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Livy: Periochae 91-95



Titus Livius or Livy (59 BCE - 17 CE): Roman historian, author of the authorized version of the history of the Roman republic. Many of the 142 books of  the History of Rome from its beginning are now lost; however, we do have an excerpt, the Periochae.
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Ex libro XCI

Cn. Pompeius cum adhuc eques R. esset, cum imperio proconsulari adversus Sertorium missus est. Sertorius aliquot urbes expugnavit plurimasque civitates in potestatem suam redegit.

Appius Claudius procos. Thracas pluribus proeliis vicit.

Q. Metellus procos. L. Hirtuleium, quaestorem Sertori, cum exercitu cecidit.

From book 91

[77 BCE] Although Gnaeus Pompey was still a Roman knight, he was sent out against Sertorius with the powers of a proconsulSertorius stormed several cities and subdued several tribes.

Proconsul Appius Claudius defeated the Thracians in several battles.

Proconsul Quintus Metellus defeated Lucius Hirtulus, a quaestor of Sertorius, and his army.

Ex libro XCII

Cn. Pompeius dubio eventu cum Sertorio pugnavit, ita ut singula ex utraque parte cornua vicerint. Q. Metellus Sertorium et Perpernam cum duobus exercitibus proelio fudit, cuius victoriae partem cupiens ferre Pompeius parum prospere pugnavit. Obsessus deinde Cluniae Sertorius adsiduis eruptionibus non leviora damna obsidentibus intulit.

Praeterea res ab Curione procos. in Thracia gestas adversus Dardanos et Q. Sertori multa crudelia in suos facta continet; qui plurimos ex amicis et secum proscriptis crimine pro insimulatos occidit.

From book 92

[76] Gnaeus Pompey fought against Sertorius a battle with an unclear outcome, because on both sides one wing was victorious. Quintus Metellus defeated Sertorius and Perperna with their two armies, but Pompey, who was eager to be part of the victory, fought with dubious results. Later, Sertorius was besieged at Clunia, but by repeated sallies he was able to inflict as much damage on the besiegers as he received.

It [book 92] also contains accounts of the campaigns waged by proconsul Curio in Thrace against the Dardanians and of the many cruel acts committed by Quintus Sertorius upon his men; on false accusations of treachery, he executed many of his friends and fellow-victims of the proscription.

Ex libro XCIII

P. Servilius procos. in Cilicia Isauros domuit et aliquot urbes piratarum expugnavit.

Nicomedes, Bithyniae rex, populum R. fecit heredem regnumque eius in provinciae formam redactum est.

Mithridates foedere cum Sertorio icto bellum populo R. intulit.Apparatus dein regiarum copiarum pedestrium navaliumque; et occupata Bithynia M. Aurelius Cotta cos. ad Calchedona proelio a rege victus; resque a Pompeio et Metello adversus Sertorium [lacunaomnibus belli militiaeque artibus par fuit [lacuna] et ab obsidione Calagurris oppidi depulsos coegerit diversas regiones petere, Metellum ulteriorem Hispaniam, Pompeium Galliam.

From book 93

In Cilicia, proconsul Publius Servilius conquered the Isaurians and captured several cities of the pirates.

[75] King Nicomedes of Bithynia made the Roman nation his heir and his kingdom was transformed into a province.

Mithridates concluded a treaty with Sertorius and declared war upon the Romans. Muster of the royal armies, infantry and naval; the occupation of Bithynia, how consul Marcus Aurelius Cotta was defeated by the king at Calchedon; the achievements of Pompey and Metellus against Sertorius [lacunain every aspect of war and the art of soldiery, he was their equal [lacuna] and having made them to break off the siege of Calagurris, he forced them to retreat in different regions, Metellus to Hispania Ulterior, Pompey to Gaul.

Ex libro XCIV

L. Licinius Lucullus cos. adversus Mithridaten equestribus proeliis feliciter pugnavit et aliquot expeditiones prosperas fecit poscentesque pugnam milites a seditione inhibuit.

Deiotarus, Gallograeciae tetrarches, praefectos Mithridatis bellum in Phrygia moventes cecidit.

Praeterea res a Cn. Pompeio in Hispania contra Sertorium prospere gestas continet.

From book 94

[74] Consul Lucius [Licinius] Lucullus successfully fought equestrian battles against Mithridates and launched several victorious campaigns, but restrained his mutinous soldiers, when they wanted battle.

Deiotarus, one of the tetrarchs of Gallograecia, crushed the deputies of Mithridates who tried to transfer the war to Phrygia.

It [book 94] also contains an account of Gnaeus Pompey's victorious war against Sertorius in Hispania.

Ex libro XCV

C. Curio procos. Dardanos in Thracia domuit.

IIII et LXX gladiatores Capuae ex ludo Lentuli profugerunt et congregata servitiorum ergastulorumque multitudine Crixo et Spartaco ducibus bello excitato Claudium Pulchrum legatum et P. Varenum praetorem proelio vicerunt.

L. Lucullus procos. ad Cyzicum urbem exercitum Mithridatis fame ferroque delevit, pulsumque Bithynia regem variis belli ac naufragiorum casibus tractum coegit in Pontum profugere.

From book 95

In Thrace, proconsul Gaius Curio subdued the Dardanians.

[73] Seventy-four gladiators escaped from the school of Lentulus at Capua, gathered a large number of slaves and workhouse prisoners, began a war under command of Crixus and Spartacus, and defeated the army of praetor Publius Varenus and his deputy Claudius Pulcher.

Near the city of Cyzicus, proconsul Lucius Lucullus destroyed the army of Mithridates with starvation and swords, expelled the king -now broken by several disasters of war and shipwreck- from Bithynia and forced him to make his escape to Pontus.

to the Periochae of books 96-100
 
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