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Parthian kings

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NOTE: The chronology of the Arsacid kings of the Parthian Empire is less well-understood than, for example, the sequence of Seleucid and Ptolemaic kings or the emperors of Rome. This table is based on E.J. Bickermann, Chronology of the Ancient World (1980²); on information from Parthia.com; and on the researches by F. Assar as published on Iranica-L.
247
-
211

Arsaces I

(British Museum, London)
Coin of Arsaces I. British Museum, London (Britain). Photo Marco Prins.
211
-
185

Arsaces II

(parthia.com; ©!!)
Coin of Arsaces II.
185
-
170

Arsaces III Phriapatius

 
170
-
168

Arsaces IV

 
168
-
165

Arsaces V, Phraates I

 
165
-
132

Arsaces VI, Mithradates I the Great

(Bode-Museum, Berlin)
Coin of Mithradates I the Great, founder of the Parthian empire.
132
-
126

Arsaces VII, Phraates II

(Bode-Museum, Berlin)
Coin of the Parthian king Phraates II. Bode-Museum, Berlin (Germany). Photo Jona Lendering.
126

Arsaces VIII, Bagasis

(©!!)
Coin of Bagasis
126
-
122

Arsaces IX, Artabanus I

(Bode-Museum, Berlin)
Coin of Artabanus I. Bode-Museum, Berlin (Germany). Photo Jona Lendering.
October 122
-
April 121

Arsaces X

 
121
-
91

Arsaces XI, Mithradates II

(Allard Piersonmuseum; ©**)
Coin of Mithradates II. Allard Pierson Museum, Amsterdam (Holland). Photo Jona Lendering.
93/92
-
70/69

Arsaces XII, Sinatruces

(Römisch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum, Mainz)
Coin of Sinatruces. Römisch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum, Mainz (Germany). Photo Jona Lendering.
91
-
87

Arsaces XIII, Gotarzes I

(rebel king)
(parthia.com; ©!!)
Coin of the rebel king Gotarzes I.
87
-
80/79

Arsaces XIV, Mithradates III

(parthia.com; ©!!)
Coin of Mithradates III.
80
-
75

Arsaces XV, Orodes I

(Bode-Museum, Berlin)
Orodes I. Bode-Museum, Berlin (Germany). Photo Jona Lendering.
75
-
62/61

Arsaces XVI

 
70/69
-
58/57

Arsaces XVII, Phraates III

(Bode-Museum, Berlin)
Coin of the Parthian king Phraates III. Bode-Museum, Berlin (Germany). Photo Jona Lendering.
58/57
-
54

Arsaces XVIII, Mithradates IV

(Römisch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum, Mainz)
Coin of Mithradates IV. Römisch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum, Mainz (Germany). Photo Jona Lendering.
54
-
38

Arsaces XIX, Orodes II

(Römisch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum, Mainz)
Coin of Orodes II. Römisch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum, Mainz (Germany). Photo Jona Lendering.
41
-
38

Pacorus I

(co-ruler)
(parthia.com; ©!!)
Coin of the Parthian king Pacorus I.
38
-
2

Phraates IV

(Münzkabinett der Staatlichen Museen zu Berlin)
Coin of Phraates IV.Münzkabinett der Staatlichen Museen zu Berlin (Germany). Photo Marco Prins.
29
-
27

Tiradates I

(rebel king)
(©!!)
Coin of Tiridates I
2 BCE
-
4 CE

Phraataces ("little Phraates")

(Bode-Museum, Berlin)
Coin of the Parthian king Phraataces. Bode-Museum, Berlin (Germany). Photo Jona Lendering.
c.6

Orodes III

(Münzkabinett der Staatlichen Museen zu Berlin)
Coin of Orodes III. Münzkabinett der Staatlichen Museen zu Berlin (Germany). Photo Marco Prins.
8
-
12

Vonones I

(parthia.com; ©!!)
Coin of Vonones I.
10
-
38

Artabanus II

(British Museum, London)
Coin of Artabanus II. British Museum, London (Britain). Photo Marco Prins.
35

Phraates V

(pro-Roman rebel king)
 
36
-
37

Tiridates II

(pro-Roman rebel king)
 
39?
-
47?

Vardanes I

(parthia.com; ©!!)
Coin of Vardanes I.
39?
-
51

Gotarzes II

(Römisch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum, Mainz)
Coin of Gotarzes II. Römisch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum, Mainz (Germany). Photo Jona Lendering.
50
-
56

Sanabares

(rebel king)
(parthia.com; ©!!)
Coin of the Parthian king Sanabares.
51

Vonones II

(British Museum, London)
Coin of Vonones II. British Museum, London (Britain). Photo Marco Prins.
51
-
78

Vologases I

(parthia.com; ©!!)
Coin of Vologases I.
55
-
58

Vardanes II

(rebel king)

(Römisch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum, Mainz)
`Coin of Vardanes II. Römisch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum, Mainz (Germany). Photo Jona Lendering.
77
-
80

Vologases II

(British Museum, London)
Coin of Vologases II. British Museum, London (Britain). Photo Marco Prins.
78
-
105

Pacorus II

(parthia.com; ©!!)
Coin of the Parthian king Pacorus II.
80
-
90

Artabanus III

(rebel king)
(Bode-Museum, Berlin)
Coin of the Parthian rebel king Artabanus III. Bode-Museum, Berlin (Germany). Photo Jona Lendering.
105
-
147

Vologases III

(Bode-Museum, Berlin)
Coin of Vologases III. Bode-Museum, Berlin (Germany). Photo Jona Lendering.
108
-
129

Osroes I

(co-ruler)
(Bode-Museum, Berlin)
Coin of the Parthian king Osroes I. Bode-Museum, Berlin (Germany). Photo Jona Lendering.
116

Parthamaspates

(rebel king, supported by the Romans)
(Bode-Museum, Berlin)
Coin of the pro-Roman Parthian rebel king Parthamaspates. Bode-Museum, Berlin (Germany). Photo Jona Lendering.
c.140

Mithradates V

(Römisch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum, Mainz; ©**)

147
-
191

Vologases IV

(Bode-Museum, Berlin)
Coin of Vologases IV. Bode-Museum, Berlin (Germany). Photo Jona Lendering.
c.190

Osroes II

(rebel king)
(parthia.com; ©!!)
Coin of the Parthian king Osroes II.
191
-
208

Vologases V

(Bode-Museum, Berlin)
Coin of Vologases V. Bode-Museum, Berlin (Germany). Photo Jona Lendering.
208
-
218

Vologases VI

(Römisch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum, Mainz)
Coin of Vologases VI. Römisch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum, Mainz (Germany). Photo Jona Lendering.
216
-
224

Artabanus IV

(Bode-Museum, Berlin)
Coin of Artabanus IV. Bode-Museum, Berlin (Germany). Photo Jona Lendering.
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