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Four Achaemenid Empire Lists

Darius I (Old Persian Dârayavauš): king of ancient Persia, whose reign lasted from 522 to 486. He seized power after killing king Gaumâta, fought a civil war (described in the Behistun inscription), and was finally able to refound the Achaemenid empire, which had been very loosely organized until then. Darius fought several foreign wars, which brought him to India and Thrace. When he died, the Persian empire had reached its largest extent. He was succeeded by his son Xerxes.

Behistun inscription §6

These are the countries which are subject unto me, and by the favor of Ahuramazda I became king of them: Persia, Elam, Babylonia, Assyria, Arabia, Egypt, the countries by the Sea, Lydia, the Greeks, Media, Armenia, Cappadocia, Parthia, Drangiana, Aria, Chorasmia, Bactria, Sogdia, Gandara, Scythia, Sattagydia, Arachosia and Maka; twenty-three lands in all.

Map of the Achaemenid Empire with Persian names
Map of the Achaemenid Empire with Persian names

Persepolis terrace (DPe)

By the favor of Ahuramazda these are the countries which I got into my possession along with this Persian people, which felt fear of me and bore me tribute : Elam, Media, Babylonia, Arabia, Assyria, Egypt, Armenia, Cappadocia, Lydia, the Greeks who are of the mainland and those who are by the sea, and countries which are across the sea, Sagartia, Parthia, Drangiana, Aria, Bactria, Sogdia, Chorasmia, Sattagydia, Arachosia, Hinduš, Gandara, Scythians, Maka.

Susa Inscription (DSe)

By the favor of Ahuramazda these are the countries which I seized outside of Persia; I ruled over them; they bore tribute to me; what was said to them by me, that they did; my law - that held them firm: Media, Elam, Babylonia, Aria, Bactria, Sogdia, Chorasmia, Drangiana,note Arachosia, Sattagydia, Maka, Gandara, Hinduš, Sakâ haumavargâ, Sakâ tigrakhaudâ, Parthia,note Assyria, Arabia, Egypt, Armenia, Cappadocia, Lydia, the Greeks who are by the sea and who are across the sea, Thracians, Libyans, Ethiopians, Carians.note

Naqš-i Rustam (DNa)

By the favor of Ahuramazda these are the countries which I seized outside of Persia; I ruled over them; they bore tribute to me; they did what was said to them by me; they held my law firmly; Media, Elam, Parthia, Aria, Bactria, Sogdia, Chorasmia, Drangiana, Arachosia, Sattagydia, Gandara, Hinduš, Sakâ haumavargâ, Sakâ tigrakhaudâ, Babylonia, Assyria, Arabia, Egypt, Armenia, Cappadocia, Lydia, the Greeks, Sakâ paradrayâ, Thrace, the Macedonians, the Libyans, the Kushites, the men of Maka and the Carians.

This page was created in 1999; last modified on 23 March 2014.