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Lysimachus


Bust of Lysimachus. Archaeological museum, Selçuk (Turkey). Photo Marco Prins.
Lysimachus (Archaeological museum, Selçuk)
Lysimachus (361-281): bodyguard of Alexander the Great, one of the Diadochi.

Relatives:

  • Father: Agathocles of Pella
  • First wife: Nicaea (daughter of Antipater)
    • Children: Agathocles, Eurydice
  • Second wife: Amastris
    • Two sons
  • Third wife: Arsinoe II, daughter of Ptolemy Soter
    • Children: Ptolemy, Philip, Lysimachus

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Lysimachus. Bust from the National Archaeological Museum of Naples (Italy). Photo Marco Prins.
Lysimachus (National Archaeological Museum, Naples)

Main deeds:

  • 361: Born in Pella
  • Lysimachus is one of the bodyguards of king Philip II of Macedonia
  • 336: Assassination of Philip (text); accession of Alexander the Great
  • 334: Invasion of Asia; Lysimachus is not mentioned as commander, but is known to have taken part in lion hunts and was next to Alexander during his battle against the Indian Porus, on the bank of the Hydaspes
  • 323: Death of Alexander in Babylon (text); settlement of Babylon (text); Lysimachus made satrap of Thrace, where Macedonian overlordship is no longer recognized; Lysimachus can not overcome the Thracian king Seuthes; beginning of a long series of wars
  • Marriage to Nicaea (daughter of Antipater)
  • 320: At the Conference of Triparadisus, Antipater confirms Lysimachus as satrap of Thrace (text)
  • 314: Outbreak of the Third Diadoch War (Cassander, Ptolemy Soter, and Lysimachus against Antigonus and his son Demetrius);
  • 311: The Peace of the Dynasts makes an end to the Third Diadoch War
  • 309: Founding of Lysimacheia
  • 305: Proclaims himself king
  • 303: Demetrius in Greece; he threatens to conquer Macedonia
  • 302: Lysimachus invades Asia Minor and receives support from Cassander and Seleucus
  • 301: Battle of Ipsus; death of Antigonus. Asia Minor is for Lysimachus; Asia for Seleucus; Ptolemy seizes Coele Syria; Demetrius keeps Greece. Lysimachus' new capital is Ephesus, where he builds the Belevi mausoleum
  • c.299: Lysimachus marries Arsinoe II, daughter of Ptolemy Soter and Berenice I; Lysimachus' son Agathocles is given Lysandra, daughter of Ptolemy and Eurydice.
  • 297: Expansion in Asia Minor
  • 294/293: Recognizes Demetrius as king of Macedonia
  • 292: His son Agathocles captured by the Thracians; later, Lysimachus himself is also taken prisoner; they have to cede land
  • 288: Together with Pyrrhus of Epirus, Lysimachus conquers Macedonia (Demetrius invades Asia and is taken captive by Seleucus)
  • 286: Conquers all of Macedonia and Thessaly
  • 284: Intervention in Amastris (in Bithynia)
  • 282: Lysimachus orders the execution of his son Agathocles, who has been accused of treason by his stepmother, Arsinoe
  • Agathocles' wife Lysandra flees to Babylon to Seleucus, who sees an opportunity to expand his dominions
  • 281: In the battle of Corupedium, Seleucus defeats Lysimachus, who is killed. Seleucus adds Lysimachus' realm to his own empire, but is killed almost immediately after by Ptolemy Keraunos.

Sources:



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Revision: 1 April 2006
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