Sophocles (497-406): Athenian poet, author of many tragedies, of which seven survive.
It is said that to express his ideas, he had to change the way tragedies were played, by adding a third (and once even a fourth) actor, and enlarging the chorus.
Sophocles was also active in Athenian politics. In 441/440, 428, and 423/422 he served as army commander, and after the defeat at Sicily, he was given special responsibilities to lead Athens out of this crisis (413). The playwright was a personal friend of Pericles and Herodotus of Halicarnassus.
After his death, Sophocles received heroic honors, and it was said that he had once charmed the winds when they were blowing unseasonably.