|Ex libro CXVI
qui est civilis belli octavus
quintum triumphum egit. Et
cum plurimi maximique honores a senatu decreti essent (inter quos ut parens
patriae appellaretur et sacrosanctus ac dictator in perpetuum
invidiae adversus eum causam praestiterunt, quod senatui deferenti hos
honores, cum ante aedem Veneris Genetricis sederet, non adsurrexit, et
quod a M. Antonio cos., collega suo, inter lupercos currente diadema
suo impositum in sella reposuit, et quod Epidio Marullo et Caesetio
trib. pl., invidiam ei tamquam regnum adfectanti [moventibus potestas]
Ex his causis
in eum facta, cuius capita fuerunt M. Brutus et C. Cassius et ex
partibus Dec. Brutus et C. Trebonius, in Pompei curia occisus est XXIII
vulneribus occupatumque ab interfectoribus eius Capitolium.
caedis eius a senatu decreta, obsidibus Antoni et Lepidi de liberis
coniurati a Capitolio descenderunt.
heres ex parte dimidia institutus est C. Octavius, sororis nepos, et in
nomen adoptatus est.
cum in campum Martium ferretur, a plebe ante rostra crematum est.
in perpetuum sublatus est.
sortis homo, qui se C. Mari filium ferebat, cum apud credulam plebem
moveret, necatus est.
|From book 116
which is the eighth
dealing with the civil war
celebrated a fifth triumph, for his Spanish victory. 
decreed many of the highest honors (such as the right to be called
of the fatherland' together with an eternal inviolability and dictatorship),
several grudges rose against him: because he did not rise from his
in front of the temple of Venus Genetrix when the senators arrived to
him with these honors; because, when his fellow consul
Marc Antony, dancing with the luperci, placed
a diadem on his head, he placed it on his throne; and because
of the plebs
Epidius Marullus and Caesetius Flavus from office after they had caused
hostility towards him, arguing that he was aiming at one man rule.
a conspiracy was formed against him, its leaders being Marcus
Brutus and Gaius Cassius, and, from Caesar's own men, Decimus
and Gaius Trebonius. With 23 stabs he was murdered
in the Curia Pompeia, and the Capitol was occupied by the assassins.
an amnesty for the murder, and when the besieged conspirators had
the children of Antony and Lepidus as hostages, they descended from the
Gaius Octavius, the grandson of his sister, was adopted as his son and
made heir to half his estate.
was brought to the field of Mars, it was burned
in front of the Speaker's platform by the plebs.
The office of
was banned forever.
a man of the lowest rank, pretending to be the son of Gaius Marius,
disturbances among the credulous plebs, but was killed.
|Ex libro CXVII
ex Epiro venit (eo enim illum Caesar praemiserat bellum in Macedonia
ominibusque prosperis exceptus et nomen Caesaris
In confusione rerum ac tumultu M.
Lepidus pontificatum maximum intercepit.
cos. cum impotenter dominaretur legemque de permutatione provinciarum
vim tulisset et Caesarem quoque petentem ut sibi adversus percussores
adesset, magnis iniuriis adfecisset, Caesar et sibi et rei p. vires
eum paraturus deductos in colonias veteranos excitavit. Legiones
quoque quarta et Martia signa ab Antonio ad Caesarem tulerunt, deinde
complures saevitia M. Antoni (passim in castris suis trucidantis qui ei
suspecti erant) ad Caesarem desciverunt.
petenti Cisalpinam Galliam Antonio obsisteret, Mutinam cum exercitu
utriusque partis virorum ad accipiendas provincias apparatusque belli
|From book 117
from Epirus (he had been sent there in advance by Caesar to wage war in
and after all kind of favorable signs, he accepted the name of Caesar.
of confusion and disturbance, Marcus Lepidus accepted the office of pontifex
Antony recklessly tried to dominate the stage and carried a law
changes in the assignment of provinces
by violence. He intensely hurt [Octavian]
Caesar, who came to ask for help against the assassins of his
As a result, Caesar started to acquire resources against him in the colonies
of the veterans, which he would use for himself and the
and the Martian legions
indeed transferred their loyalty from Antony to Caesar, and
of the savage behavior of Marc Antony (who killed several suspects in
camp) others followed.
With an army,
Brutus occupied Modena, in order to head off Antony, who was making for
It [book 117]
contains an account of the scattering of men on both sides to take over
provinces, and describes other preparations for war.
|Ex libro CXVIII
M. Brutus in
sub praetexto rei p. et suscepti contra M. Antonium belli, exercitum
P. Vatinius praeerat, cum provincia in potestatem suam redegit.
privatus rei p. arma sumpserat, pro praetore imperium a senatu datum
cum consularibus ornamentis adiectumque ut senator esset.
