|Ex libro LXXI
trib. pleb., quo maioribus viribus senatus causam susceptam tueretur,
et Italicos populos spe civitatis Romanae sollicitavit, iisque
per vim legibus agrariis frumentariisque latis iudiciariam quoque
ut aequa parte iudicia penes senatum et equestrem ordinem
deinde promissa sociis civitas praestari non posset, irati Italici
agitare coeperunt. Eorum
coetus coniurationesque et orationes in consiliis principum
quae Livius Drusus invisus etiam senatui factus velut socialis belli
incertum a quo domi occisus est.
|From book 71
BCE] Marcus Livius Drusus, a tribune
of the plebs
who wanted to reinforce the powers of the Senate,
appealed to the allies and Italian nations and made them hope for the
citizenship; with their help, he carried by force laws on the
of land and grain, and also carried a law on jurisdiction to the effect
that the juries would be made up from one half of senators and one half
of knights. When
he could not keep his promise to give citizenship to his allies, the
Italians started to think about defection. Their
gatherings and conspiracies and the speeches in the council of their
are reported [in this book]. For
these reasons, Livius Drusus became hated even in the Senate, as if he
had been the cause of the Social War, and he was assassinated by an
person in his own house.
|Ex libro LXXII
Picentes, Vestini, Marsi, Paeligni, Marrucini, Samnites,
belli a Picentibus moto Q. Servilius procos. in oppido Asculo cum
civibus R. qui in eo oppido erant occisus est. Saga
Lucanis comprehensus unius feminae opera, ad quam devertebatur, e
receptus est. Aesernia
et Alba coloniae ab Italicis obsessae sunt. Auxilia
deinde Latini nominis et exterarum gentium missa populo R. et
invicem expugnationesque urbium referuntur.
|From book 72
nations revolted: the Picentes, Vestinians, Marsians, Paelignians,
Samnites, and Lucanians. The
first act of war was by the Picentes, who killed proconsul
Quintus Servilius in the town Asculum, with all Roman citizens who were
in this town. The
people put on the war dress.
who was captured by the Lucanians, was released from captivity by one
woman, with whom he had been lodging. The
of Aesernia and Alba were besieged by the Italians. The
troops sent to the relief of the Roman people by the Latins and foreign
nations, the expeditions from both sides, and the storming of cities
also described [in book 72].
|Ex libro LXXIII
cos. male adversus Samnites pugnavit. Nola
colonia in potestatem Samnitium venit cum L. Postumio praetore qui ab
ad hostes defecerunt. Cum
P. Rutilius cos. parum prospere adversus Marsos pugnasset et in eo
cecidisset, C. Marius, legatus eius, meliore eventu cum hostibus acie
Paelignos proelio fudit.
Rutili, cum obsessus prospere in hostes inrupisset, et ob eum successum
aequatum ei cum C. Mario esset imperium, temerarius factus et
insidiis fuso exercitu cecidit.
cos. feliciter adversus Samnites pugnavit. Ob
eam victoriam Romae saga posita sunt.
Et ut varia
fortuna esset, Aeserna colonia cum M. Marcello in potestatem Samnitium
venit, sed et C. Marius proelio Marsos fudit, Hierio Asinio, praetore
C. Caelius in Gallia Transalpina
Salluvios rebellantes vicit.
|From book 73
Julius Caesar, the consul,
lost a battle against the Samnites. The
at Nola fell in the hands of the Samnites, together with
Lucius Postumus, who was executed by them.
with the enemies.
When consul Publius Rutilius had fought against the Marsians, with
results, and had fallen in battle, his deputy Gaius Marius had more
in a battle against the enemy.
routed the Paelignians.
deputy of Rutilius, was besieged and successfully repelled his enemies,
and was given equal powers to Gaius Marius, he became reckless, was
in an ambush, and fell in the rout of his army.
Julius Caesar fought successfully against the
of his victory, at Rome, the battle dress was laid aside.
To show the
fortunes of war, the colony at Aeserna, together with Marcus Marcellus,
fell in the hands of the Samnites, but Gaius Marius routed the
and Hierius Asinius, the commander of the Marrucinians, was killed.
In Transalpine Gaul, Gaius Caelius
defeated the rebellious Salluvians.
|Ex libro LXXIV
proelio fudit [lacuna] obsedit. Propter
quam victoriam Romae praetextae et alia magistratuum insignia sumpta
Marius cum Marsis dubio eventu pugnavit. Libertini
tunc primum militare coeperunt.
Umbros, L. Porcius praetor Etruscos, cum uterque populus defecisset,
Ariobarzanes in Cappadociae regnum reducti sunt.
Marsos acie vicit. Cum
aere alieno pressa esset civitas, A. Sempronius Asellio praetor,
secundum debitores ius dicebat, ab his qui faenerabant in foro occisus
Thracum in Macedoniam populationesque continet.
|From book 74
Pompeius routed [and?] besieged the Picentes. Because
of this victory, the purple-bordered togas and other distinctions of
magistrates were assumed. Gaius
Marius fought against the Marsians, with an unclear outcome. For
the first time, freedmen were allowed to serve in the army.
defeated the Umbrians and praetor Lucius Porcius the Etruscans. Both
was restored to the throne and Ariobarzanes
in the kingdom of Cappadocia.
Gnaeus Pompeius defeated the Marsians in an open battle. Because
the citizenry was oppressed by debts, praetor Aulus Sempronius Asellio,
who was deciding cases in favor of the debtors, was killed in the Forum
It [book 74]
contains an account of Thracians raids into Macedonia.
|Ex libro LXXV
legatus cum classi praeesset, infamis crimine perduellionis, ab
suo interfectus est.
legatus Samnites proelio vicit et bina castra eorum expugnavit.
in deditionem accepit.
rebus prospere gestis fusisque aliquotiens Marsis, dum castra eorum
cecidit. Ea res
hostibus victoriam eius proelii dedit.
Samnites acie vicerunt, Marium Egnatium, nobilissimum hostium ducem,
compluraque oppida in deditionem acceperunt.
domuit, Samnites pluribus proeliis fudit, aliquot populos recepit,
raro quisquam alius ante consulatum rebus gestis ad petitionem
Romam est profectus.
|From book 75
Postumius Albinus, commander of the navy, was killed by his own army
he was suspected of the infamous crime of high treason.
Sulla defeated the Samnites in battle and expelled them from two of
accepted the surrender of the Vestinians.
campaign and repeatedly routing the Marsians, consul Lucius Porcius
while storming one of their camps. This
event gave the victory in that battle to the enemies.
defeated the Samnites in battle, killing Marius Egnatius, the most
leader of their enemies. They accepted the surrender of several towns.
the Hirpinians, defeated the Samnites in several battles, accepted the
surrender of a number of people, and proceeded to Rome to run for
having achieved more than most people achieve before their consulship.