|Ex libro LXXVI
rebus adversus Lucanos prospere gestis et plurimis oppidis expugnatis
obsidione hostium castrorum cecidit. Sulpicius
legatus Marrucinos cecidit totamque eam regionem recepit. Cn.
Pompeius procos. Vestinos et Paelignos in deditionem accepit. Marsi
quoque a L. Cinna et Caecilio Pio legatis aliquot proeliis fracti
pacem coeperunt. Asculum
a Cn. Pompeio captum est. Caesis
et a Mamerco Aemilio legato Italicis Silo Poppaedius, dux Marsorum,
eius rei, in proelio cecidit.
Nicomedes Bithyniae regno a Mithridate, Ponti rege, pulsi sunt.
Thracum in Macedoniam populationesque continet.
|From book 76
BCE] Deputy Aulus Gabinius had successfully waged war
Lucanians and had captured many towns, when he was killed during the
of a camp. Commander
Sulpicius slaughtered all Marrucinians and accepted the surrender of
entire region. Proconsul
Gnaeus Pompeius accepted the surrender of the Vestinians and
Marsians, broken in several battles by the deputies Lucius Cinna and
Pius, started to beg for peace. Gnaeus
Pompeius captured Asculum. After
the Italians had been defeated again by deputy Aemilius Mamercus, the
of the Marsians and ringleader of the affair, Poppaedius Silo, fell in
and Nicomedes of Bithynia were dethroned by Mithridates,
king of Pontus.
It [book 76]
contains an account of raids and plundering by the Thracians in Macedonia.
|Ex libro LXXVII
trib. pleb. auctore C. Mario perniciosas leges promulgasset, ut exsules
revocarentur et novi cives libertinique in tribus distribuerentur et ut
C. Marius adversus Mithridaten, Ponti regem, dux crearetur, et
consulibus Q. Pompeio et L. Sullae vim intulisset, occiso Q. Pompeio
Pompei cos. filio, genero Sullae) L. Sulla cos. cum exercitu in urbem
et adversus factionem Sulpici et Mari in ipsa urbe pugnavit eamque
qua XII a senatu hostes -inter quos C. Marius pater et filius- iudicati
in quadam villa lateret, indicio servi sui retractus et occisus
ut praemium promissum indici haberet, manumissus et ob scelus proditi
de saxo deiectus est.
in Africam traiecit. C.
Marius pater cum in paludibus Minturnensium lateret, extractus est ab
et cum missus ad occidendum eum servus natione Gallus maiestate tanti
perterritus recessisset, impositus publice navi delatus est in Africam.
statum ordinavit, exinde colonias deduxit.
ad accipiendum a Cn. Pompeio procos. exercitum profectus consilio eius
rex, Bithynia et Cappadocia occupatis et pulso Aquilio legato Phrygiam,
provinciam populi R., cum ingenti exercitu intravit.
|From book 77
of the plebs
Publius Sulpicius, on the instigation of Carius Marius, had proposed
laws (that the exiles would be recalled, new citizens and freedmen
be divided in voting districts, and Marius would be appointed leader
Mithridates, king of Pontus), and had used violence against the
consuls Quintus Pompeius and Lucius Sulla, killing Quintus Pompeius
son of consul Quintus Pompeius and son-in-law of Sulla), Lucius Sulla
the city with an army, fought a battle against the factions of
and Marius in the city itself, and expelled them. Twelve
members of this faction -among others father and son Marius- were
enemies by the Senate.
was hiding in a villa, he was hunted down and killed on information
by his own slave. Because
he had shown the way, the slave received the promised freedom, but was
thrown from the [Tarpeian] rock because of his criminal betrayal of his
Marius crossed to Africa. The
elder Gaius Marius hid himself in the marches near Minturnae, but was
out by the citizens. When a slave from Gaul was sent out to kill him,
withdrew because he feared the greatness of this man, and Marius was
on one of the town's ships and sent to Africa.
the state and sent out colonies.
Quintus Pompeius set out to take over the army of proconsul
Gnaeus Pompeius, but was killed by the latter.
of Pontus, having occupied Bithynia and Cappadocia and having expelled
Aquilius, invaded Phrygia, a province
of the Roman people, with an enormous army.
|Ex libro LXXVIII
occupavit, Q. Oppium procos., item Aquilium legatum in vincula
iussuque eius, quidquid civium R. in Asia fuit uno die trucidatum
Rhodum, quae sola in fide populi R. manserat, oppugnavit et aliquot
navalibus victus recessit.
regis, in Graeciam cum exercitu venit, Athenas occupavit.
urbium insularumque, aliis ad Mithridaten, aliis ad populum R.
suas trahentibus, continet.
|From book 78
Asia, cast into chains proconsul Quintus Oppius, did the same to his
Aquilius, and on Mithridates' command all Roman citizens in Asia were
in one single day.He
attacked the city of Rhodes, which alone had remained faithful to the
people, but was defeated in several naval battles, and retired.
deputy of the king, went to Greece with an army and occupied Athens.
