This is the new Livius website. We are currently converting the old website, but this will take some time yet. Please report any errors.

This page is a stub. It will be expanded to a normal article.

Sophocles

Sophocles (497-406): Athenian poet, author of many tragedies, of which seven survive.

Sophocles
Sophocles
Sophocles is the second of the three great Athenian tragic poets, and the one with whose plays we are most familiar: the names of Ajax, Antigone, and Oedipus are well-known. Of his 118 plays, however, only seven remain, in which people are confronted with extremely difficult situations. His other plays are Philoctetes, Trachinian women, Electra, and Oedipus at Colonus (posthumously produced by his grandson, who was also called Sophocles).

It is said that to express his ideas, he had to change the way tragedies were played, by adding a third (and once even a fourth) actor, and enlarging the chorus.

Sophocles was also active in Athenian politics. In 441/440, 428, and 423/422 he served as army commander, and after the defeat at Sicily, he was given special responsibilities to lead Athens out of this crisis (413). The playwright was a personal friend of Pericles and Herodotus of Halicarnassus.

After his death, Sophocles received heroic honors, and it was said that he had once charmed the winds when they were blowing unseasonably.

This page was created in 2005; last modified on 15 September 2014.

This page is a stub. It will be expanded to a normal article.