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Martiya. Behistun relief. Photo Leen van Dorp.
Martiya: Persian, son of Zinzakriš, king of Elam in 522-521 BCE.

Martiya -his name is Persian and means 'warrior'- continued the Elamite rebellion against the Persian overlord, king Darius, which had been started by ššina in September 522, but had been suppressed almost immediately. In the winter, Martiya took charge of the rebellion; his throne name was Ummaniš. Since he posed no direct threat to Darius' vital interests, he was left alone for some time. When the Persian king moved from Media, where he had suppressed the rebellion of Phraortes, to Persia, a part of the Elamite population decided that it was better to kill Martiya. This must have happened in June; this can be deduced from the relief above the Behistun inscription, which shows Darius' opponents in the sequence of their death; Martiya stands right behind Phraortes.)

For some time, Elam remained quiet, but Martiya was succeeded by king Atamaita, who was captured by the Persian general Gobryas in the autumn of 521 or the following winter.

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