It [book 78]
contains an account of the disorders in the cities and on the islands,
as some wanted to side with Mithridates, and others with the Roman
|Ex libro LXXIX
cos. cum perniciosas leges per vim atque arma ferret, pulsus urbe ab
Octavio collega cum sex tribunis plebis imperioque ei abrogato,
Appi Claudi exercitum in potestatem suam redegit et bellum urbi
arcessito C. Mario ex Africa cum aliis exulibus. (In
quo bello duo fratres, alter ex Pompei exercitu, alter ex Cinnae,
concurrerunt, et cum victor spoliaret occisum, agnito fratre ingenti
edita, rogo ei extructo, ipse se supra rogum transfodit et eodem igne
inter initia potuisset, Cn. Pompei fraude, qui utramque partem fovendo
vires Cinnae dedit nec nisi profligatis optimatium rebus auxilium
et consulis segnitia confirmati Cinna et Marius quattuor exercitibus,
quibus duo Q. Sertorio et Carboni dati sunt, urbem circumsederunt.
Marius expugnavit et crudeliter diripuit.
|From book 79
consul Lucius Cornelius Cinna was carrying dangerous laws by violence
arms, he along with six tribunes of the plebs was expelled from the
by his colleague Gnaeus Octavius and deprived of his office, but with
he brought the army of Appius Claudius in his power and carried the war
into the city, recalling Gaius Marius and other exiles from
this war, two brothers, one from the army of Pompeius and one from
unknowingly engaged, and when the winner was stripping the man he had
he cried heavily when he recognized his brother and built a pyre, on
he stabbed himself, and was consumed by the same fire.)
civil war] could have been suppressed at the very beginning, by the
of Gnaeus Pompeius (who supported both sides and did not bring help to
optimates till their position had become
desparate) and by the
slowness of the consul, the position of Cinna and Marius was
so that they were able to besiege the city with four armies, two of
were given to Quintus Sertorius and Carbo.
the colony at Ostia and sacked it cruelly.
|Ex libro LXXX
a senatu civitas data est. Samnites,
qui soli arma recipiebant, Cinnae et Mario se coniunxerunt. Ab
his Plautius legatus cum exercitu caesus est.
cum Carbone et Sertorio Ianiculum oppugnaverunt et fugati ab Octavio
Antium et Ariciam et Lanuvium colonias expugnavit.
esset optimatibus resistendi propter segnitiam et perfidiam et ducum et
militum (qui corrupti aut pugnare nolebant, aut in diversas partes
Cinna et Marius in urbem recepti sunt; qui velut captam eam caedibus ac
rapinis vastaverunt, Cn. Octavio cos. occiso et omnibus adversae partis
nobilibus trucidatis, inter quos M. Antonio (eloquentissimo viro) et C.
L.que Caesare, quorum capita in rostris posita sunt. Crassus
filius ab equitibus Fimbriae occisus, pater Crassus, ne quid indignum
sua pateretur, gladio se transfixit.
Et citra ulla
consules in sequentem annum se ipsos renuntiaverunt.
magistratum inierant, Marius S. Licinium senatorem de saxo deici
editisque plurimis sceleribus idibus Ianuar. decessit, vir, cuius si
cum virtutibus vitia, haud facile sit dictu utrum bello melior an pace
perniciosior fuerit. Adeo quam
rem p. armatus servavit, eam primo togatus omni genere fraudis,
armis hostiliter evertit.
|From book 80
given to the Italian nations by the Senate. The
Samnites, the only ones to take up arms again, sided with Cinna and
defeated deputy Plautius and his army.
together with Carbo and Sertorius, attacked the Janiculum, but were
by consul Octavius and retreated. Marius
captured the colonies at Antium and Aricia and Lanuvium.
the slowness and perfidy of both their leaders and their soldiers (who
were bribed and did not want to fight or moved to other regions), the optimates
had lost all hope of holding out, Cinna and Marius were received in the
city, which they treated with murder and rape as if it were conquered.
Consul Gnaeus Octavius was killed and all noble members of the opposite
party butchered, like Marcus Antonius (a man of great eloquence), and Gaius
Caesar, whose heads were placed on the speaker's
younger Crassus was killed by the knights
of Fimbria, and the elder Crassus, wishing to avoid a fate unworthy of
his dignity, stabbed himself with his sword.
the appearance of election, they [Cinna and Marius] appointed
consuls for the next year.
the very day of the beginning of his magistracy, Marius ordered that
senator Sextus Licinius was to be thrown from he [Tarpeian] rock. After
many crimes, Marius died on the Ides of January. When we take
into account, he had been a man about whom it was not easy to say
he was more excellent in times of war than he was dangerous in times of
can therefore be said
that as much as he saved the state as a soldier, so much he damaged it
as a citizen - first by his tricks, later by his revolutionary actions.