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Persepolis: Hall of 100 Columns


Hall of Hundred Columns, Persepolis (Iran). Photo Jona Lendering.
Hall of Hundred Columns; in front the Garrison Quarters
Persepolis (Old Persian Pârsa, modern Takht-e Jamshid): Greek name of one of the capitals of the ancient Achaemenid empire, founded by the great king Darius (522-486 BCE). There were several satellite sites, like Naqš-i Rustam and Takht-e Rostam.
  
History Photos

According to the inscription known as A1Pb, construction of the Hall of Hundred Columns at Persepolis (map 8) was started by the Achaemenid king Xerxes; the building was finished by his son and successor Artaxerxes I Makrocheir (465-424). This throne hall was Persepolis' second largest building, measuring 70 x 70 meters.

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Reconstruction of the Hall of Hundred Columns.
Reconstruction

At an unknown moment, its function was changed and it became a store room, probably because the Treasuryhad become too small to contain all treasures that were hoarded in Persepolis. A new function may have been envisioned, however, because Artaxerxes III Ochus was building a new road and a new gate to the palace, suggesting that the Hall of Hundred Columns might have been used for audience.
A bull guarding the Hall of Hundred Columns. Photo Jona Lendering.
A bull at the northern gate

The entrance was to the north, where a portico was decorated by two large bulls. The entrances themselves - two on each of the four sides of the square building - were decorated with the usual motifs:. audience scenes, throne scenes, and "royal warriors" fighting against wild animals.

A satellite photo of the Hall of Hundred Columns is here.
"Royal Warrior" in the Hall of Hundred Columns, Persepolis (Iran). Photo Jona Lendering.
One of the entrances Audience scene on one of the entrances: the king receives the mayor of the palace Courtiers A soldier "Royal Warrior"
One of the entrances of the Hall of Hundred Columns. Photo Jona Lendering. Part of the decoration of the Hall of Hundred Columns, Persepolis (Iran). Photo Jona Lendering. Carriers of the royal throne. Relief from Persepolis. Photo Marco Prins.
One of the entrances of the Hall of Hundred Columns One of the entrances Throne scene on one of the entrances: the king and a servant with a fly whisk Part of the canopy above the audience scene, decorated with flowers, bulls, and lions People carrying the king's throne
History Photos
© Jona Lendering for
Livius.Org, 2004
Revision: 9 June 2010
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