|Ex libro LXVI
a C. Mario Numidia cum auxilio Bocchi, Maurorum regis, adiutus esset,
proelio Bocchi quoque copiis, nolente Boccho bellum infeliciter
diutius sustinere vinctus ab eo et Mario traditus est; in qua re
opera L. Corneli Sullae, quaestoris C. Mari, fuit.
|From book 66
BCE] When Jugurtha,
expelled from Numidia by Gaius Marius, received help of Bocchus, king
the Maurians, Bocchus' troops were slaughtered in battle and Bocchus no
longer wanted to continue the war he had so unfortunately undertaken.
threw Jugurtha in chains and handed him over to Marius; in this affair,
the main actor was Lucius Cornelius Sulla, the quaestor
of Gaius Marius.
|Ex libro LXVII
legatus consulis, a Cimbris fuso exercitu captus est, et cum in
ab his advocatus deterreret eos ne Alpes transirent Italiam petituri,
quod diceret Romanos vinci non posse, a Boiorige, feroci iuvene,
est. Ab isdem
hostibus Cn. Manlius cos. et Q. Servilius Caepio procos. victi proelio
castris quoque binis exuti sunt, militum milia LXXX occisa, calonum et
lixarum XL (secundum Antiatem) apud Arausionem. Caepionis,
cuius temeritate clades accepta erat, damnati bona publicata sunt,
post regem Tarquinium imperiumque ei abrogatum.
Mari ductus ante currum eius Iugurtha cum duobus filiis et in carcere
est. Marius triumphali
veste in senatum venit, quod nemo ante eum fecerat, eique propter metum
Cimbrici belli continuatus per complures annos est consulatus. Secundo
et tertio absens consul creatus quartum consulatum dissimulanter
max. populi suffragio creatus est.
vastatis omnibus quae inter Rhodanum et Pyrenaeum sunt, per saltum in
transgressi ibique multa loca populati a Celtiberis fugati sunt,
in Galliam in Veliocassis se Teutonis coniunxerunt.
|From book 67
the defeat of his army, Marcus Aurelius Scaurus, a deputy of the consul,
was captured by the Cimbrians and called to their council, where he
them from crossing the Alps and going to Italy, saying that the Romans
were unconquerable. He was killed by a savage young man,
by the same enemies, consul Gnaeus Manlius and proconsul
Quintus Servilius Caepio were stripped of both their camps; according
Valerius Antias, 80,000 soldiers and 40,000 servants and camp followers
were killed near Arausio. Caepio,
who had caused the defeat by his rashness, was convicted; his
were confiscated (for the first time since king Tarquinius) and his
the triumph of Gaius Marius, Jugurtha walked in front of the chariot
his two sons, and was killed in the jail. Marius
entered the Senate
in triumphal dress, something no one had ever done before, and his
was prolonged out of fear of the Cimbrian war. He
was away when he was elected for consul for the second and third time,
and obtained a fourth consulship by pretending not to be aiming for it.
Gnaeus Domitius as pontifex
everything between Rhône and Pyrenees,
the Cimbrians moved through a mountain pass into Hispania, where they
-after having devastated many districts- routed by the Celtiberians.
returned to Gaul and joined the Teutons in the land of the
|Ex libro LXVIII
in Ciliciam maritimos praedones persecutus est.
summa vi oppugnata a Teutonis et Ambronibus castra defendit. Duobus
deinde proeliis circa Aquas Sextias eosdem hostes delevit, in quibus
traduntur hostium CC milia, capta XC milia.
cos. creatus est.Triumphum
oblatum, donec et Cimbros vinceret, distulit.
ab Alpibus fugatoque Q. Catulo procos., qui fauces Alpium obsidebat (ad
flumen Athesim cohortem quae castellum editum insederat, reliquerat,
tamen virtute sua explicata fugientem procos. exercitumque consecuta
in Italiam traiecissent, iunctis eiusdem Catuli et C. Mari exercitibus,
proelio victi sunt; in quo caesa traduntur hostium milia CXL, capta LX.
consensu exceptus pro duobus triumphis qui offerebantur, uno contentus
civitatis, qui ei aliquamdiu ut novo homini ad tantos honores evecto
conservatam ab eo rem p. fatebantur.
matre occisa primus in culleo insutus in mare praecipitatus est.
Ancilia cum strepitu mota esse,
antequam Cimbricum bellum consummaretur, refertur.
Bella praeterea inter Syriae reges
|From book 68
Marcus Antonius pursued the pirates
Gaius Marius defended his camp against a violent attack by the Teutons
and Ambronians. After
this, he defeated these enemies in two battles near Aquae Sextiae, in
-they say- 200,000 enemies were killed and 90,000 captured.
away from home, Marius was elected consul for the fifth time. He
postponed the triumph offered to him until he had also defeated the
who had driven back and put to flight proconsul Quintus Catulus, who
wanted to block the passes in the Alps (near the river Adige he left a
cohort that occupied a mountain castle; but by its own valour it broke
away and followed the fleeing proconsul and his army), invaded Italy, 
were defeated in battle by the united forces of this Catulus and Gaius
Marius; it is said that 160,000 enemies were killed and 60,000
welcomed by the applause of the entire state, had been offered two
he was content with one. The
first men in the state, who had until then envied the "new man" who had
reached so many important posts, now admitted that the state had been
who had killed his mother, was the first to be sewn into a sack and
into the sea.
