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Nepherites II


Map of Egypt at the end of the sixth century BCE. Design Jona Lendering. Lower Egypt
Nepherites (Egyptian Nef'aurud): last pharaoh of the twenty-ninth, Mendesian dynasty, ruling briefly in 379/378.

Nepherites II was the son of Achoris, the pharaoh who had been able to defeat a Persian army that had tried to reconquer Egypt after it had become independent from the Achaemenid empire in 404. When he died in 379, he left behind a peaceful and prosperous Egypt. His son now started to rule. However, there was another candidate for the throne: Nectanebo, a descendant of Nepherites I, the founder of the dynasty. He ordered the assassination of the new king, who died after a reign of only four months.

Nepherites II is known only from literary sources. No monuments with his name have been discovered so far.

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