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List of Roman Emperors (3)

On these pages, you will find the names, regnal dates, and portraits of the emperors of the Roman Empire, with links to more information.

Septimius Severus
Septimius Severus
Septimius Severus
  • 11 April 145: Lucius Septimius Severus 
  • 9 April 193: Imperator Caesar Lucius Septimius Severus Pertinax Augustus 
  • Arabicus (195), Adiabenicus (195), Pius (195), Parthicus (198), Britannicus (210) 
  • 4 February 211: natural death

Biography from the Historia Augusta


Caracalla
Caracalla
Caracalla
  • 4 April 186: Lucius Septimius Bassianus 
  • Nicnames: Caracalla, Tarautas 
  • 4 April 196: Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Caesar
  • Autumn 197: Imperator Caesar Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus 
  • 4 February 211: Imperator Caesar Marcus Aurelius Severus Antoninus Pius Augustus
  • Britannicus maximus (210), Parthicus maximus (211), Arabicus maximus (211), Adiabenicus maximus (211) Magnus (213), Germanicus maximus (213)
  • 8 April 217: murdered by Macrinus

Biography from the Historia Augusta


Geta
Geta
Getanote
  • 27 May 189: Publius Septimius Geta 
  • Autumn 197: Publius Septimius Geta Caesar 
  • Autumn 209: Imperator Caesar Publius Septimius Geta Augustus
  • 4 February 211: Imperator Caesar Publius Septimius Geta Augustus
  • 19 December 211: murdered by Caracalla

Biography from the Historia Augusta


Macrinus
Macrinus
Macrinus
  • c.165: Marcus Opellius Macrinus 
  • 11 April 217: Imperator Caesar Marcus Opellius Severus Macrinus Augustus 
  • June 218: executed

Biography from the Historia Augusta


Diadumenianusnote
  • 14 September 208: Marcus Opellius Diadumenianus
  • First half May 217: Marcus Opellius Antoninus Diadumenianus Caesar Severus
  • May 218: Imperator Caesar Marcus Opellius Antoninus Diadumenianus Augustus
  • June 218: executed

Biography from the Historia Augusta


Heliogabalus
Heliogabalus
Heliogabalus
  • c.203: Varius Avitus Bassianus
  • 16 May 218:  Imperator Caesar Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus 
  • 11 March 222: lynched by soldiers
  • Other title: Sacerdos amplissimus dei invicti solis Elagabali

Biography from the Historia Augusta


Severus Alexander
Severus Alexander
Severus Alexander
  • 1 October 209: Marcus Bassianus Alexianus 
  • 26 (?) June 221: Marcus Aurelius Alexander Caesar 
  • 14 March 222: Imperator Caesar Marcus Aurelius Severus Alexander 
  • 230: Imperator Caesar Marcus Aurelius Severus Alexander Magnus
  • February 235: lynched by soldiers

Biography from the Historia Augusta


Maximinus Thrax
Maximinus Thrax
Maximinus the Thracian
  • c.172: Gaius Julius Maximinus (?)
  • February 235: Imperator Caesar Gaius Julius Verus Maximinus Augustus 
  • 236: Imperator Caesar Gaius Julius Verus Maximinus Germanicus maximus Augustus
  • April 238: lynched by soldiers

Biography from the Historia Augusta


Gordian I
Gordian I
Gordian I
  • c.158: Marcus Antonius Gordianus Sempronianus 
  • 1 (?) January 238: Imperator Caesar Marcus Antonius Gordianus Sempronianus Romanus Africanus Augustus
  • 20 (?) January 238: suicide

Biography from the Historia Augusta


Gordian II
Gordian II
Gordian IInoteco-emperor of Gordian I]
  • c.192: Marcus Antonius Gordianus Sempronianus 
  • 1 (?) January 238: Imperator Caesar Marcus Antonius Gordianus Sempronianus Romanus Africanus Augustus 
  • 20 (?) January 238: killed in action

Biography from the Historia Augusta


Balbinus
Balbinus
Balbinusnote
  • date of birth and full name unknown
  • February 238: Imperator Caesar Decimus Caelius Calvinus Balbinus Augustus
  • May 238: lynched by soldiers

Biography from the Historia Augusta


Pupienus
Pupienus
Pupienusnote
  • ±164: Marcus Clodius Pupienus Maximus 
  • February 238: Imperator Caesar Marcus Clodius Pupienus Maximus Augustus
  • May 238: lynched by soldiers

Biography from the Historia Augusta


Gordian III
Gordian III
Gordian III
  • 20 January 225 or 226: Marcus Antonius Gordianus 
  • 1 February 238: Marcus Antonius Gordianus Caesar 
  • 9 May 238: Imperator Caesar Marcus Antonius Gordianus Pius Felix Augustus 
  • February (?) 244: killed in action

Biography from the Historia Augusta


Philip the Arab
Philip the Arab
Philippus the Arab
  • c.204(?): Marcus Julius Philippus 
  • February 244: Imperator Caesar Marcus Julius Philippus Augustus
  • Parthicus Adiabenicus (244), Persicus maximus (244), Parthicus maximus (244)
  • September 249: killed in action

Decius
Decius
Decius
  • c.195: Gaius Messius Quintus Decius Valerianus 
  • June 249: Imperator Gaius Messius Quintus Decius Valerianus 
  • September 249:  Imperator Caesar Gaius Messius Quintus Trajanus Decius Augustus
  • Dacicus maximus (250), Germanicus maximus (250)
  • June 251: killed in action

Hostilian
Hostilian
Hostilianus
  • Unknown date of birth: Gaius Valens Hostilianus Messius Quintus
  • September 250: Caesar; Princeps Iuventutis
  • June 251: Imperator Caesar Gaius Valens Hostilianus Messius Quintus Augustus
  • July 251: death of natural causes (plague)