It is said that the sacred shields
moved and rattled before the Cimbrian war was over.
It [book 68] also contains an account
of a war between the Syrian
VIII and Antiochus
|Ex libro LXIX
adiuvante C. Mario et per milites occiso A. Nunnio competitore tribunus
plebis per vim creatus, non minus violenter tribunatum, quam petierat,
gessit et cum legem agrariam per vim tulisset, Metello Numidico, quod
non iuraverat, diem dixit.Qui
cum a bonis civibus defenderetur, ne causa certaminum esset, in exilium
voluntarium, Rhodum, profectus est, ibique audiendo et legendo magnos
seditionis auctor, qui sextum consulatum pecunia per tribus sparsa
aqua et igni interdixit.
trib. pleb. C. Memmium, candidatum consulatus, quoniam adversarium eum
actionibus suis timebat, occidit. Quibus
rebus concitato senatu, in cuius causam et C. Marius (homo varii
ingenii consiliique semper secundum fortunam) transierat, oppressus
cum Glaucia praetore et aliis eiusdem furoris sociis bello quodam
ab exilio ingenti totius civitatis favore reductus est.
in Sicilia bellum servile excitatum confecit.
|From book 69
Lucius Appuleius Saturninus, who had the support of Gaius Marius, and
rival Aulus Nunnius had been killed by soldiers, was made tribune
of the plebs,
and occupied his tribuneship no less violently than he had tried to
it. When he had, using violence, passed a land bill, he accused
Numidicus, who had not sworn to uphold this law. He
was defended by the better citizens, but went into voluntary exile at
because he refused to be the cause of civil struggle. Here, he found
in reading and listening to great orators.
When he had
Gaius Marius, who was responsible for the riot and had bought a sixth
by distributing money to the voting districts, confirmed Metellus'
Appuleius Saturninus assassinated Gaius Memmius, a candidate for the
whom he feared to be against him. Shocked
by these crimes, the Senate, to whose side Gaius Marius (a man of
changing ideas and plans, always following fortune) had gone over, put
Saturninus down, together with the praetor Glaucia and other allies who
accompanied him in his madness, and had him killed in something like a
of the entire community, Quintus Caecilius Metellus was recalled from
Aquilius put an end to the war against the slaves that had originated
|Ex libro LXX
de pecuniis repetundis causam diceret, ipse iudices rogare noluit; M.
qui pro eo perorabat, tunicam a pectore eius discidit, ut honestas
absolutus est. (Cicero
eius rei solus auctor.)
adversus Celtiberos feliciter pugnavit.
rex, cui cognomen Apionis fuit, mortuus heredem
populum R. reliquit
et eius regni civitates senatus liberas esse iussit.
regnum Cappadociae a L. Cornelio Sulla reductus est. Parthorum
legati a rege Arsace missi venerunt ad Sullam ut amicitiam populi R.
summae innocentiae, quoniam legatus C. Muci procos. a publicanorum
Asiam defenderat, invisus equestri ordini penes quem iudicia erant,
damnatus in exilium missus est.
adversus Thracas infeliciter pugnavit.
Senatus, cum impotentiam equestris
ordinis in iudiciis exercendis ferre nollet, omni vi eniti coepit ut ad
se iudicia transferret, sustinente causam eius M. Livio Druso trib.
qui ut vires sibi adquireret, perniciosa spe largitionum plebem
Praeterea motus Syriae regnumque
|From book 70
was accused of extortion, he refused to appeal to the jury, and Marcus
Antonius, who had spoken for him, tore the tunic from his chest to show
his honorable scars. Without
further ado, he was acquitted. (Cicero
is the only source for this case.)
Titus Didius successfully fought against the Celtiberians.
his death, king Ptolemy of Cyrene,
surnamed Apion, made the Roman people his inheritor
and the Senate
decreed that all the towns in his kingdom were to be free.
was brought back to the kingdom of Cappadocia
by Lucius Cornelius Sulla. Envoys
of the Parthians,
sent by the Arsacid
king, came to Sulla to ask for the friendship of the Roman people.
as deputy of governor
Gaius Mucius he had defended Asia against the injustice of the
Publius Rutilius, a man of supreme innocence, was hated by the
order, which controlled the law courts and sent him into exile because
unsuccessfully fought against the Thracians.
Senate, which refused to accept the control of the law courts by the
order, started to try to transfer control to the Senate itself. It was
supported by tribune Marcus Livius Drusus, who, to obtain more power,
up the people with the dangerous hope of a largesse.
It [book 70] also contains an account
of the troubles in the Syrian kingdom.