Aristophanes (c.445-c.380): Athenian poet, author of many comedies, of which eleven survive.
Aristophanes' most famous play is the Lysistrata, in which the women of Greece decide not to have sex with their husbands, unless they end the Peloponnesian War between Athens and Sparta. In another play, The Clouds, the philosopher Socrates is ridiculed. In The Frogs, Euripides and Aeschylus are seen debating who is the better poet. It is the world's oldest piece of literary criticism.
His other surviving plays are the
- Peace (celebrating the Peace of Nicias)
- Ecclesiazusae (women taking charge of Athenian politics)