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Perseus


Perseus of Macedonia. Coin from the Antikensammlung, Berlin (Germany). Photo Marco Prins.
Perseus (Altes Museum, Berlin; **)
Perseus (212-165 or 162): last king of ancient Macedonia, ruled 179-168.

Relatives:

Main deeds:

  • 212: Born as second son of king Philip V
  • 199: Fights against the Paeones
  • 189: Besieges Amphilochia
  • 183: Fights against the Thracians, in whose territory he founds Perseis
  • 180: Demetrius, the crown prince, plans to dethrone his father, become king, and embark upon a more pro-Roman policy; Perseus discovers it and tells his father, who executes his son.
  • 179: Accession of Perseus, who is detested by the Romans.
  • Considerable diplomatic successes in Greece, the Seleucid Empire, and Rhodes (178: Perseus marries Laodice, his sister marries to king Prusias II of Bithynia).
  • The king of Pergamon, Eumenes II Soter, becomes suspicious and tells Rome.
  • 172: Outbreak of the Third Macedonian War. The Seleucid king Antiochus IV Epiphanes and Perseus' brother-in-law Prusias refuse to support him.
  • 168: Decisive defeat at Pydna; Perseus is captured.
  • 165 or 162: Perseus dies in Roman captivity.
Succeeded by: Roman occupation of Macedonia
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Livius.Org, 2006
Revision: 4 April 2006
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