|Ex libro LI
XXIII milia patens, magno labore obsessa et per partes capta est;
a Mancino legato, deinde a Scipione cos., cui extra sortem Africa
data erat. Carthaginienses
portu novo, quia vetus obstructus a Scipione erat, facto et contracta
exiguo tempore ampla classe infeliciter navali proelio
quoque, ducis eorum, castra ad Nepherim oppidum loco difficili sita cum
exercitu deleta sunt a Scipione, qui tandem expugnavit septingentesimo
anno quam erat condita.
pars Siculis, quibus ablata erant, reddita.
cum se Hasdrubal Scipioni dedisset, uxor eius, quae paucis ante diebus
de marito impetrare non potuerat ut ad victorem transfugerent, in
se flagrantis urbis incendium cum duobus liberis ex arce praecipitavit.
patris sui, Aemili Pauli, qui Macedoniam vicerat, ludos fecit
ac fugitivos bestiis obiecit.
referuntur haec, quod legati Romani ab Achaeis pulsati sint Corinthi,
ut eas civitates, quae sub dicione Philippi fuerant, ab Achaico
|From book 51
which had a circumference of 34 kilometers, was besieged with much
and captured part by part; first by deputy Mancinus, then by consul
Scipio [Aemilianus], to whom the African command had been assigned
casting lots. Because
the old harbor had been blocked by Scipio, the Carthaginians dug a new
one, and quickly and secretly built a large fleet, with which they
an unsuccessful naval battle. The
castle of Hasdrubal,
their leader, on difficult terrain near the town of Nepheris was also
by Scipio, who [146 BCE]
the city in the seven-hundredth year since it was founded.
A major part
the spoils were given back to the Sicilians,
from whom they had been seized.
surrendered to Scipio during the final stage of the siege, his wife,
had -only a few days before- been unable to convince her husband to
to the victor, threw herself from the citadel into the flames of the
city with her two children.
the example of his father, the Aemilius Paullus who had conquered Macedonia,
organized games and cast deserters and runaways for the wild animals.
the Achaean War are described as follows: at Corinth, Roman envoys were
attacked by Achaeans. These envoys had been sent to separate those
that had been under control of Philip
[V of Macedonia] from the Achaean league.
|Ex libro LII
in auxilio Boeotos et Chalcidenses habebant, Q. Caecilius Metellus ad
bello conflixit. Quibus
victis dux eorum Critolaus mortem sibi veneno conscivit. In
cuius locum Diaeus, Achaici motus primus auctor, ab Achaeis dux creatus
ad Isthmon a L. Mummio cos. victus est. Qui
omni Achaia in deditionem accepta Corinthon ex S.C. diruit, quia ibi
Romani violati erant. Thebae
quoque et Chalchis, quae auxilio fuerant, dirutae. Ipse
L. Mummius abstinentissimum virum egit, nec quicquam ex his operibus
quae praedives Corinthos habuit in domum eius pervenit.
de Andrisco triumphavit, P. Cornelius Scipio Aemilianus de Carthagine
(primum ex pastore venator, ex venatore latro, mox iusti quoque
dux factus) totam Lusitaniam occupavit, M. Vetilium praetorem fuso eius
exercitu cepit, post quem C. Plautius praetor nihilo felicius rem
tantumque terroris is hostis intulit ut adversus eum consulari opus
et duce et exercitu.
Syriae et bella inter reges gesta referuntur. Alexander,
homo ignotus et incertae stirpis, occiso, sicut ante dictum est,
rege in Syria regnabat. Hunc Demetrius,
Demetri filius, qui a patre quondam ob incertos belli casus ablegatus
fuerat, contempta socordia inertiaque eius, adiuvante Ptolemaeo,
rege, cuius filiam Cleopatram in matrimonium acceperat, bello
graviter in caput vulneratus inter curationem, dum ossa medici
conantur, expiravit, atque in locum eius frater minor Ptolemaeus (qui
regnabat) successit. Demetrius
ob crudelitatem quam in suos per tormenta exercebat, ab Diodoto quodam,
uno ex subiectis, qui Alexandri filio bimulo admodum regnum adserebat,
bello superatus Seleuceam confugit.