Trebonianus Gallus
Trebonianus Gallus
Trebonian the Gaul
  • c.206: Gaius Vibius Trebonianus Gallus 
  • June 251: Imperator Caesar Gaius Vibius Trebonianus Gallus Augustus
  • August 253: lynched by soldiers

Aemilian
Aemilian
Aemilian
  • 207: Marcus Aemilius Aemilianus 
  • August 253: Imperator Caesar Marcus Aemilius Aemilianus Augustus
  • October 253: lynched by soldiers

Valerian
Valerian
Valerian
  • c.200: Publius Licinius Valerianus 
  • August 253: Imperator Caesar Publius Licinius Valerianus Augustus
  • 254: Imperator Caesar Publius Licinius Valerianus Germanicus maximus Augustus
  • June 260: taken captive by the Persians 
  • 262: died in captivity

Biography from the Historia Augusta


Gallienus
Gallienus
Gallienus
  • c.213: Publius Licinius Egnatius Gallienus
  • September 253: Publius Licinius Gallienus Caesar Augustus 
  • October 253: Imperator Caesar Publius Licinius Egnatius Gallienus Augustus 
  • Germanicus maximus (254), Dacicus maximus (257)
  • September/October 268: murdered by soldiers

Biography  from the Historia Augusta


Claudius II
Claudius II
Claudius II Gothicus
  • 10 May 214:  full name unknown 
  • September/October 268: Imperator Caesar Marcus Aurelius Claudius Augustus
  • Germanicus maximus (268), Gothicus maximus (269), Parthicus maximus (270) 
  • First half September 270: natural death

Biography from the Historia Augusta


Quintillus
  • Date of birth and full name unknown (brother of Claudius II Gothicus)
  • First half September 270: Imperator Caesar Marcus Aurelius Claudius Quintillus
  • Second half September 270: lynched by soldiers

Aurelian
Aurelian
Aurelian
  • 9 September 214:  Lucius Domitius Aurelianus 
  • September 270: Imperator Caesar Lucius Domitius Aurelianus Augustus 
  • Germanicus maximus (271), Goticus maximus (272), Dacicus maximus (272), Parthicus (Persicus?) maximus (272), Arabicus maximus (272), Palmyrenicus maximus (272), Armeniacus (?), Adiabenicus (?), Carpicus maximus (273), Restitutor orbis (274)
  • September 275: murdered by his secretary

Biography from the Historia Augusta


Tacitus
Tacitus
Tacitus
  • c.200: Marcus Claudius Tacitus 
  • December 275: Imperator Caesar Marcus Claudius Tacitus Augustus 
  • 276: Imperator Caesar Marcus Claudius Tacitus Gothicus maximus Augustus
  • July 276: uncertain cause of death

Biography from the Historia Augusta


Florian
Florian
Florian
  • full name and date of birth unknown (brother of Tacitus)
  • July 276: Imperator Gaius Marcus Annius Florianus Augustus
  • September 276: lynched by soldiers

Probus
Probus
Probus
  • 19 August 232: Marcus Aurelius Probus 
  • July 276: Imperator Caesar Marcus Aurelius Probus Augustus 
  • Gothicus maximus (277), Germanicus maximus (279), Parthicus Persicus maximus (279), Medicus maximus (279)
  • October 282: lynched by soldiers

Biography from the Historia Augusta


Carus
  • c.224: Marcus Aurelius Carus
  • September 282: Imperator Caesar Marcus Aurelius Carus Augustus 
  • Germanicus maximus (283), Persicus Parthicus maximus (283)
  • August 283: struck by lightning

Biography from the Historia Augusta


Carinus
Carinus
Carinus
  • c.250: Marcus Aurelius Carinus
  • November 282: Marcus Aurelius Carinus Caesar 
  • Spring 283: Imperator Caesar Marcus Aurelius Carinus Augustus 
  • Germanicus maximus (283), Persicus maximus (283), Britannicus maximus (284)
  • September 285: killed by an officer

Biography from the Historia Augusta


Numerian
  • c.254: Marcus Aurelius Numerius Numerianus
  • November 282: Marcus Aurelius Numerianus Caesar 
  • August 283: Imperator Caesar Marcus Aurelius Numerianus Augustus 
  • Germanicus maximus (283), Persicus maximus (283), Britannicus maximus (284)
  • November 284: murdered by his father-in law

Biography from the Historia Augusta


Diocletian
Diocletian
Diocletian
  • 22 December 245: Diocles 
  • 20 November 284: Imperator Caesar, Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus Augustus 
  • 1 April 286: Imperator Caesar Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus Augustus Iovius 
    Germanicus maximus (285), Sarmaticus maximus (285), Gothicus maximus (293), Persicus maximus (295), Britannicus maximus (296?), Carpicus maximus (297?), Armenicus maximus (298), Medicus maximus (298), Adiabenicus maximus (298)
  • 1 May 305: resigned 
  • 3 December 313: natural death

Maximian
Maximian
Maximian (first time)
  • 21 July 250 (?): full name unknown 
  • 1 April 286: Imperator Caesar Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus Augustus Herculius
  • Germanicus maximus (287), Sarmaticus maximus (289), Gothicus maximus (293), Persicus maximus (295), Britannicus maximus (296?), Carpicus maximus (297?), Armenicus maximus (298), Medicus maximus (298), Adiabenicus maximus (298)
  • 1 May 305: resigned

Literature

Dietmar Kienast, Römische Kaisertabelle. Grundzüge einer römischen Kaiserchronologie (1990 Darmstadt)