cyrenis regaret.

Ariarathes, Cappadociae rex, consilio Demetri, Syriae regis, et viribus pulsus regno a senatu restitutus est.

Missi a senatu qui inter Masinissam et Carthaginienses de agro iudicarent.

C. Marcius cos. adversus Dalmatas primum parum prospere, postea feliciter pugnavit. Cum quibus bello confligendi causa fuit quod Illyrios, socios populi R., vastaverant; eamdemque gentem Cornelius Nasica cos. domuit. 

Q. Opimius cos. Transalpinos Liguras, qui Massiliensium oppida, Antipolim et Nicaeam, vastabant, subegit.

Praeterea res in Hispania a compluribus parum prospere gestas continet.

Consules anno quingentesimo nonagesimo octavo ab urbe condita magistratum kal. ian. inire coeperunt. Mutandi comitia causa fuit quod Hispani rebellabant.

Legati ad disceptandum inter Carthaginienses et Masinissam missi nuntiaverunt vim navalis materiae se Carthagine deprehendisse.

Aliquot praetores a provinciis avaritiae nomine accusati damnati sunt.

From book 47

Praetor Gnaeus Tremellius was fined, because he had illegally opposed pontifex maximus Marcus Aemilius Lepidus. The claims of the religious authorities were stronger than that of the magistrates.

[159] A law against bribery was passed.

The censors performed the lustrum ceremony.  328,316 citizens were registered. The first man in the Senate was Marcus Aemilius Lepidus.

A treaty was negotiated between the two Ptolemaean brothers. One was to rule Egypt, the other Cyrene.

King Ariarathes [V Philopator] of Cappadocia, who had been expelled from his kingdom on the initiative and with troops of king Demetrius [I Soter] of Syria, was restored by the Senate.

A delegation was sent by the Senate to settle a border dispute between Massinissa and the Carthaginians.

[156] Consul Gaius Marcius [Figulus] fought against the Dalmatians, at first unsuccessfully, later with more luck.The reason for going to war was that they had attacked the Illyrians, allies of the Roman people; [155] consul Cornelius Nasica subdued the Dalmatians.

[154] Consul Quintus Opimius subdued the Transalpine Ligurians, who had attacked two towns of the Massiliots, Antipolis and Nicaea.

It [Book 47] also contains an account of several unsuccessful campaigns in Hispania by various commanders.

In the five hundred and ninety-eighth year after the founding of the city, the consuls began to enter upon their office on 1 January. The cause of this change in the date of the elections was a rebellion in Hispania.

Envoys sent to negotiate between the Carthaginians and Massinissa said they had seen lots of timber in Carthage.

Several praetors were charged with peculiation and condemned.

to the Periochae of books 48-50
 
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