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Necho I


Portrait of a pharaoh of the Saite dynasty. Allard Piersonmuseum, Amsterdam (Netherlands). Photo Jona Lendering.
Portrait of a pharaoh of the Saite dynasty (Allard Piersonmuseum, Amsterdam)
Necho I: ruler of the Western Delta between 672 and 664 BCE, founder of the Saite dynasty.

Egyptian names: Mencheperre Nekau

Relatives:

  • children: Psammetichus I

Main deeds:

  • 673: The first Assyrian invasion of Egypt is repelled
  • 671: Second Assyrian invasion: Esarhaddon captures Memphis and forces pharaoh Taharqo (Kushite dynasty) to flee to the south
  • Necho is recognized as governor of the western Delta
  • 669: Taharqo returns to the north, Esarhaddon gathers his troops, but dies; Taharqo captures Memphis and forces the local leaders to support him again
  • 667/666: The Assyrian king Aššurbanipal attacks Egypt again, sacks Thebes, and deports the local leaders from Lower Egypt
  • 666: Necho returns, appointed as viceroy of Memphis and Sais; his son Psammetichus is intended successor
  • 664: Death of Taharqo; his successor Tanwetamani proceeds to Memphis, but is defeated by Necho, who is killed in action (HerodotusHistories 2.152)
  • Psammetichus flees to Assyria, receives Assyrian support, and is put on the throne
Succeeded by: Psammetichus I
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This brief article has been written to offer background information to the real articles on Livius.Org. One day, this webpage will be improved. A list of completed articles can be found here.
Jona Lendering for
Livius.Org, 2007
Revision: 11 March 2007
Livius.Org Anatolia Carthage Egypt Germ. Inf. Greece Judaea Mesopotamia Persia Rome Other