L. Mummius de Achaeis triumphavit,
signa aerea marmoreaque et tabulas pictas in triumpho tulit.
|From book 52
Quintus Caecilius Metellus fought a battle against the Achaeans, who
support from the Boeotians and Chalcidians. After
their defeat, their commander Critolaus poisoned himself. In
his place Diaeus, the instigator of the Achaean revolt, was elected as
leader by the Achaeans, and he was defeated at the Isthmus by consul
received the surrender of all Achaea and being ordered to do so by the
he sacked Corinth, where the Roman envoys had been maltreated. Thebes
and Chalcis, which had supported the Achaeans, were also
Lucius Mummius was a selfless man: none of the works of art and
that had been in "rich Corinth", entered his house.
Metellus celebrated a triumph over Andriscus, and Publius Cornelius
Aemilianus over Carthage and Hasdrubal.
(who first changed from a shepherd into a hunter, then into a bandit,
soon into the leader of an army) occupied all of Lusitania, routed the
army of praetor
Marcus Vetilius and captured him, after which praetor Gaius Plautius
without any luck. This enemy inspired so much fear that a consul and
army were needed.
There is also
account of the situation in Syria
and the war waged between its kings. As
[I Balas], an unknown man of uncertain descent, ruled Syria after king
[Soter] had been killed. 
[II Nicator], son of Demetrius, who had been sent to Cnidus by his
because of the uncertainties of war, despised Alexander's slowness and
indolence, and killed him in a battle in which he received the support
of king Ptolemy
[VI Philometor] of Egypt, whose daughter Cleopatra
[Thea] he had married. Ptolemy
received a severe head wound and died when physicians tried to trepan
skull in order to heal the wound; he was succeeded by his younger
[VIII Euergetes] (who had reigned in Cyrene). Because
of the cruelty with which Demetrius tortured his own people, he was
in war and forced to flee to Seleucia
by one Diodotus,
one of his subjects and a man who supported the claim to the throne of
Alexander's two year old son.
Lucius Mummius celebrated a triumph
over the Achaeans, and carried in the procession statues of bronze and
marble and paintings.
|Ex libro LIII
cos. Salassos, gentem Alpinam, domuit.
in Macedonia a L. Tremellio quaestore cum exercitu caesus est.
procos. Celtiberos cecidit et a Q. Fabio procos. magna pars Lusitaniae
expugnatis aliquot urbibus recepta est.
Graece res Romanas scribit.
|From book 53
Appius Claudius subdued the Salassians, a nation from the Alps.
false Philip was killed, together with his army, by quaestor
Quintus Caecilius Metellus defeated the Celtiberians and proconsul
Fabius recovered a large part of Lusitania after he had stormed several
wrote a Roman History, in Greek.
|Ex libro LIV
in Hispania Termestinos subegit. Cum
isdem et Numantinis pacem a populo R. infirmatam fecit.
conditum est. Censa
sunt civium capita CCCXXVIII milia CCCCXLII.
questum de D. Iunio Silano praetore venissent, quod acceptis pecuniis
spoliasset, et senatus de querellis eorum vellet cognoscere, T. Manlius
Torquatus (pater Silani) petiit impetravitque ut sibi cognitio
et domi causa cognita filium condemnavit abdicavitque. Ac
ne funeri quidem eius, cum suspendio vitam finisset, interfuit
domi potestatem consultantibus ex instituto fecit.
rebus in Hispania prospere gestis labem imposuit pace cum Viriatho
consilio Servili Caepionis, interfectus est et ab exercitu suo multum
ac nobiliter sepultus, vir duxque magnus et per XIIII annos quibus cum
Romanis bellum gessit, frequentius superior.
|From book 54
Hispania, consul Quintus Pompeius defeated the Termestinians. With
them and the Numantines he concluded a peace treaty that was not
by the Roman people.
performed the lustrum
citizens were registered.
envoys arrived to complain about praetor Decimus Junius Silanus, who
accepted bribes and had looted the province,
the Senate wanted to investigate the complaints, but Titus Manlius
(the [adoptive] father of Silanus) successfully asked that he would
the case; at home, he condemned and sent away his son.And
he did not attend the funeral of his son who hanged himself, but sat at
home, offering legal advice to those wanted it, as was his custom.
