Livius.Org Anatolia Carthage Egypt Germ. Inf. Greece Judaea Mesopotamia Persia Rome Other

Taharqo


Taharqo venerating the falcon-god Hemen. Louvre, Paris (France). Photo Marco Prins.
Taharqo venerating the falcon-god Hemen (Louvre)
Taharqo: name of the last Nubian king ruling over Egypt (c.690-664), defeated by the Assyrian kings Esarhaddon and Aššurbanipal.

Relatives

  • Father: Piye
  • Mother: Abar
  • Daughter: Amenirdis II
Ancient-Warfare.com, the online home of Ancient Warfare magazine
Taharqo. British Museum, London (Britain). Photo Jona Lendering.
Taharqo (British Museum)

Life

  • c.690: Succeeds Shebitqo
  • Year 6: High Nile
  • 673: The first Assyrian invasion of Egypt is repelled
  • 671: Second Assyrian invasion: Esarhaddon captures Memphis (Nahr al-Kalb Stela) and forces Taharqo to flee to the south; power in Lower Egypt is given to the local princes
  • 669: Taharqo returns to the north, Esarhaddon gathers his troops, but dies; Taharqo occupies Memphis and forces the local princes to support him again
  • 667/666: The Assyrian king Aššurbanipal attacks Egypt again, sacks Thebes, and deports the princes from Lower Egypt
  • 666: Necho, prince of Sais, returns, appointed as viceroy of Memphis and Sais; his son Psammetichus is intended successor
  • 664: Death of Taharqo; his successor Tanwetamani proceeds to Memphis, but is defeated by Necho, who is killed in action (HerodotusHistories 2.152); Psammetichus reunites Egypt

Cast of the Zincirli Stela of Esarhaddon. Pergamonmuseum, Berlin (Germany). Photo Jona Lendering.
Cast of the Zincirli Stela of Esarhaddon (Pergamonmuseum, Berlin)

Buildings

  • New temple at Kawa
  • Temples at Sanam, Meoe, Bihen, Semna-West, Sedeinga, Qasr Ibrim
  • Tomb at Nuri

Literature

  • T.G.H. James, "Egypt. The Twenty-Fifth and Twenty-Sixth Dynasties" in: Cambridge Ancient History (second edition, 1991), vol.III, part two, pp.677-747
  • Robert G. Morkot, The Black Pharaohs. Egypt's Nubian Rulers (2000 London), especially chapter 17-21


This brief article has been written to offer background information to the real articles on Livius.Org. One day, this webpage will be improved. A list of completed articles can be found here.
Jona Lendering for
Livius.Org, 2008
Revision: 11 Aug. 2012
Livius.Org Anatolia Carthage Egypt Germ. Inf. Greece Judaea Mesopotamia Persia Rome Other