Philip I Philadelphus
Philadelphus ('the man who loves his brother'): name of a Seleucid
king, ruled from 95 to 84/83.
Successor of: Seleucus
VI Epiphanes Nicator
Succeeded by: Tigranes
II the Great of Armenia
After 114/113, the Seleucid dynasty was divided into two branches, a northern
one and a southern one.
97/96: The Egyptian king-in-exile Ptolemy
IX Soter Lathyros makes Demetrius III Eucaerus and his (presumed twin)
I Philadelphus rulers in Damascus; they are successful in their war
against Antiochus X Eusebes Philopator.
- Summer 96: death of Antiochus VIII Grypus; he is succeeded by Seleucus VI
- Early 95: Seleucus defeats and kills Antiochus IX Cyzicenus, who is succeeded by his son Antiochus
X Eusebes Philopator.
- In the deep south, Demetrius and Philip seem to have
expanded their power: from now on, coins are minted for Philip, who
seems to ahve resided in Beroea (modern Aleppo)
- Summer 94: Antiochus X defeats Seleucus VI. Leadership of the northern branch is transferred
to Seleucus' brother Antiochus
XI Epiphanes Philadelphus
- 93: Antiochus XI in
Antioch; his reign, however, comes to an end, and Antiochus X takes
over power in both Antioch and the north; Demetrius III and Philip
I remain in the south
Demetrius intervenes in the Hasmonaean
kingdom, against king Alexander Jannaeus.
c.89: Parthian invasion; end
of the reign of Antiochus X, who is defeated by the Parthian leader
Mithridates Sinaces and his ally Aziz the Arab
- Demetrius breaks off his war against Alexander Jannaeus and captures Antioch
Demetrius and his twin brother Philip start to quarrel; Demetrius besieges Aleppo; Philip invites the Parthians to help him
- 88/87: Demetrius is captured by the Parthians and dies in captivity.
- Philip now seizes the northern part and is recognized in Antioch
- He does not control Damascus, where Antiochus XII Dionysus (a brother of Demetrius and Philip) becomes king.
- 83/82: Antiochus Dionysus is defeated and killed by the Nabataean
Arabs; Damascus is seized by Ptolemy of Chalcis
- c.75: Death of Philip
- His successor is Antiochus XIII Asiaticus, who goes to Rome to ask for help; in the meantime, Tigranes
II the Great of Armenia
adds the remains of the Seleucid Empire to his realm
- O. Hoover, 'A
Late Hellenistic Lead Coinage from Gaza,' in: Israel Numismatic Research 1
(2006), pp. 25-35
- O. Hoover, 'Revised
Chronology for the Late Seleucids at Antioch (121/0-64 BC)' in: Historia 65/3 (2007) 280-301