Quintus Fabius met with success but spoilt it because he concluded a
treaty with Viriathus on equal terms.
by traitors, instigated by Servilius Caepio, and he was deeply mourned
by his soldiers, who gave him a splendid funeral. For fourteen years,
great man and commander had waged war against the Romans, often
|Ex libro LV
(cui cognomen Serapion fuit ab inridente Curiatio
trib. pleb. impositum)
et Dec. Iunio Bruto coss. dilectum habentibus in conspectu tironum res
saluberrimi exempli facta est. Nam
C. Matienius accusatus est apud tribunos pl., quod exercitum ex
deservisset, damnatusque sub furca diu virgis caesus est et sestertio
non inpetrarent ut sibi denos quos vellent milites eximere liceret,
in carcerem duci iusserunt.
in Hispania iis qui sub Viriatho militaverant agros et oppidum dedit,
vocatum est Valentia.
M. Popilius a
cum quibus pacem factam inritam fieri senatus censuerat, cum exercitu
cos. sacrificante pulli ex cavea evolaverunt; conscendenti deinde
ut in Hispaniam proficisceretur, accidit vox: "Mane, Mancine". Quae
auspicia tristia fuisse, eventu probatum est. Victus
enim a Numantinis et castris exutus, cum spes nulla servandi exercitus
esset, pacem cum his fecit ignominiosam, quam ratam esse senatus
milia Romanorum ab IIII milibus Numantinorum victa erant.
Decimus Iunius Lusitaniam expugnationibus
urbium usque ad Oceanum perdomuit, et cum flumen Oblivionem transire
raptum signifero signum ipse transtulit et sic ut transgrederentur
Alexandri filius, rex Syriae, X
annos admodum habens, a Diodoto, qui
Tryphon cognominabatur, tutore
suo, per fraudem occisus est corruptis medicis qui illum calculi dolore
consumi ad populum mentiti, dum secant, occiderunt.
|From book 55
the consuls Publius Cornelius Nasica (whose surname Serapio
invented by the irreverent tribune
of the plebs
Curiatius) and Decimus Junius Brutus were holding the levy, something
in front of the recruits that served as an example: Gaius
Matienus was accused before the tribunes because he had deserted the
army, and was, after he had been condemned, sent under the yoke,
with rods, and sold for one sesterce.
not permitted to the tribunes to select ten men that would be free from
military service, they ordered that the consuls were imprisoned.
Junius Brutus gave land and a town, called Valentia, to those who had
had refused to sign a peace treaty, Marcus Popilius and his army were
and routed by the Numantines.
consul Gaius Hostilius Manicius wanted to sacrifice, the chickens flew
out of the coop, and when he boarded his ship to sail to Hispania, a
was heard that said "Stay, Manicius!" This
was a bad omen, as was shown by the events, for
he was not only defeated but also expelled from his camp, and when he
of saving his army, he concluded an ignominious peace treaty, which the
Senate refused to ratify. Forty
thousand Romans had been defeated by four thousand Numantines.
By storming all its cities until
he had reached the Ocean, Decimus Junius subdued Lusitania completely,
and when his soldiers refused to cross the river Oblivion, he took the
standard from its bearer, carried it across the water, and persuaded
to follow him.
the son of Alexander, the king of Syria, who was a mere ten years old,
was killed by the treachery of his tutor Diodotus, surnamed "the
He had bribed the physicians, who said that the boy suffered severely
a stone, and killed him on the operation table.