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Nabonidus


Relief showing Nabonidus, praying to the moon, sun, and Venus. British Museum, London (Britain). Photo Marco Prins.
Relief showing Nabonidus, praying to the moon, sun, and Venus (British Museum, London)
Nabonidus (Nabû-na'id): last king of Babylonia, ruled 556-539.

Relatives:

  • Father: Nabû-balâssi-iqbi
  • Mother: Adad-Guppi
  • Son: Belshazzar

Main deeds:

  • 556: Becomes king after a coup d'état by his son Belshazzar, who dethrones Nerigilissar and/or his son Labaši-Marduk
  • 555: Campaign to Cilicia
  • Religious reforms: the Mesopotamian triad Sin, Šamaš, and Ištar (Moon, Sun, and Venus) is propagated; conflict with the Babylonian religious establishment
  • 553: Another campaign to Cilicia and Edom
  • 549: Nabonidus is in Têma
  • 547: Nabonidus is in Têma; death of his mother; Cyrus near Arbela
  • 546: Nabonidus is in Têma
  • 545: Nabonidus is in Têma
  • 542: Repairs to the temple of Šamaš in Sippar
  • c.540: Repairs to the ziggurat of Ur
  • 539: 
    • 12 October: Nabonidus defeated by Cyrus near Opis
    • 29 October: Cyrus enters Babylon; Nabonidus is arrested
  • In 522, the Babylonian usurpers Nindintu-Bêl and Arakha claimed  to be a son of Nabonidus.

Sources:

Ancient-Warfare.com, the online home of Ancient Warfare magazine
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© Jona Lendering for
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Revision:28 January 2006
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