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Piye


Piye: name of a Nubian king (ruled c.741-c.716), famous for conquering Egypt. (The name was also written as Pianchi.)

Relatives

  • Father: Kastha?
  • Mother:  Pebatjna?
  • First wife: Tabiry, daughter of Alara
  • Second wife: Abar, daughter of a sister of Alara
  • Further wives: Peksatar (daughter of Kashta), Khensa (daughter of Kashta), Nefrukekashta (daughter of Kashta)
  • Daughters: Shepenwepet II (Great Wife of Amun), Qalhata (wife of Shabaqo), Arty (wife of Shebitqo)

Life

  • Succeeds Kashta
  • Conquers Egypt, as documented in the Victory Stela from Gebal Barkal
    • Intervention becomes necessary when the rulers of Upper Egypt, with whom Nubia is allied, appear to join Tefnakht, a Libyan ruler from Sais (Twenty-fourth dynasty)
    • After restoring his influence in Upper Egypt, Piye proceeds to the north and captures Memphis
    • The princes of Lower Egypt recognize Piye as their overlord
    • Tefnakht sends an envoy to announce his submission
    • Piye returns to Nubia
  • During his reign, his sister Amenirdis becomes Great Wife of Amun
  • c.716: Succeeded by Shabaqo, who may have been his brother

Buildings

  • Additions to the Temple of Amun in Gebel Barkal, including the Victory Stela
  • Tomb at El-Kurru

Literature

  • T.G.H. James, "Egypt. The Twenty-Fifth and Twenty-Sixth Dynasties" in: Cambridge Ancient History (second edition, 1991), vol.III, part two, pp.677-747
  • Robert G. Morkot, The Black Pharaohs. Egypt's Nubian Rulers (2000 London), especially chapter 12-14
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Revision: 26 June 2008
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