Roman city, capital of Germania Superior, important military base,
is the "Drususstein", the Drusus
memorial. You will find it in Mainz'
interesting seventeenth-century citadel. Actually there is some doubt
it really is the cenotaph of the Roman general, who died in 9 BCE after
he had founded Mainz and conquered the valleys of the rivers Lippe
and Main. The identification is as early as the Middle Ages and may
be based on accurate memories, but archaeologists have identified tombs
from a later age in the neighborhood. This can mean that the large
tower is younger than is generally accepted, but can also mean that
wanted to be buried near the city's founder.
replica of an ancient milestone at the crossing of the Betzelsstraße
and the Fuststraße modern Mainz.
The next photos are from monuments and inscriptions from
the Landesmuseum. The first one is interesting, because the man who was
buried there and his brother were not native Romans, but Parthians,
born in Cilicia.
X DONIS DON-
|Antiochus, son of Antiochus,
arba, cavalryman from
the Squadron of Parthians
catus with triple pay,
after 10 years of service, decorated with de-
his brother erectedthis.
||This is the tombstone
of a mounted archer named Maris, son of Casitus.
Like the Antiochus of the monument above, Maris was a member of the
Squadron of Parthians and Arabs, in which his
brothers Masicates and Tigranus appear to have fought as well.
||The tombstone of a
couple; their names are lost. The woman, standing,
wears a native dress and jewelry; the man also has a typical native
dress with a hoof,
It can be dated to the second century. It is interesting to see that in
the first century, civil monuments are almost absent from the
archaeological evidence; in the second century, when the military base
became less important and the city was prospering, they become much
tombstone of a girl. In Mainz, as everywhere in the ancient
world, about two third of the people were dead before they had reached
the age of ten. On these pages, you have seen the tombs of thirteen men
and one woman. To make the balance more accurate, we would have needed
the tombs of about twelve women, twenty-seven children, and
Jona Lendering for
Revision: 21 August 2008