Livius.Org Anatolia Carthage Egypt Germ. Inf. Greece Judaea Mesopotamia Persia Rome Other

Naqš-i Rustam


Double Equestrian Victory Relief of Bahram II from Naqš-i Rustam. Photo Jona Lendering, Naqš-i Rustam: archaeological site in Fars (Iran), best known for its Achaemenid tombs and Sasanian rock reliefs.
   
History Photos

Third Relief of Bahram II 

The Iranian king Bahram II (276-293) was not the strongest ruler of the Sasanian dynasty. Having lost a war against the Roman emperor Carus, he accepted the loss of Armenia and Mesopotamia; he had some difficulty in suppressing a revolt by his brother Hormizd II; and he lost power to the Zoroastrian high priest Kartir. Still, Bahram II left no less than ten rock reliefs, three of them in Naqš-i Rustam.
Ancient-Warfare.com, the online home of Ancient Warfare magazine
The third, double relief of Bahram II. Photo Marco Prins.
The Double Equestrian Victory Monument of Bahram II can be seen immediately below the tomb of Darius I the Great. The Sasanian king is recognizable because there are eagle's wings on his helmet. In the upper register, he throws an enemy from his horse. His standard bearer occupies the left part of this scene.

In the lower register, the king fights against another enemy; the two scenes are almost identical. On both reliefs, a dead enemy is trampled upon by the king's horse. The enemy cannot be identified.

Literature

Louis Vanden Berghe, Reliefs rupestres de l' Iran ancien (1983 Brussels), #72.


History Photos
Jona Lendering for
Livius.Org, 2004
Revision: 15 Nov. 2009
Livius.Org Anatolia Carthage Egypt Germ. Inf. Greece Judaea Mesopotamia Persia Rome Other