Brutum Mutinae obsedit, missique ad eum a senatu legati de pace parum
componendam eam valuerunt. Populus
R. saga sumpsit.
M. Brutus in
C. Antonium praetorem cum exercitu potestati suae subegit.
|From book 118
Brutus, pretending to act for the benefit of the state and the campaign
against Marc Antony that was undertaken, obtained the army of Publius
and the province as well.
Gaius [Octavian] Caesar, who as a private citizen had built an army,
powers of a propraetor
and the ornaments of a consul, and promised that he would be made
Decimus Brutus at Modena, and the envoys sent by the Senate to
peace were unsuccessful, so
the Roman people accepted the military dress.
Brutus overcame praetor
Gaius Antonius and his army.
|Ex libro CXIX
Asia fraude P. Dolabellae occisus est. Ob
id facinus Dolabella hostis a senatu iudicatus est.
male adversus Antonium pugnasset, A. Hirtius cos. cum exercitu
fusis M. Antoni copiis fortunam utriusque partis aequavit. Victus
deinde ab Hirtio et Caesare Antonius in Galliam confugit et M. Lepidum
cum legionibus quae sub eo erant sibi iunxit, hostisque a senatu cum
qui intra praesidia eius essent iudicatus est. A.
Hirtius, qui post victoriam in ipsis hostium castris ceciderat, et C.
ex vulnere quod in adverso proelio exceperat, defunctus in campo Martio
qui solus ex tribus ducibus supererat, parum gratus senatus fuit, qui
Bruto obsidione Mutinensi a Caesare liberato triumphi honore decreto
militumque eius mentionem non satis gratam habuit. Ob
quae C. Caesar reconciliata per M. Lepidum cum M. Antonio gratia Romam
cum exercitu venit et praeclusis adventu eius his qui in eum iniqui
cum XVIIII annos haberet, consul creatus est.
|From book 119
of Publius Dolabella, Gaius Trebonius was murdered in Asia. Because
of this crime, Dolabella was declared to be an enemy by the Senate.
consul Pansa had unsuccessfully fought against Antony, consul Aulus
arrived with his army, defeated the troops of Marc Antony and brought
fortunes of both sides in balance again. Antony,
defeated by Hirtius and [Octavian] Caesar fled to Gaul, where he joined
Marcus Lepidus and the legions under his command; the Senate declared
and every soldier in his army an enemy. Aulus
Hirtius, who had been killed in the camp of the enemy after his
and Gaius Pansa, who had died from wounds received during his defeat,
buried on the Field of Mars.
hardly grateful to Gaius [Octavian] Caesar, who was the only one of
leaders to survive: it voted the honor of a triumph to Decimus Brutus,
who had been freed from the siege of Modena by Caesar, and made no
reference to Caesar and his soldiers.
[Octavian] Caesar, on advise by Marcus Lepidus, reconciled himself with
Marc Antony, marched on Rome with his army, and, surprising everyone
was against him, was made consul at the age of nineteen.
|Ex libro CXX
C. Caesar cos.
tulit de quaestione habenda in eos quorum opera Caesar pater occisus
postulatique ea lege M. Brutus, C. Cassius, Dec. Brutus absentes
Cum M. Antoni
Asinius quoque Pollio et Munatius Plancus cum exercitibus suis adiuncti
ampliassent; et Dec. Brutus, cui senatus ut persequeretur Antonium
relictus a legionibus suis profugisset, caesus iussu Antoni, in cuius
venerat, a Capeno Sequano.
cum Antonio et Lepido fecit ita ut IIIviri rei p. constituendae per
essent ipse et Lepidus et Antonius et ut suos quisque inimicos
qua proscriptione plurimi equites R., CXXX senatorum nomina fuerunt, et
inter eos L. Pauli (fratris M. Lepidi), et L. Caesaris (Antoni
et M. Ciceronis. Huius
occisi a Popillio, legionario milite, cum haberet annos LXIII, caput
cum dextra manu in rostris positum est.
M. Bruto in Graecia gestas continet.
|From book 120
[Octavian] Caesar carried a law to prosecute those who had been
in the murder of his father Caesar; under the terms of this law, Marcus
Brutus, Gaius Cassius, and Decimus Brutus were condemned in their
and Munatius Plancus as well joined Marc Antony with their armies and
him stronger; and Decimus Brutus, whom the Senate had ordered Antony to
pursue, was deserted by his legions, fled, and was put to death by
into whose power he had come, by a Sequanian named Capenus.
Caesar made his peace with Antony and Lepidus. For five years, they
to be triumvirs
for the restoration of the republic, and opponents of Lepidus, Antony
Caesar were to be proscribed. Many
and the names of 130 senators, were listed, such as Lucius [Aemilius]
(Marcus Lepidus' brother), Lucius Caesar (an uncle of Antony), and
[Tullius] Cicero. He
was killed by Popillius, a legionary soldier, at the age of 63. His
and right hand were exposed on the Speaker's platform.
It [book 120]
contains an account of Marcus Brutus' acts in Greece.